# Deductive method vs inductive method. "Inductive" vs. "Deductive" 2022-10-31

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The deductive method and the inductive method are two fundamental approaches to reasoning and problem-solving that are commonly used in a variety of fields, including science, mathematics, and philosophy. While both methods can be useful in different situations, they differ in their fundamental approaches to understanding and explaining the world around us.

The deductive method involves starting with a general principle or theory and using logical reasoning to arrive at a specific conclusion. This approach is often used in mathematics, where a set of axioms and definitions are used to prove theorems and solve problems. In science, the deductive method is often used to test hypotheses and make predictions based on established laws and theories.

For example, if we start with the principle that all cats have fur, and we observe a particular animal that has fur, we can logically deduce that this animal is a cat. In this case, the general principle (all cats have fur) is used to draw a specific conclusion (the animal is a cat).

In contrast, the inductive method involves starting with specific observations or data and using these observations to form a general principle or theory. This approach is often used in scientific research, where data is collected through experiments or observations and used to develop theories or models that can explain the phenomena being studied.

For example, if we observe a large number of cats and find that they all have fur, we may conclude that all cats have fur. In this case, the specific observations (all the cats we observed have fur) are used to form a general principle (all cats have fur).

While both the deductive method and the inductive method can be useful in different situations, they have some key differences. The deductive method is generally considered to be more certain and reliable, since it relies on logical reasoning and established principles. However, it can be limited in its scope, as it can only be used to draw conclusions that are logically entailed by the starting principles.

On the other hand, the inductive method is more flexible and open-ended, as it allows for the formation of new theories and ideas based on observations. However, it can be less certain and reliable, since it is based on incomplete or limited data and may be subject to interpretation.

In conclusion, the deductive method and the inductive method are two fundamentally different approaches to reasoning and problem-solving that have their own strengths and limitations. While the deductive method is more certain and reliable, the inductive method is more flexible and open-ended. Both methods can be useful in different situations and are important tools for understanding and explaining the world around us.

## Inductive vs Deductive Approach: Which is More Effective?

The second idea is to use both approaches in a parallel fashion. Premises: This volcano has erupted about every 500 years for the last 1 million years. Procedure In deduction, the researcher starts from a few indisputable facts about human nature and deduces or draws inferences from them about concrete individual cases. Difference between inductive and deductive method Inductive method Deductive method It is a way of reasoning starting from a series of particular observations that allow the production of general laws and conclusions. It begins with a capital letter and ends in a full stop. In the latter half of the 19th century, there was a bitter controversy between the Classical School of Britain and The Historical School of Germany.

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## Group 6 Part childhealthpolicy.vumc.org

Do you see the difference? In the seventeenth century, the inductive method was reevaluated by Francisco Bacone, contributing to the birth of modern scientific research, based on observation and experimentation. Once you have a theory, you'll want to test it to see if it's valid and your conclusions are sound. Perhaps this makes his arguments and process seem more deductive. This process is useful and important because I cannot teach and talk to everyone in the world. Following deductive reasoning, we start from one or more theoretical premises of a general nature, and through the observation of the phenomena we come to deduce some particular conditions that are the logical consequence. In deductive reasoning there is a first premise, then a second premise and finally an inference a conclusion based on reasoning and evidence.

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## Deductive and Inductive Methods of Economics (Merits and Demerits)

For instance, the generalisations of the classicists were based on inadequate data and their theories were refuted. The researcher will make their observations, take notes, and come up with a theory that they want to test. Whereas, Deductive reasoning is the process of reasoning that starts from general statements to reach a logical conclusion. Then we make an observation develop a premise about a particular example of our data set Socrates. . There are two types of research methods: inductive and deductive. Experimental induction is relatively less used in economics but statistical induction has been getting a vital place in economic research.

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## Deductive and inductive method

If the hypothesis is not confirmed, it can be argued that the hypothesis was correct but the results are contradictory due to special circumstances. ADVERTISEMENTS: 1 Selecting the problem: The problem which an investigator selects for enquiry must be stated clearly. But economic conditions are continuously changing. The laws or generalizations drawn by inductive may not apply and be adopted universally. The best example of inductive reasoning in economics is the formulation of the generalisation of diminishing returns. If you want to be able to explore a topic in-depth and discover new insights and theory, then inductive research is probably a better choice. You can try and answer them randomly or by reading what others think.

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## Inductive vs. