Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany. He was the first child of Hermann Einstein and Pauline Einstein, both of whom were Ashkenazi Jews. Einstein's parents owned a small electrochemical business, which they ran from their home.

Einstein's family moved to Munich when he was an infant, and it was there that he spent most of his childhood and adolescence. As a child, Einstein was curious and inquisitive, and he excelled in school. He had a particular interest in mathematics and physics, and he enjoyed solving mathematical problems and puzzles.

Einstein's parents supported his education and encouraged his intellectual curiosity. However, they also placed a strong emphasis on traditional values, and they expected Einstein to become a successful businessman like his father. Einstein, however, had other plans.

In 1895, Einstein enrolled in the Swiss Federal Polytechnic in Zurich, where he studied mathematics and physics. He excelled in his studies and graduated with top marks in 1900. After graduation, Einstein struggled to find a job as a physicist, and he ended up taking a temporary position as a tutor and substitute teacher.

In 1902, Einstein obtained a permanent position as a technical assistant at the Swiss Patent Office in Bern. While working at the patent office, Einstein continued to study physics and mathematics in his spare time. He published several papers on theoretical physics, including his famous theory of relativity, which he developed in 1905.

Einstein's work at the patent office allowed him to have a steady income and the freedom to pursue his scientific interests. It was also at the patent office where Einstein met and married his first wife, Mileva Maric.

Einstein's work at the patent office was eventually recognized by the scientific community, and he received offers from universities around the world. In 1914, Einstein accepted a position at the University of Berlin, where he became a full professor and continued to work on his theories of relativity.

In conclusion, Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany and raised in Munich. He received his education at the Swiss Federal Polytechnic in Zurich and spent much of his career working at the Swiss Patent Office in Bern. Einstein's early years in Germany and Switzerland played a significant role in shaping his intellectual curiosity and scientific pursuits, which would eventually lead to his groundbreaking work in theoretical physics.