Rise of the aztec empire. The Rise of the Aztec Empire 1200 2022-10-02
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The Aztec Empire was a powerful civilization that emerged in the 14th and 15th centuries in what is now Mexico. At the height of their power, the Aztecs controlled a vast territory that stretched from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean, and from present-day Mexico down to Costa Rica. The rise of the Aztec Empire was a complex process that involved a combination of military conquest, political maneuvering, and cultural assimilation.
The Aztecs were a Nahuatl-speaking people who originated in the Valley of Mexico. They were not the first civilization to emerge in this region; in fact, they were preceded by many other civilizations, including the Olmecs, the Maya, and the Toltecs. The Aztecs were a warrior culture that valued military prowess and expansion. They were also skilled farmers and engineers, and they developed an advanced system of agriculture and urban planning that allowed them to support a large population.
The Aztecs first came to prominence in the 14th century, when they established their capital city, Tenochtitlan, on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco. Tenochtitlan was a bustling metropolis that was home to a population of over 200,000 people. It was a center of trade, learning, and culture, and it became the hub of the growing Aztec Empire.
The Aztecs expanded their territory through a combination of military conquest and diplomatic alliances. They formed strategic marriages and trade agreements with other civilizations, and they used their military might to subjugate their enemies. The Aztecs were known for their brutal methods of warfare, which included human sacrifice and the taking of prisoners of war.
As the Aztecs expanded their territory, they also encountered many other civilizations and cultures. They absorbed and assimilated many of these cultures into their own, incorporating their customs, religions, and traditions into their own. This process of cultural assimilation helped to strengthen the Aztec Empire and give it a sense of unity and purpose.
The Aztec Empire reached the height of its power in the 15th century, but it began to decline in the 16th century. The arrival of the Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, marked the beginning of the end for the Aztecs. The Spanish brought with them new technologies, diseases, and ideologies that the Aztecs were unable to resist. Despite their initial resistance, the Aztecs were ultimately defeated by the Spanish, and the Aztec Empire came to an end.
In conclusion, the rise of the Aztec Empire was a complex and dynamic process that involved military conquest, political maneuvering, and cultural assimilation. The Aztecs were a powerful civilization that controlled a vast territory and played a significant role in the history of the Americas.
The Rise of the Aztec Civilization: Courtesy of their strategic position and military proficiency, the Aztecs forged a strong relationship with among the most powerful capitals in the Mexican valley called Azcapotzalco. The Great Temple of the Sun had 113 steps that people had to ascend to reach the top. They also constructed raised roads, called causeways, which could link the islands to the shore in order to improve transportation. Learn about the way Eagle and Jaguar warriors earned their ranks and what that meant to the hierarchy of their society. The Nahuas supervised the tribute collection by the above officials and relied upon the coercive power of the Aztec military, but also upon the cooperation of the pipiltin the local nobility who were themselves exempt from and recipient to tribute and the hereditary class of merchants known as pochteca.
Most of the existing settlements had been established by other indigenous peoples before the Mexica migration. University of Oklahoma Press. . The Toltecs had established their state in Tula, which was to the north of what would become Tenochtitlan. One of the ongoing concerns for Tenochtitlan was the need to supply enough food for its population. The Aztec then killed the princess and the priests donned her skin.
The Rise and Fall of the Aztec Empire (World History)
It was under Tlacaelel that Huitzilopochtli assumed his elevated role in the state pantheon and who argued that it was through blood sacrifice that the Sun would be maintained and thereby stave off the end of the world. University of Oklahoma Press. There were other, more luxurious foods which they grew as well, including, tomatoes, avocados, chilis, and sweet potatoes. When the Aztecs saw an eagle perched on a cactus on the marshy land near the southwest border of Lake Texcoco, they took it as a sign to build their settlement there. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. University of Texas Press. Very minimal damage to the cover including scuff marks, but no holes or tears.
The first targets for imperial expansion were Coyoacan in the Basin of Mexico and Cuauhnahuac and Huaxtepec in the modern Mexican state of Itzcoatl died, and Moctezuma I was enthroned as the new Mexica emperor. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Translated by Davis, Jack E. Cortés was away from Tenochtitlan dealing with Narváez, while his second-in-command The Aztec Empire was an example of an The form of government is often referred to as an empire, yet most areas within the empire were, in fact, organized as city-states individually known as tlatoani literally "speaker", plurally tlatoque from an aristocratic dynasty. These included the ruling elite or pipilitin and the requirement that only a descendant from a royal Toltec dynasty could become the emperor. The Codex Mendoza Vol.
They amassed wealth through a collection of tribunes after several successful military operations. Indian Women of Early Mexico. One component of this reform was the creation of an institution of regulated warfare called the Early years of expansion After the defeat of the Tepanecs, Itzcoatl and Nezahualcoyotl consolidated power in the Basin of Mexico and began to expand beyond its borders. On arrival in Mexico back in 1519, Hernan Cortes found key allies within the local communities such as the Tlaxcallans formerly subjugated by the civilization, who used the Spaniards to free themselves. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. In the empire, ceremonies held an important part of their rituals particularly during Coronations and agricultural seasons in order to ensure healthy crops.
The Aztecs were vagrants continually trying to find a territory to occupy. The establishment of the office of Huetlatoani understood through the creation of another level of rulership, hueitlatocayotl, standing in superior contrast to the lesser tlatocayotl principle. With each new building project, the Aztec took great care to design their city's layout in an organised and practical manner. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Culture. The high productivity of the systems resulted in a heavy density of population in the Valley of Mexico and the development of large urban centres.
However, these were just the basic foods that the Aztec needed. These included the city-states of Tlaxcalla, Cholula and Huexotzinco. The Aztec rewrote history to link the Aztec to the Toltec and to show that the Aztec were the heirs, the direct descendents, of the Toltec nobility. The Aztec took this as a sign, and founded their capital city, Tenochtitlan, on the lake. It didn't take long for the Aztec to make their existence felt among the local tribes in the region. In Collier; Rosaldo; Wirth eds. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
The Mexica warfare was marked by a focus on capturing enemies rather than killing them from its tactics to arms. During such ceremonies, the gods were offered human sacrifices. From here, the Aztec retreated to a marshy unoccupied Island. Rich soil from the bottom of a lake was piled up to form ridges between rows of ditches or canals. By 1200, the Valley of Mexico contained a number of moderately sized city states. So now the Aztec had become the greatest state in Mexico. All these sacrifices were offered in largely constructed temples.
These states included the Zapotecs, centered at Mitla, the Mixtecs, in the northern Oaxaca area, and the Tarascan kingdom, plus the Chichimeca. A Ollintonatiuh, or Sun of Movement, which was believed to have been the final age after which humanity would be destroyed. These calpixque and huecalpixque were essentially managers of the provincial tribute system which was overseen and coordinated in the paramount capital of Tenochtitlan not by the huetlatoani, but rather by a separate position altogether: the petlacalcatl. To construct them, they would row out to an open space of the lake and hammer wooden logs into the lake bottom to create a rectangular frame. After the Mexica served Culhuacan in battle, the ruler appointed one of his daughters to rule over the Mexica. New York: Columbia University Press. Coluacan, located in the southern portion of the Valley of Mexico, was the city-state to which the Toltec nobility had fled following the collapse of their empire.