Chapter 15 ap world history. Chapter 15: The Ferment of Reform and Culture, 1790 2022-10-24
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Chapter 15 of AP World History covers the period from 1450 to 1750, known as the Early Modern Period. This chapter focuses on the major global events and developments that occurred during this time, including the emergence of powerful global empires, the expansion of European colonization, and the impact of the Atlantic slave trade.
One of the major themes of Chapter 15 is the rise of global empires. During the Early Modern Period, several empires emerged that were able to exert significant influence on the world stage. The Ottoman Empire, which controlled much of the Middle East and Eastern Europe, was a major player in this period. The Mughal Empire, which ruled India, was another important empire of the time. The Qing Empire, which ruled China, was also a major global power during this period.
Another important theme of Chapter 15 is the expansion of European colonization. European powers, particularly Spain, Portugal, France, and England, began to establish colonies in the Americas, Africa, and Asia. This expansion was driven by a desire for resources, such as gold and silver, as well as a desire to spread Christianity. The colonization of the Americas had a significant impact on the indigenous peoples of the region, as European diseases, such as smallpox, devastated native populations.
The Atlantic slave trade was another significant development of the Early Modern Period. The demand for labor in the Americas led to the establishment of the transatlantic slave trade, in which millions of Africans were forcibly transported to the Americas to work on plantations and in mines. The slave trade had a profound impact on Africa, as it disrupted societies and led to the loss of a significant portion of the continent's population.
In conclusion, Chapter 15 of AP World History covers the major global events and developments of the Early Modern Period, including the rise of global empires, the expansion of European colonization, and the impact of the Atlantic slave trade. These events had a significant impact on the world and continue to shape the modern world today.
Chapter 15 Ap world history childhealthpolicy.vumc.org
The Portuguese never gained complete control of the Indian Ocean trade, but they did dominate it enough to bring themselves considerable profit and to break the Italian city-states monopoly on pepper. The Turks slowly started taking over west then, started taking over the south starting the crusades. In the east they overpowered Samarkand in 676AD and the Borders of India in 707AD. In many instances, the Christian religion turned out to be a valuable political tool, and overall it was a major factor in spreading Byzantine cultural influence. Men like Bolivar waged extended wars of independence against Spanish armies and their allies between 1810 and 1824.
The Mughal emperors took no action, while the Ottomans resisted and were able at least to maintain superiority in the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf. . An Industrious Revolution Many of the revolutions happened first in northwestern Europe and British North America. These transactions were considered "legitimate," rather than exporting enslaved people. Halperin makes the argument that past scholarship on the Mongols has been. Many poor Africans moved their way up and became wildly successful.
Chapter 15: The Age of European Expansion and Religious Wars
Indian Ocean States 1. Their victory and the devastating blows Timur's attacks dealt the Golden Horde two decades later effectively broke the Mongol hold over Russia. Holt, Peter Malcolm, et al. Europeans are allowed great acces to the court and riches of the "Great Khan" and it intensifies the desire for eastern goods. .
White settlers sought self-government, while free Blacks wanted to end racial discrimination among property holders without initially calling slavery into question. · In the 13 th century the Dominicans and the Franciscans were founded, and many of them later became teacher at independent colleges. · Towns grew and new ones were founded, dams and canals altered rivers, and quarries and mines covered the hills. In contrast, Europeans needed to introduce new technology and strong political control over American natives to exploit their natural resources. Explain the significance of a Spanish base in the Philippines. When Vasco da Gama arrived in Calicut in 1498, he made a very poor impression with his simple gifts. Term Cartography Definition The science or practice of making maps.
Chapter 15: The Ferment of Reform and Culture, 1790
Term Stern Post Rudder Definition Increased maneuverability. · The Medici family of Florence operated banks and controlled the government of Florence. Natives of Asia and Africa had more immunity to European diseases from earlier contact and were more able to resist militarily. Mills and Mines · By 1086, thousands of watermills had been built in England, and after 1200 mills spread rapidly. As families abandoned their farmlands and depended on wages, being idle meant having no income. Opium was an illegal substance, and the government could not tax its traffic; some officials pushed to legalize the opium trade to eliminate corruption and boost revenues. DEFINITELY NOT a mass cultural movement The ideas of the Renaissance will travel North but with a different cultural focus.
Definition 1100 Term Astrolabe Definition Used to measure the angle of the noon day sun or a known star to determine the ships latitude. Also, Italian ships were designed for the calm waters of the Mediterranean and could not stand up to the violent weather of the Atlantic. On that day, later dubbed Bastille Day, the king decided not to call out the armory, and the capital city belonged to the crowd. The janissary class had grown powerful and was the main opposition to change. And they were the physical and cultural decendants of the Romans whihc they were seeking to copy. By the 18th century, other staples, including tea, joined the long-distance trading business.
Ap World History Chapter 15 Practice Test Flashcards
· The Medici family spent large amounts of money on paintings, sculptures, and public building, and the papacy launched a program that ended with the construction of St. When the military emergency ended, enthusiasm for the fight also lost popular support. Reformers hoped their works would create a class of Indians in blood and color but English in tastes and culture. The Iberian kingdoms sponsored voyages of exploration for a number of reasons, including both the adventurous personalities of their leaders and long-term trends in European historical development: the revival of trade, the struggle with Islam for control of the Mediterranean, curiosity about the outside world, and the alliances between rulers and merchants. The Byzantine Empire was ruled by an Emperor and instead of direct rule, used civil service to effectively run the empire. · Jan van Eyck mixed pigments with linseed oil, making it dry more slowly and giving paintings a superior luster. What caused the value of silver to skyrocket in China? The conquest was also aided by the spread of smallpox among the Aztecs.
Explain the significance of a Spanish base in the 6. · Important trading fairs developed between Flanders and Northern Italy in the Champagne area of Burgundy. Cultural Achievements -The Byzantines most archeologically advanced and most beautiful building was the Hagia Sophia. How did the slave trade transform the societies of all participants? The following paragraphs will discuss the political,… Byzantines 01. After 1538, Benin purposely limited its contact with the Portuguese, declining to receive missionaries and closing the market in male slaves. Nicholas became tsar from 1825 to 1855 and brutally suppressed the insurrectionists. .
Most European cities as late as 1850 had no running water, garbage pickup, or underground sewage system. · The people building the cathedrals had little education and limited understanding of mathematics, masons sometimes miscalculated causing some cathedrals to collapse. Cards Term Feng Shui Definition A set of design principles by which people could align their living quarters with forces of nature. Dynamism:Feudalism declines Black Death Central Monarchies grow stronger taxes and territorial control. Those who could not wait for legislative reforms emigrated and abandoned their homes to seek fortunes in America, Canada, and Australia. How did treatment of Europeans in Japan change under the Tokugawa shoguns? Towards the west Islam expanded into Morocco and Spain in 708AD. It is the GLORIFICATION of the human.
Not only did the arsenal contain weapons, but it also held political prisoners. How did treatment of Europeans in Japan change under 9. . . · A class of wealthy merchant-bankers specialized in money changing, loans, and making investments during the 15 th century. · Scholasticism was the effort to synthesize religion and faith, 13 th century theologians sought to synthesize the works of Aristotle and Avicenna with the Bible. Dominance of the Americas by Spain and Portugal was aided by the native populations vulnerability to European disease and by the superior weaponry of Europe.