What is cartilage tissue Rating:
Cartilage is a type of connective tissue found in the human body that is characterized by its ability to resist compression and provide support. It is a type of tissue that is found in many different parts of the body, including the nose, ears, trachea, and joints.
One of the main functions of cartilage is to provide support and cushioning to the body. It is found in joints such as the knees, hips, and shoulders, where it acts as a shock absorber and helps to distribute weight evenly. This is especially important in areas of the body that undergo a lot of stress and strain, such as the joints.
Cartilage is also important for maintaining the shape and structure of the body. It is found in the nose and ears, where it helps to give these structures their distinctive shapes. It is also found in the trachea, where it helps to keep the airway open and allows air to flow freely.
There are three main types of cartilage: hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage. Hyaline cartilage is the most common type of cartilage and is found in the joints, nose, and trachea. It is characterized by its smooth, glassy appearance and its ability to resist compression. Elastic cartilage is found in the ears and is characterized by its ability to stretch and move. Fibrocartilage is the strongest type of cartilage and is found in areas of the body that undergo a lot of stress, such as the intervertebral discs and the knee joint.
Cartilage is made up of cells called chondrocytes, which are surrounded by a matrix of proteins and other substances. The matrix is made up of collagen fibers and a gel-like substance called proteoglycan. The proteoglycan helps to give cartilage its elasticity and helps it to resist compression.
Cartilage does not have a direct blood supply, so it relies on the surrounding tissues for nutrients and oxygen. This can make it more difficult for cartilage to repair itself when it is damaged. Injuries to cartilage can cause pain, swelling, and stiffness in the affected area. Treatment may include rest, physical therapy, and medications to reduce inflammation and pain. In severe cases, surgery may be needed to repair or replace damaged cartilage.
Overall, cartilage is an important tissue in the human body that plays a vital role in supporting and cushioning the body, maintaining the shape and structure of the body, and allowing for movement. It is found in many different parts of the body and is essential for the proper functioning of these structures.
Cartilage: Knee, Joint, In Ear, Nose, Tissue, Repair, Damage, and More
These components are produced by the chondroblasts at the inner edges of the perichondrium, and are located in an environment that is gel-like. Although doctors can perform these procedures to promote healing, the cartilage may grow at a slow rate. Chondrocytes start as chondroblasts, which later split into multiple cells and reside within pockets of cartilage known as lacunae. Cartilage has multiple functions throughout the human body. Treatment involves arthroplasty and chondroitin sulfate or glucosamine sulfate supplements.
The metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb Saddle Joints Saddle joints have a slightly higher range of non-rotary movement than condyloid joints. Where Is Articular Cartilage Found Articular cartilage locations are found throughout the body. Chondroblasts histological slide Chondrocytes are responsible for producing large quantities of collagenous extracellular matrix and ground substance that is rich in proteoglycans and elastin fibers. Hyaline cartilage appears slightly glassy under a microscope. Does cartilage have fat? It contains cartilage tissue and white fibrous tissue. What is the difference between hyaline cartilage and elastic cartilage? Cartilage is avascular and receives its nutrients from a nearby connective tissue caller perichondrium. The image below shows the smooth, white horseshoe shape of the fibrocartilaginous menisci.
Lysine post-translational modifications of collagen. As these cells develop, they group together into small pockets within the extracellular matrix called lacunae. These materials help cartilage attract water and give it its shape and specific properties. Articular cartilage of the elbow sagittal view The function of articular cartilage is dependent on the molecular composition of the extracellular matrix ECM , which consists mainly of proteoglycans and collagen. An accident can cause direct harm tocartilagein a certain joint. If you understand its meaning and importance, it will be easier to understand the entire concept. At no time can they serve to facilitate or replace the diagnoses, treatments, or recommendations of a professional.
Cartilage is an important type of specialized connective tissue found in the body that is less rigid than bone but provides more support than skin or fat. As an embryo, chondroblasts form through a process called chondrification within a collection of unspecialized cells collectively known as the mesenchyme. These techniques will attempt to repair, regenerate and replace cartilage and this surgery can be performed on any joint, but commonly they are performed on the knee. We avoid using tertiary references. This cartilage type has many thin collagen fibers that help to give it strength. For example, a When cartilage in a joint is damaged, it can cause severe pain, inflammation, and some degree of disability — this is known as articular cartilage. What tests are done to cartilage? If the cartilage begins to degenerate with age, or if it were to become damaged from an injury, the joint loses some of that protective cushion and exposes underlying bone ends.
Cartilage: Anatomy, histology, types and functions
Fibrocartilage tissues absorb approximately a third of joint impact load, but is not as smooth as the articular, cartilage that coats the bones themselves. In Outer Ear The outer ear is relatively unprotected and sticks out from the skull. It is flexible, tough, and elastic. It also maintains some flexibility, like fat and skin. Fat Fat, which is also called "adipose tissue," is not very dense. During motion, one bone remains in place and the other moves.
Hyaline cartilage is very uniform in appearance. In addition, the main cells in cartilage are chondrocytes. While these tumors usually appear in bone, and rarely in pre-existing cartilage, they can invade cartilage. Hyaline cartilage collagen fibers are primarily type II, extremely thin, and invisible to the microscope due to similar refractory properties to that of the matrix itself. A note from Cleveland Clinic Cartilage is an important part of your ability to stand, move and do anything else that uses your joints and bones. The deep, basal layer is found next, which consists of type II collagen that is perpendicular to the joint and crosses the tidemark. One of the most common orthopedic surgeries in elderly populations, a total hip replacement replaces hip joints where arthritis has worn away the articular cartilage, leading to loss of motion and pain.
This type is usually only used on a small area of damage because a surgeon cannot take an excess of healthy tissue. Rev Cubana Aliment Nutr. The main difference between elastic cartilage and elastic connective tissue is that the elastic cartilage contains a polysaccharide called chondroitin sulfate whereas the elastic connective tissue does not contain chondroitin sulfates. It supports the external ear, allowing the ear bones to develop. As mentioned before, the ECM is paramount in opposing shear, tensile, and compressive forces normally. The Stretching them creates uniformity which is once again lost when the tensile pressure is released. New cartilage grows, helps repair damaged joints thanks to novel engineering.
Cartilage tissue does not have nerves or blood vessels. Type I is found in bones, organs, skin, and tendons, and most of the collagen in the human body is type I. Rev Cubana Aliment Nutr, 14 1 , 46-54. Cartilage at the end of your bones reduces friction and prevents them from rubbing together when you use your joints. Because this approach requires multiple surgical procedures, doctors usually only perform it on younger individuals who have a single injury that is 2 centimeters or greater.