Role of armed forces in disaster management ppt. What is Disaster Management ? 2022-10-04
Role of armed forces in disaster management ppt Rating:
The role of armed forces in disaster management is a crucial one, as they are often called upon to provide assistance and support in times of crisis. Whether it is a natural disaster, such as a hurricane or earthquake, or a man-made disaster, such as a terrorist attack, the armed forces are trained and equipped to handle a wide range of situations.
One of the primary roles of the armed forces in disaster management is to provide rescue and recovery efforts. This may involve airlifting stranded individuals to safety, providing medical care to those who are injured, and clearing debris to make roads and other infrastructure passable again. The armed forces also play a key role in providing logistical support, such as setting up temporary shelters, distributing food and water, and coordinating with other agencies to ensure that aid is delivered efficiently.
In addition to rescue and recovery efforts, the armed forces may also be called upon to provide security and maintain order in the wake of a disaster. This may involve patrolling affected areas, setting up roadblocks and checkpoints, and working with local law enforcement to ensure the safety of affected communities.
Another important role of the armed forces in disaster management is to provide intelligence and communication support. This may involve gathering and analyzing information about the disaster, as well as maintaining and repairing communication systems that have been damaged or disrupted.
Finally, the armed forces may also be called upon to provide long-term support and reconstruction efforts following a disaster. This may involve rebuilding infrastructure, such as roads, bridges, and buildings, as well as providing technical assistance to local communities as they recover and rebuild.
In conclusion, the role of the armed forces in disaster management is critical, as they provide a range of essential services and support in times of crisis. Whether it is providing rescue and recovery efforts, maintaining security and order, gathering and analyzing intelligence, or providing long-term reconstruction support, the armed forces play a vital role in ensuring the safety and well-being of affected communities.
Roles Of Armed Forces In Disaster Management Environmental Sciences Essay
In our country, there is not much opportunity to exchange views among parties involved. Disaster Management System in other Countries. Floods On average one-fifth of the total area of Bangladesh goes under water every year Life and crop damages Damage of human settlements. Using Naval ships, helicopters and aircraft Indian Navy supplied food, safe drinking water, medical facilities sanitation and shelter. Disasters tend to bring communities together. But to combat the it effectively all social agencies and establishments should work unitedly.
(PDF) ARMED FORCES IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT: CHALLENGES IN INDIAN PERSPECTIVE
Since the civil administration remains ill equipped for undertaking quick response to major disasters, the armed forces has been the primary option. This Act provides for the effective management of disasters in the country. This contribution has usually been made under some form of official arrangement for aid to civil power, as laid down in the standing operating procedures. The floods of 1987 and 1988, that which inundated about 39. Some are sudden and unpredictable. At present due to the inability of local administration to deal with natural calamities, armed forces are invariably employed for disaster relief. Military - civilian cooperation will be needed either because of the urgency or the scale of the disaster, or because special tasks have to be performed.
ROLE OF ARMED FORCES DURING DISASTER ON A LARGE SCALE
Until the National Disaster Management Authority gains more experience and expertise in handling disaster management situations, the armed forces will continue to provide vital support and remain the bulwark of efforts at managing disasters in a vast country like India. Detailed Hazard, Risk Page No. At the national level it is the NSC that decides on the policy and conducts relief operations. It is also called as emergency management. In general, Disasters are of two types: Natural Disaster — Manmade Disaster — Biological, Chemical and Nuclear disasters Disaster management is multilayered. Effect of Major types of Disaster in Bangladesh. The Bangladesh Government Bangladesh has outlined the duties and responsibilities of the various Governmental institutions and of different ministries, including the Armed Forces in two Standing Operating Procedures SOP.
(PDF) Role of Armed Forces in Disaster Management: Management: Coordination and Cooperation Dr. M Aslam Alam Secretary in Charge Disaster Management and Relief Division Government of Bangladesh
Disasters like tsunamis and earthquakes, which have been the most destructive, along with the floods and droughts that arise from extreme weather conditions, are expected to get worse due to adverse impact of climate change. Even in the case of man-made disasters the armed forces have performed vital assistance. These could be industrial accidents, transport accidents, oil spills, nuclear explosions, fire or stampedes. TYPES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT There Are Four Major Steps In Managing A Disaster. The Act further contains the provisions for financial mechanisms such as creation of funds for response, National Disaster Mitigation Fund and similar funds at the state and district levels for the purpose of disaster management. So there is an enormous potential inherent in them to provide enormous capability to restore emergency services.
The Indian military usually is not directly involved, but supportive operations contribute to the peacemaking process. Method of Data Collection. The early years of international disaster relief are discussed and it is shown how a change in this system was necessitated by a variety of factors and international disasters, which exposed its weakness. Following assistance may be rendered by the Armed Forces to fight disaster. All civil agencies and military administration must have respect for each other.
In the event of post disaster management, day to day operation coordinated by a cell within the Prime Minister's office under the Principal Staff Officer PSO. It would enable the latter to achieve self-reliance and thus reduce their dependence on the armed forces. The formulated plans should specify the assistance likely to be required in disaster situations. Enhancing capability for risk reduction in urban as well as rural areas and having suitable legislative and regulatory mechanisms to promote safe buildings should be encouraged as part of the civil-military relations programme. All these eight battalions are being trained in natural disasters while four of them are being additionally trained for handling CBRN disasters. NEOs are similar to a raid in that the operation involves swift insertion of a force, temporary occupation of objectives, and ends with a planned withdrawal. In some states, the department for disaster management is the changed name of the department of relief and rehabilitation, home guards and emergency fire services with ad hoc personnel.
Disaster management is an area of primary concern for governments around the world today. Development is a sufficient end in itself, but it also serves to prevent internal and external conflicts by alleviating some of their causes. For this purpose, they quickly use their different kinds of transport vehicles. Their main job is policy formulation for better disaster management and help the Govt. A high powered group was setup by involving representatives of different ministries and departments. For example, the Home Ministry is the statutory agent responsible for countering domestic terrorism.
These are largely beyond control of human being resulting quick changes in the lives of the victims. It is achieved by providing proper awareness to the public. The Act envisages establishment of State Executive Committee, to be headed by Chief Secretary of the state Government with four other Secretaries of such departments as the state Government may think fit. Logistical support land, sea and air for the delivery of relief goods. We cannot prevent the occurrence of a natural disaster but we cane reduce the after effects caused by the disaster by means of proper management. Operation Maitri was launched by Indian Army where large transport aircrafts, Mi 17 helicopters evacuated Indian and foreign citizens.
However, in view of the fact that the disaster management system of the civilian administration is yet to become operational, the civil authorities will continue to depend on the armed forces for disaster response. The Armed Forces of Bangladesh play the vital role in rescue, relief and rehabilitation activities in the event of natural calamities. Principal Staff Officer of AFD. The public often judges its government based on how quickly and effectively it responds to various disasters, deployment of the military can provide political benefits. Most of the countries of the world are facing disaster in some form or other but the type and magnitude differ from country to country. This will enhance the coordination capability of the proposed division to effectively handle the crisis arising out of disaster. It arises from natural or man-made causes, or by accident or negligence.
We must define the role of armed forces in disaster management
On the other hand, the cost of man made disaster like war is borne by the entire population. Natural calamities impart lessons at a huge cost of life and property. Communication and Information Management. River erosion About 1 million people are affected every year. In that sense disaster can be very educative as well. In Indian context it is unlikely that the local civil administration will have the resources available immediately to deal with a major disaster such as the earthquake that occurred in Gujarat in 2001 or the Tsunami of 2004.