Southernization by lynda shaffer summary. Lynda Shaffer: Southernization Analysis 2022-10-10
Southernization by lynda shaffer summary Rating:
Southernization is a term coined by historian Lynda Shaffer to describe the spread of southern culture and practices throughout the world during the early modern period. In her book "Southernization," Shaffer argues that the southern region of the world, which includes countries such as Spain, Portugal, Italy, and the Ottoman Empire, played a major role in shaping the modern world.
According to Shaffer, the southern region was able to exert a strong influence on the rest of the world due to its abundant resources, advanced technology, and cultural diversity. For example, the southern region was home to a number of major trade routes, including the Silk Road and the Indian Ocean trade network, which connected it to the rest of the world. The southern region was also home to many advanced technologies, such as the compass, gunpowder, and papermaking, which were adopted and spread by other societies.
Additionally, the southern region was home to a diverse array of cultures, religions, and languages, which allowed for the exchange of ideas and knowledge. This cultural exchange led to the spread of southern ideas and practices, such as the adoption of southern crops, like sugar, cotton, and tobacco, by other societies.
Shaffer's concept of southernization is particularly relevant today, as the world has become increasingly interconnected and globalization has brought about the spread of culture and ideas on a global scale. The southern region's influence on the modern world is still evident in the widespread adoption of southern crops, technologies, and cultural practices, as well as in the lasting impact of southern empires on global politics and culture.
Overall, Lynda Shaffer's concept of southernization highlights the important role that the southern region has played in shaping the modern world and underscores the importance of cultural exchange in the development of human societies.
A Literary Analysis of the Article on Southernization by Lynda Shaffer
Lynda Shaffer has a theory called Southernization. It is most likely that the Arabs introduced the compass into Mediterranean waters. The Tang dynasty, when Buddhist influence in China was especially strong, saw two exceedingly important technological innovations — the invention of printing and gunpowder. Chinese records indicate that by the 3rd century B. In southern China, the further development of rice production brought significant changes in the landscape. The Arabs were the first to import large numbers of enslaved Africans in order to produce sugar. The wind patterns are such that sailors who ride the monsoon south as far as Kilwa can catch the return monsoon to the Red Sea areas within the same year.
Those included are the development of mathemat- ics; the production and marketing of subtropical or tropical spices; the pioneering of new trade routes; the cultivation, processing, and marketing of south- ern crops such as sugar and cot ton; and the devel- opment of various related technologies. The compass was a very beneficial invention to Europe that ultimately caused to the Rise of the West. Sugar, however, did not become an important item of trade until the Indians discovered how to turn sugarcane juice into granulated crystals that could be easily stored and transported. In the 1 century CE Egypt became an important st overseas market for Indian cottons. By 581, when the Chinese empire was reunited under the Sui dynasty, processes associated with southernization had already had a major impact on China.
The Concept and Process of Southernization in Southernization, a Book by Lynda Shaffer
. Southernization is the theory that the non-West is enhanced by the ideas of the West through interaction and trade. The term southernization is meant to be analogous to westernization. They could discern the presence of an island some 30 miles from its shore by noting the behavior of the birds, the animal and plant life in the water, and the swell and wave patterns. By the time of the Gupta kings, several of its constitu- ent parts already had a long history in India.
Gunpowder would give central government much more power and remove power from nobles, and the printing press would facilitate the spread of information much faster to many more people. Full southernization, and the wealth we now associate with northwestern Europe, came about only after their outright seizure of tropical and subtropical territories as they rounded Africa and participated in the Southern Ocean trade. This was important for exploration because you knew almost exactly where you were so you were not always exploring the same lands. The Indian zero made the place value system of writing numbers superior to all others. When Adam descended from Paradise, it was to their land that he made his way. What is the main idea of Southernization by Lynda Shaffer? Printing seems to have developed within the walls of Buddhist monasteries between 700 and 750, and southwestern China was one of the earliest centers of the art.
By the next century, there was a strong demand for these textiles, both in the Mediterranean and in East Africa, and by the 5th century, they were being traded in Southeast Asia. Southernization was well under way in Southern Asia by the 5th century, C. When Adam descended from Paradise, it was to their land that he made his way. Both helped to govern its people in a fair and just manner. The process included so many interrelated strands of development that it is impossible to do more here than sketch out the general outlines of a few of them.
What is the main idea of Southernization by Lynda Shaffer?
Both in China and in the Islamic lands, the process led to dramatic changes, and by the year 1200, it was beginning to have an impact on the Christian Mediterranean. Until the British Industrial Revolution of the 18th century, no other place equaled the iron production of Song China. They are intelligent and courageous. Without it, the use of this system, base ten or otherwise, was fraught with difficulties and did not seem any better than alternative systems. In the last century B. The 6th century Byzantine geographer Cosmas Indicopleustes described Ethiopian merchants who went to some location inland from the East African coast to obtain gold.
Those developments changed Europe and eventually spread to other places and changed them as well. Portugal And Spanish Influence On American Culture 599 Words 3 Pages After years of peasantry and disease, Europe was ready for an economic and cultural upturn. And one might even go so far as to suggest that in Europe and its colonies, the process of southernization laid the foundation for westernization. By about 400 C. The term southernization is meant tobe analogousto westernization. In the 8th century, various elements characteristic of southernization began spreading through the lands of the Muslim caliphates.
The most significant feature of the Indian system was the invention of the zero as a number concept. By the time of the Gupta kings, several of its constituent parts already had a long history in India. The imperial center of gravity was clearly in the north, and the southern part of China was perceived as a frontier area. Their presence in East African waters is testified to by the peoples of Madagascar, who still speak a Malay-Polynesian language. During this time, Indus River Valley merchants are known to have lived in Mesopotamia, where they sold cotton textiles.