Carl gustav jung analytical psychology. Biography of Carl Jung: Founder of Analytical Psychology 2022-10-15
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Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded the school of analytical psychology. Jung is best known for his theories on the collective unconscious, archetypes, and the process of individuation, which he saw as the psychological process of integrating the unconscious with the conscious self.
Jung was born in 1875 in Switzerland and was the son of a pastor. He studied medicine at the University of Basel and later trained as a psychiatrist at the Burghölzli Psychiatric Clinic in Zurich. In 1913, he met Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, and the two men developed a close friendship and professional collaboration. However, Jung eventually broke away from Freud's theories, particularly his emphasis on sexual repression as the root of all psychological problems, and developed his own ideas about the human psyche.
One of Jung's most influential concepts is the idea of the collective unconscious, which he saw as a reservoir of the experiences and memories of the human race. According to Jung, the collective unconscious is made up of archetypes, which are universal patterns or themes that are present in the mythology, literature, and religion of all cultures. These archetypes include the mother, the father, the hero, the trickster, and the anima and animus (the feminine and masculine aspects of the psyche). Jung believed that these archetypes influenced the way people perceive and experience the world, and that understanding them was essential for psychological growth and development.
Jung's theory of individuation, which he saw as the process of becoming a fully-fledged individual, was also central to his analytical psychology. Jung believed that in order to achieve individuation, an individual must integrate their unconscious with their conscious self, and this process involves exploring and coming to terms with one's own personal archetypes and the collective unconscious. This process requires a journey into the unconscious and a confrontation with one's own shadow, which Jung saw as the unconscious part of the psyche that contains all of the repressed thoughts, feelings, and impulses that an individual is not aware of. By facing and accepting the shadow, an individual can achieve greater self-awareness and wholeness.
Jung's ideas had a significant impact on the field of psychology and continue to be influential today. His theories on the collective unconscious, archetypes, and individuation have inspired numerous psychologists, therapists, and writers, and have been applied in a variety of fields, including literature, art, and film. Despite his many contributions to psychology, Jung was a controversial figure and his theories were often met with criticism and skepticism. However, his ideas about the human psyche and the importance of self-exploration remain a valuable and enduring legacy in the field of psychology.
Carl Gustav Jung
Jung was acutely aware that we need our lives to have meaning, and his positive approach to religion has support- ers as well as critics. International Journal of Jungian Studies, p. Retrieved 19 December 2011. Some Modern Controversies on the Historiography of Alchemy. Photograph, 1909 Freud did not approve of Jung's theories, especially where they contradicted his own, dismissing them as "unscientific," and Jung was deeply hurt by that rejection. Jung proposes the term transcendent function for the process that unites the various opposing aspects of personality, particularly consciousness and unconsciousness, into a coherent middle ground.
Jung: A Journey of Transformation. This regression is not necessarily harmful as we have seen , since it may help to awaken the neglected and undervalued aspects of personality. Jung is highly critical of religions that emphasize blind faith and minimize the importance of reason, for this devaluing of the thinking function is another form of pathological one-sidedness. Additional Concepts Jung proposed the concepts of psychological complexes, which are repressed psychic content. Retrieved 20 September 2009. The Art Therapy Sourcebook. But individuation is a difficult process that is never completely achieved, and very few people are able to integrate all of the attitudes and functions into a coherent whole and allow each one its due expression.
Included in Carl Jung, Letters, vol II is a letter describing his smoking routine. Retrieved 8 August 2018. THE BASIC NATURE OF HUMAN BEINGS Jung called his theory analytical psychology. For example, if a hot object and a cold object placed in direct contact, heat will flow from the hotter object to the colder object until they are in equilibrium at the same temperature. They spent the next 25 years before Freud's death without communicating. Underneath all the padding one would find a very pitiable little creature.
Jung consistently rejected accusations of It must be clear to anyone who has read any of my books that I have never been a Nazi sympathizer and I never have been anti-Semitic, and no amount of misquotation, mistranslation, or rearrangement of what I have written can alter the record of my true point of view. The collective unconscious refers to symbols and cultural knowledge that we may not have experienced firsthand, but which still affect us. Every day now I go walking twice for about three quarters of an hour. If disinterring a neurosis will allow a latent psychosis to emerge, it may well be best to leave the neurosis alone. The transcendent func- tion also provides us with guidelines for personal development that enable us to become our true selves— guidelines that cannot be found in the external world or opinions of other people. It is not an individual; it is an entire nation. Everyone inherits a tendency to fear objects that our ancestors found to be potentially dangerous, such as snakes, so it will be easier to learn to fear snakes than to fear flowers.
Biography of Carl Jung: Founder of Analytical Psychology
. The final major Jungian archetype is the Self, created by individuation, which is a psychological unification of personality traits both conscious and unconscious, the pursuit of the psyche to become conscious of unique individuality. Jung: A Journey of Transformation: Exploring His Life and Experiencing His Ideas. Jung, "Smoking was one of the pleasures of the day. Jung used masculinity, femininity, and mothers as examples of archetypes.
Princeton University Press, 1971. I can't do it better than Jesus. It was recognized by the intellectual community at large, Jung received honorary degrees from Harvard and Oxford and been acknowledged as a powerful influence on the work of many scholars. This approach helps the patient develop independence, is less financially demanding, and allows the therapist more time for other cases. He stated in a letter, "There have been other books which describe Freudian analyses, but I know of no other that describes a Jungian analysis" adding "I was deeply afraid that I would put my foot in it, for I have never undergone one of those barnacle-scraping experiences, and knew of it only through reading.
Thus a man who has stifled his anima in order to emphasize a persona of power and authority may develop a complex that indicates a damaged anima, project this complex onto women in general, and be attracted only to women who are physically or mentally disabled. The Development of Personality 1910; 1925—43 18. In addition to introversion and extroversion, Jung also introduced several other personality types, including sensing and intuition as well as thinking and feeling. He solved the problem of his general practitioner by getting rid of Stahel and signing up with a Swiss physician, Ignaz Tauber. A third and equally weighty essay is Psychology and Religion, originally given as the Terry Lectures at Yale University in 1937.
The power of a complex to attract psychic material depends on the amount of libido at its disposal its value. He worried at times that he was "menaced by a psychosis" or was "doing a schizophrenia". The contents of it were never naturally "known" through physical or cognitive experience and then forgotten. Retrieved 2 December 2007. Other widely used measures of personality also incorporate concepts of introversion and extroversion, although they tend to see introversion and extroversion as two ends of a spectrum, rather than two distinct personality types. It was comforting to hear that he experienced such feelings and emotions, I can relate as someone who has been in a few childhood fights and sometimes I would target the bullies.