Testing a leaf for starch is a common experiment in biology classrooms, as it allows students to understand the process of photosynthesis and how plants use energy. In this lab report, we will outline the materials and methods used, describe the results of the experiment, and discuss the implications of these results.
Fresh leaf from a green plant
Glass stirring rod
Obtain a fresh leaf from a green plant and gently wash it with water to remove any dirt or debris.
Fill a beaker with water and add a few drops of iodine solution.
Use a dropper to place a small drop of the iodine solution onto the leaf.
Observe the color of the iodine on the leaf. If the leaf contains starch, the iodine will turn blue or black. If the leaf does not contain starch, the iodine will remain yellow or orange.
Repeat the process with a few additional drops of iodine to confirm the results.
If necessary, use a glass stirring rod to scrape a small piece of tissue from the leaf and place it in a test tube. Add a few drops of iodine solution to the test tube and observe the color change.
In our experiment, we found that the iodine turned blue or black when applied to the leaf, indicating the presence of starch. When a small piece of tissue was placed in a test tube and mixed with iodine solution, the solution also turned blue or black. These results suggest that the leaf we tested contains starch.
Starch is a complex carbohydrate that plants use to store energy. It is produced during photosynthesis, when the plant uses energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose. The glucose is then converted into starch and stored in the plant's tissues, such as leaves, stems, and roots.
The presence of starch in the leaf we tested confirms that the plant is able to carry out photosynthesis and produce glucose. This is important for the plant's survival, as it allows the plant to store energy for times when sunlight is not available, such as at night or during periods of low light intensity.
Overall, testing a leaf for starch is a simple and effective way to understand the process of photosynthesis and the role of starch in plant metabolism. It also helps students learn how to use scientific equipment and follow experimental procedures, which are important skills for any aspiring scientist.
Interpretivism: Meaning, Positivism & Example
University of Colorado Boulder. Serpe, and Peggy A. From all these definitions, we see that communication is the initial social process that creates reality. This emic perspective means that one must view individuals as attempting to interpret situations in order to act Geertz 1973b. The perspectives The Scientific Management Principles Of Frederick Winslow Taylor corporations in the past two centuries, which has resulted in academic as well as practical development of concepts related to organizational behaviour, revolutionizing the current landscape. This was an aspect of symbolic anthropology that Geertz and Schneider never addressed in any great detail.
These organizations are either newly developing startup organizations that grow and develop over time or remain small by choice because of the desire of the management or owners such as independent small business owners. If we want to understand cause, focus on social interaction. The interpretivist paradigm developed as a critique of positivism in the social sciences Interpretivism has its roots in idealistic philosophy. Schneider on Schneider: The Conversion of the Jews and other Anthropological Stories. Labelling theorists argue that there is no consensus within society about what is deemed to be normal or acceptable behaviour.
The researchers mentions other buffering techniques such executing simple, functional, multidivisional, matrix, hybrid, and combinations of organizational designs that help create ranges of possibilities for designing and managing organizations. Humor has also been used in symbolic-interpretive as a social phenomenon which required both the sharer and the recipient to use symbolic practice in engaging their group members for the purpose of relieving the dialectical tension associated with group life. Organization and clubs in George school form basis for group discussion as arguments or as a way of interpreting, extending or clarifying a point in a discussion group. This drama can be broken into four acts. Mental phenomenon and symbolic interpretation, they argued, was scientifically untestable. Modernist perspective, then, promotes rationalism, objectivism, and individualism, nevertheless this is generally in the framework of hierarchy, of being a necessary part of the whole and superior that is the world, institution, or organization. Definition does not simply randomly happen; instead, it results from ongoing social interaction and thinking.
The University of Alabama. Ways in which group members use symbols such as objects, actions or words to represent something else as a means of communication and explains the effects of symbol usage on collective processes and outcomes, on individuals and on rational usage b. This procedure of creation is activated by the natural awareness of persons, that their particular actions, behavior, and even the symbols and artifacts they exchange together would have an impact and impact not only the dynamics in the organization or society, nevertheless inevitably, these will also transform its extremely nature as well. Constructivist, interpretivist approaches to human inquiry. When thinking of this modernistic assumption strategically, one must remember the risks that come with inefficiently planned methods can lead to improper organizational management.
Length 1 400 words max Modern symbolic interpretive perspectives provide
After virtue: A study in moral theory 2nd ed. Thirdly, interpretivists can use documentation as a data collecting technique, collecting external and internal documents, such as memos, emails, annual reports, financial statements, newspaper articles, websites, and so on — to cast further insight into a phenomenon of interest or to corroborate other forms of evidence Smith, 1993. Some of the modernization dominants originated from the classical sociology, its therefore essential to define some of the common elements of modernization Brohman, 1996, p. Through modernization organization theory and research work developed in Europe countries can easily be accessed in American organizations. The social world is therefore constructed by the meaning that individual attach to events and phenomena and these are transmitted across generations through language. How group dynamics and groups are products of symbolic interpretive theory.
