The Murstein matching hypothesis, also known as the exchange theory of attraction, was first proposed by Bernard Murstein in 1972. According to this theory, individuals are attracted to and form relationships with those who are similar to them in terms of physical attractiveness, social status, education, and other personal characteristics.
One of the main ideas behind the Murstein matching hypothesis is that people are more likely to form relationships with those who are similar to them in terms of their overall level of attractiveness. This is because individuals who are highly attractive are often more selective in their choice of partners, and are therefore more likely to choose someone who is also attractive. On the other hand, individuals who are less attractive may be more likely to form relationships with those who are also less attractive.
In addition to physical attractiveness, the Murstein matching hypothesis also suggests that individuals are more likely to form relationships with those who are similar to them in terms of their social status, education, and other personal characteristics. For example, two people who are both highly educated and have high social status may be more likely to form a relationship than two individuals who have very different levels of education and social status.
There is some evidence to support the Murstein matching hypothesis. Studies have found that individuals are more likely to form relationships with those who are similar to them in terms of their physical attractiveness, education, and other personal characteristics. However, it is important to note that this is not the only factor that determines whether a relationship will be successful. Other factors, such as personality, shared interests, and compatibility, can also play a role in whether a relationship is successful.
In conclusion, the Murstein matching hypothesis suggests that individuals are more likely to form relationships with those who are similar to them in terms of their physical attractiveness, social status, education, and other personal characteristics. While there is some evidence to support this theory, it is important to recognize that other factors, such as personality and compatibility, can also play a role in the success of a relationship.
The Matching Hypothesis Essay Example
A4 paper and pens were used to record ranking scores for brides and grooms, and A4 protocol sheets were used to record class median ranking scores Appendix 1. For example, on photograph 2, 2 female participants number 19 rated the male as 7 however only rates the female 5, unlike most female participants who consistently ranked the female higher than the male. The desire of another date was determined by the attractiveness of the female, irrespective of the attractiveness of the male. . Psychological Bulletin 104 2 : 226—235. Short description: Mate selection by social desirability The matching hypothesis also known as the matching phenomenon argues that people are more likely to form and succeed in a committed relationship with someone who is equally socially desirable, typically in the form of physical attraction. The chance of acquiring a disagreement score greater than 0.
For this reason I decided to reject my alternative hypothesis and accept the null. They hypothesised that faces that look average in the population would be perceived as the most attractive. Students were asked how much they liked their date and if they wanted to see them again. I would use approximately 10 photos, as it would give an easy average to work with. Singh and Young 1995 investigated the influence of body fat, waist-to-hip ratio as well as breast size on female attractiveness to male college students. In one of the studies, the attractiveness of 60 males and 60 females were measured and their interactions were monitored.
Physical Attraction And The Matching Hypothesis Flashcards by Lauren Marshall
The influence of facial symmetry on attraction was investigated by Langlois and Roggman 1990. Weaknesses such as number of participants trouble making generalisations, age group-naturally competitive tajfel , milgram and zimbardo self selecting -good because they were more willing to participate-students weakness because they are used to obeying authority not true representation of wider society, none ever went to prison- homogenous grouping e. Furthermore, higher levels of attractiveness indicated lower levels of satisfaction with their pairing, even when they were on the same level. The participant usually chose the person rated as most attractive; however, the study has very flawed ecological validity as the relationship was certain, and in real life people wouldn't be certain hence are still more likely to choose someone of equal attractiveness to avoid possible rejection. The Halo Effect: Psychology Physical attractiveness makes us more desirable to potential partners, but it can also make us seem more likeable or even more competent. However it was found that the person was more likely to reply if they were closer to the same level of attractiveness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 37 7 : 942—954.
I could test proximity in 2 ways, the distance individuals in a real couple live from each other and how that played a role in the forming of a relationship or I could test relationships where the individuals in a couple work in the same company or organisation. I n their second experiment, they also investigated whether perfect symmetry would be preferred compared to composite images. The Halo effect was investigated by Dion et al. Murstein 1972 Murstein also found evidence that supported the matching hypothesis. The hypothesis was that male and female couples would be rated as having similar attractiveness by showing a photograph of the couple and asking participants to rate them separately in terms of attractiveness. However it was found that the person was more likely to reply if they were closer to the same level of attractiveness. In a follow up of the experiment, it was found that couples were more likely to continue interacting if they held similar attraction ratings.
An Investigation Of The Matching Hypothesis Of Interpersonal Attraction To Determine Its Role In Choice Of Marriage Partner
Suggestions for further research My hypothesis was that there would be a positive correlation between participants perceived scores of attractiveness of photographs of married couples. Examples which are relevant for females being attracted to males can include height and physique. First they were told to fill in a questionnaire, after which they were told that they had been allocated an ideal partner for the evening of the dance. The aim of the study is to investigate the matching hypothesis and to test whether there is a positive correlation between the scores of perceived attractiveness of the male and female of the married couples and also as a couple. The questionnaire included ratings of how satisfied the couples appear in their current relationship, their potential marital satisfaction, how likely is it that they will break up and how likely it is that they will be good parents. Only on photograph 4 did they seem to rate the male in conjunction with the score they gave to the female of that couple see appendix. Attraction can be due to many factors, and one of them is physical attractiveness.
Figure 1: Scatterplot of bride and groom couple median attractiveness ranking scores As the points in figure 1 gradually slope upwards from left to right, there appears to be a positive relationship between bride and groom median ranking scores. What is the role of physical beauty, and how can it influence our judgements? This is because on wedding days the bride is especially groomed to look her best- and so usually looks much better than that in everyday life. Instead, participants were randomly paired, except no man was paired with a taller woman. Figure 1 shows the class median ranking scores obtained for each bride and groom couple in the form of a scatterplot. Using this cut, the disagreements of each of the random group were examined to find the figure of disagreements above the cutting point of the existent twosomes. Sociometry 37 1 : 1—12. The testing process took several proceedingss in each instance.
‘Verify Murstein (1972) with reference to homosexual
Therefore, if further studies choose to use marriage as an indicator of a long term relationship, it should be known how long those couples have been in that relationship before they decided to get married. Introduction Physical attractiveness is characterised by many things and it is very often the reason for the formation of relationships. Thus an unattractive individual with high self esteem may not fear rejection when approaching other more attractive individuals, whilst an attractive individual with low self esteem may fear rejection even when approaching less attractive individuals. For example, bride N had a median ranking score of 17. The results from both groups were then collected and used to obtain a median class ranking.
A 5% level of significance was selected as this represents the balance between making a type one and type two error. The data was collected from an opportunity sample of sixth form students. The attractive woman was also rated as more satisfied currently and marital in the attractive couple. The aim of this study was to test the matching hypothesis of interpersonal attraction by analysing the similarity of physical attractiveness between newly married couples. Folkes 1982 analysed the behavioral steps taken to form relationships with 67 couples of a dating service.