Modernisation speaking topic. Modernization Theory 2022-10-11
Modernisation speaking topic
Modernization is a term that refers to the process of transforming a society from a traditional or pre-modern state to a more modern, industrialized, and urbanized one. This process involves a number of changes in various aspects of society, such as economic structures, social relations, culture, and technology. Modernization has had a significant impact on the way people live, work, and interact with each other, and it has shaped the course of human history.
One of the most significant effects of modernization is the transformation of the economy. Traditional societies are typically agrarian, with a large portion of the population engaged in agriculture and other primary industries. Modernization, on the other hand, brings about the development of secondary and tertiary industries, such as manufacturing, services, and technology. This shift from agriculture to industry is known as industrialization, and it has led to a significant increase in productivity and wealth.
In addition to economic changes, modernization has also brought about significant social changes. As societies modernize, traditional social structures and relationships tend to break down, and people become more individualistic. This can lead to greater social mobility and the erosion of traditional hierarchies, but it can also lead to social isolation and a decline in community ties.
Another aspect of modernization is the change in culture. As societies modernize, traditional cultural practices and beliefs are often challenged and replaced by more modern values and ideas. This can lead to a loss of cultural diversity and a homogenization of culture, but it can also bring about new forms of artistic expression and cultural innovation.
Finally, modernization has also brought about significant technological changes. The development of new technologies has greatly increased the efficiency and productivity of societies, but it has also led to rapid changes in the way people communicate and interact with each other. The proliferation of the internet and social media has transformed the way we connect with others, and it has also raised new questions about privacy and security.
In conclusion, modernization is a complex and ongoing process that has had a significant impact on the way societies function. While it has brought about many positive changes, it has also had its share of negative consequences. As societies continue to modernize, it is important to consider both the benefits and the potential drawbacks, and to strive for a balance between the two.
English Speaking Practice: 20 Conversation Topics
How long would you like to live? What do you like to do when you go out? The first stage of modernisation: traditional societies Initially, the local economy in 'traditional societies' remains dominated by subsistence agricultural production. Bernhard Irrgang professor of the philosophy of technology at TU Dresden teaches courses in philosophy of technology and bio—and hermeneutic ethics in the Institute for Philosophy at Dresden University of Technology Germany. Do you spend or save? What kinds of shops are there where you live? To give an illustration of what I mean, let us look at the case of old historic buildings. Many young professionals are taking the opportunity to get on the property ladder but for the average person, many years of renting is needed to save enough for a deposit. It is debatable to identify which traditional and orthodox elements in India have to be cast off and which have to be retained.
IELTS Speaking Topic Accommodation: Sample questions and answers
The compensation theory which goes back to Joachim Ritter considers human sciences as an addition to natural-technological development. Moreover a problem is the fact that tradition plays a much more important role for cultural development than it does in Europe. The though of progress as a paradigm of the first modernization was intuitively there even though it was controversial. Despite the overwhelming pressures of modernisation, some communities have vigorously maintained their traditions and cultural structures, thus attracting a lot of interest from other communities who constantly pay them a visit to explore their unique cultural identities Abbas, 2012. Samir Amin estimated the amount of surplus transferred from poor to rich countries via unequal exchange to be 1.
Modernisation Theory: Overview & Examples
American Journal of Public Health, 94 12 , 203-2070. Heteronomous transfers meet culturally motivated resistance or are ignored, whereas the circumstances of technology transfer are a bit different. Thus, modernization has a broaden connotation and westernization is simply a part of this larger process of social change. It is not the aim to compete with ethnology and to become an ethnographer or ethnologist. Do you think humanity is headed in a good direction? Music What kind of music are you into? What are the most significant changes facing humanity right now 15. Do you think men and women have different opinions about shopping? How do you usually get online? The task of mediation of self- and foreign interpretation of technological action and technological products has to be changed to a reflexive foreign interpretation.