Symbolic interpretivism and postmodernism Free Essays
Coca-Cola in its response evoke objectivity by saying that its plant water filters were designed to remove potential contaminants and its brands were tested for pesticides to ensure that they met minimum health standards prior to distribution Coca Cola, 2006. A World in the Making: Symbolic Interactionism in the Twentieth Century. These Business essays have been submitted to us by students in order to help you with your studies. On societal level, analysis indicates that the expansion of women numbers in higher education positively influences how much they will be pain in labor force. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press. Symbolic anthropologists have also studied other forms of social organization such as kinship and political organization. For example, Eisenhardt 1989 conducted an interpretive study of decision-making in high-velocity firms.
Interpretivism (interpretivist) Research Philosophy
There are two main, opposing philosophical positions in sociological theory: positivism and interpretivism. For boarding facilities, the school comprises of seven dormitories with separate buildings for boys and girls. Hermeneuticists originally used various methods to get at the meaning of these texts, such as through studying the meaning of terms and phrases from the document in other writings from the same era, the social and political context in which the passage was written, and the way the concepts discussed are used in other parts of the document Williams, 2000. Although the behaviour of drinking alcohol and smoking tobacco cigarettes often comes under scrutiny, it is generally considered socially acceptable. Engeström and Middleton explained the usefulness of symbolic interactionism in the communication field in a variety of work settings, including "courts of law, health care, computer software design, scientific laboratory, telephone sales, control, repair, and maintenance of advanced manufacturing systems". Words: 11356 Length: 32 Pages Topic: Sports Paper : 78725174 EPL Understanding English Premier League EPL football in India in terms of media commentaries and how they determine image of English football in this country India is a cricket crazy country but for the last few years football has become a popular game.
Case Research Case research is an intensive, longitudinal study of a phenomenon at least one research site that intends to derive detailed, contextualized inferences and understand the dynamics that underlie the phenomenon that is being studied. Since modernization theory excluded the sense of optimism and dwelled on Western-style modernity, neither of the two sociologists regarded modernization so brilliantly. Language as symbolic action: Essays on life, literature, and method. Sociology, 34 2 , 209-224. Phenomenology Phenomenology is a type of Understanding different perspectives often call for different methods of research and different ways of reporting results. The school teacher at the school has incorporated robots into teaching science, math and technology. Another technique for interpretivist data collection is observation.
This paper presented assumptions underlying the management of organizations from the two perspectives. Howard Becker: Labelling Theory 1963 Based on these findings, he established his influential labelling theory, which was later used in the Advantages and disadvantages of interpretivism Below, we will look at some advantages and disadvantages of interpretivism in sociology and sociological research. Cross-national analysis reveals that the higher levels of primary enrollment are unrelated to the various measures of economic development. In the early years, modern society was though to be composed of economic patterns such mass consumerism, high savings, capitalist work rhythms and investment rates, social factors such as urbanization rates and high literacy and psychological factors such as achievement, motivation and rationalism Brohman, 1996, p. Therefore symbolic predisposition, processes, practices and products continuously emerge during group formations and throughout the groups life. Hermeneutics Originally, the term hermeneutics referred exclusively to the study of sacred texts such as the Talmud or the Bible.
Thinking then changes the interpretation of individuals as it pertains to symbols. Abstract The basic definition of an organization is an assembly of people working together to achieve common objectives through a division of labor. Behind the epistemological stances of the two organizational perspectives there lurks an irresolvable debate on their conflicting ontologies: symbolic-interpretivists examines truth or meaning in knowledge as a subjective phenomenon whereas the modernists are more oriented to the ontological supposition of objectivity when dealing with meaning and this does not only assure the scientific process enshrined in the modernism ideals but also wards away subjectivity thus preventing it from entering into their science Neal et al, 2000. These kinds of advertisement approaches do not in any way appeal to reason. These disparities also contributed to the rise of income inequality across different societies. Australia is a multicultural society made up of individuals from various ethnic, racial and socio-economic backgrounds and it would be unrealistic to believe that we all share the same norms, beliefs and values Becker, 2001:216; Herman-Kinney, 2003:708. Theoretical Framework: The Symbolic-Interpretive Perspective Symbolic-intepretive perspective strongly reflects the symbolic-interactionist tradition, wherein realities and truths are developed based on symbols and discourses produced from interactions among people or "social actors".