Reasons for floods in india. Top 3 reasons for floods in Bihar 2022-10-03
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Floods are a common occurrence in India, and they can have devastating consequences for the affected communities. There are several reasons why floods occur in India, and understanding these reasons can help us to better prepare for and mitigate the impacts of these events.
One of the main reasons for floods in India is the country's monsoon season. India has a tropical climate, and the monsoon season is characterized by heavy rainfall and strong winds. The monsoon season usually lasts from June to September, and it is during this time that many parts of the country experience heavy rainfall and flooding. The intensity and duration of the monsoon season can vary from year to year, and this can have a significant impact on the likelihood and severity of floods.
Another reason for floods in India is the country's geography. India is located in a region of the world that is prone to flooding, and many parts of the country are low-lying and prone to inundation. This means that even relatively moderate amounts of rainfall can lead to widespread flooding in some areas. In addition, India has a large number of rivers and streams, which can overflow their banks and cause flooding during periods of heavy rainfall.
A third reason for floods in India is the inadequate infrastructure in many parts of the country. Many parts of India have poorly developed or outdated flood control systems, which can make it difficult to effectively manage and mitigate the impacts of floods. In addition, many of the country's urban areas are not properly prepared for flooding, with inadequate drainage systems and a lack of flood-proofing measures in place.
Finally, climate change is also playing a role in the frequency and severity of floods in India. As the planet warms, many parts of the world are experiencing more extreme weather events, including more intense and frequent rainfall. This can lead to more frequent and severe floods in India, as well as other parts of the world.
In conclusion, there are several reasons why floods occur in India, including the country's monsoon season, its geography, inadequate infrastructure, and the impacts of climate change. Understanding these factors is critical to effectively preparing for and mitigating the impacts of floods in India.
Floods in India: Reasons & Damage Control measures
Areas with poor drainage, like Punjab and Haryana, which are also intensively cultivated with a high level of assured irrigation and use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides, are vulnerable to salination once the flood waters evaporate during the warm season that follows the rains. Increased frequency and impacts of floods are also on the rise in urban areas. The statistical analysis specifies the fact that 40% of the total deaths due to natural disasters fall under the category of Floods in India. Flattening of the surface will affect the general flowing pattern of the water. The unregulated water release causes floods in the plains, which destroys property and homes of thousands of people. We might earn affiliate commission if you make a purchase through links on our website.
The Godavari and Krishna rivers have a serious drainage problem and face flooding, especially as a result of cyclonic storms. Heavy floods occur in the Godavari, the Krishna the Pennar and the Cauvery at long intervals and flood problem is generally serious. The growth of concrete surfaces all over the world is very much evident to us. The floods were widespread and caused damage to life and property on the west coast including Mumbai, and submerged the Kaziranga National Park in the state of Assam in north-eastern India. Earthquake and Landslide: Sometimes it has been found that the river changes its course after the natural calamities like earthquake, landslide which causes a flood in the same region. Floods in India are of major concern in agriculture, civil engineering, and public health.
Another state where floods cause heavy human as well as economic losses every year is Jammu and Kashmir. Mumbai has observed an unprecedented growth see map in the last few decades, methodically constructing on its mangrove forests. Usually, we can see these types of floods in the West Coast Region of West Ghat, Assam and the sub-Himalayan plains of West Bengal and Indo-Gangetic. Introduction Urban flooding has been quite a disastrous phenomenon in Indian cities. In 2018, the some areas of the state could not be reached by train or by roads, as they were completely submerged. As a result water from the SWD has not been released into the lake and resulting into heavy water logging on the busy Bannerghatta stretch. Apart from natural causes, in the disaster of flood to occur, humans too lay a great role.
Outbreak of diseases: Lack of proper drinking water facilities, contamination of water well, ground water, piped water supply leads to out break of epidemics like diarrhoea, viral infection, malaria and many other infectious diseases. The states of Assam, Kerala and Bihar are the worst affected every year, with floods wreaking havoc in the lives of the people. . Heavy rainfall: It is the primary cause for floods in India. Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike BBMP Special Commissioner Trilok Chandra said that a few properties have come up on the drain, leading to the inundation of Rainbow Drive Layout.
Planning Tank - An associate of Out of Scale India Pvt. Causes of Urban Floods Occurrence of floods can be attributed to many reasons including a steep increase in population, rapid urbanization, growing developmental and economic activities in flood plains coupled with global warming. All these scenarios led to the stocking of water on the roads and other non-porous surfaces. Cyclone and Strong Winds: Parts of the eastern coast of India are particularly prone to cyclones during October-November. Infrastructure that is old can fail when rainfall is intense and water levels rise. The Yamuna is famous for flooding Haryana and Delhi. With the approach of having sustainable development, the cities will always fall prey to such disastrous situations.
The drain will be constructed on a public-private model. The strengthening of the laws and policies will assist in preventing the degradation of natural resources. Downstream of the Tibreni, the Sapt Kosi flows through a narrow gauge of 11km, before spreading over the Gangetic plains. Both of these sectors get seriously affected every time a flood hits different parts of India. There has been widespread devastation in Nagaon, Hojai, Cachar and Darrang, but the worst-affected has been the techie town of Silchar in the Barak Valley where the situation is said to be grim. One of the crucial challenges in this section is the lack of awareness among the people. The loss of loved ones or homes might take an emotional toll, especially on children.
Apart from these, most of the rivers in the northern states like Punjab and Uttar Pradesh are also vulnerable to occasional floods. Climate change has been a factor here also, like in case of many other such disasters. Often, major floods will result in dislocation and dysfunction of normal life even after the flood waters recede. This information must lead to wisdom on what could be done. Heavy rains lead to a rise in volume of the river load, which causes change in river course.
By Express News Service NEW DELHI: Come monsoon and Assam braces for a complete disruption of life every year. However, the amount of flood-prone land increased to 6. In the year 1914, Bengal and Bihar faced floods. Sometimes, Tamil Nadu experiences flooding during November-January due to the retreating monsoon. This year has been no exception.
There have been 285 reported flooding events in India over 1950-2017 affecting about 850 million people, leaving 19 million homeless and causing the deaths of about 71,000 people. The India Meteorological Department IMD has said that in August this year, Bengaluru received 370 mm of rainfall, falling only a little short of the all-time record of 387. In the northwest basin covering Jharkhand and Himachal Pradesh, Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, and Chenab are causing floods in a large area. This has a long-term effect on land use along river courses. Floods occur periodically in Jhelum and its tributaries, causing an increase in water level in the lake, which sometimes threatens Srinagar. The major causes of flood in India are incessant rainfalls, cyclones, and inadequate drainage systems. Also Read: Conclusion The management of urban floods has become crucial with time owing to the current climate change issues.