Subaltern Studies, modernisation and speaking
Alline: The trend for parents with young children to relocate from a metropolis apartment to more suburban areas with less concrete walls and a more park-friendly environment is widespread in many countries. For example, car plants or conveyor belts, etc. Do most people in your country follow fashion? Where do most young people like to go out in your country? Why did you choose that subject? Do you like that subject? As far as modernization theory is concerned, science is seen as exceptional and different from other institutions in Western developed countries, and is assumed to be independent of and invariant to the limitations of contexts of interpretation and use, and further is viewed as a search, by means of generating objective and rational knowledge claims, for empirical truths and universal laws. What is the most popular sport in your country? Most of these models targeted investment. It is a process, in which many different inventions from different sources are being combined to a joint cultural basis. Modernization in the sense of enlightenment includes efforts in the pedagogical area and education of illiterates both in the home country and in colonies.
The new technologies developed in the west, especially in the area of energy are very cost-intensive. They are connected to technological and social innovations, which have been there for a while and appear now in greater numbers. Not technological functionality is decoded in a different cultural way, but the embedding of or dealing with it, without which a machine would not be functioning. This means the modern age turns to be an unavoidable destiny for them. The compensation thesis cements at the same time the myth of the two cultures. Prepare your daily life, your recent memories, your childhood memories, your opinions, popular things in your country etc.
Modernisation: Introduction, Meaning, Concept and Other Details
You are VERY LIKELY to get one of these four for your first topic. ADVERTISEMENTS: All these do not connote modernity, rather they constitute a blind apeing of English or western culture in India. Noise Do you live in a noisy area? How are the walls decorated? And obviously it is more compatible with cultural traditions and the introduced term of technological know-how than the process of industrialization. How did you get started? The Brazilian economist Fernando Henrique Cardoso found the notion of the development of underdevelopment a neat play on words, but not helpful in concrete terms. In 2000, Sachs calculated the amount of money required to fight and eradicate poverty, finding that it would need 0. What would you change about your home? III Moral transfer and maybe even ethics transfer is in general being rejected as Americanization. A country's economy flourishes in a capitalist market, marked by mass production and consumerism.
Modernization theory also seems to be unmindful of the fact that much of the knowledge and technology critical for national development and national competitiveness are within the domain of proprietary knowledge production. Who are you closest to in your family? How was your weekend? Studies of the nexus of capitalism, development, populations, and ecologies stressed how oppression and injustice are linked to environmental transformation and change, the industrial geographies of resource extraction and capitalism's creations of surplus Di Leonardo 1991, Seager 1993. Do you think using bicycles should be encouraged? Have you ever worn a uniform? Do you have your own computer? In this context the new form of modernization cannot be identified with de-acceleration but it is another acceleration of innovations. The singular trajectory of the African state generates multiple challenges to understanding, and divergent responses. Numerous people think that modernization should not be taken as a trade-off for our traditional cultures. In other words, all societies, once engaged in the modernization process, follow a predetermined sequence of developmental stages: traditional economies, transition to takeoff, takeoff itself, drive to maturity, age of high consumption, and postindustrial society Chirot and Hall, 1982: 82. How can we stop bullying? Is the weather the same in all parts of your country? Especially the thought of technological competence, which gains importance with the new technological revolution, can be combined at this stage with the traditional approach of technology as arts.
Advantages and disadvantages of modernization
I am not tempted by an extravagant, designer or flashy décor but prefer something understated with stripped or varnished wood floors, a kitchen made from recycled wood, and open shelves to display my valuable collection of ceramic pottery which was my grandmother's. At least these rules can be transferred and taught, even if the practice itself is not always transferable. What is your neighbourhood like? What do you think of fast food? Innovative technological development is a part of modernization since the late 18th century in Europe Irrgang, 2002b. Have you always liked the same food? The steam engine brings an industrial society in which the bourgeoisie becomes the dominant elite, exploiting and repressing an urban proletariat. Collectivism as a barrier to development People are expected to put the interests of the group ahead of themselves. Do you think it is important to have a good relationship with your neighbours? The starting point for the understanding of such embedding phenomena is the theory of path-depending development. IELTS speaking part 1 topics and questions.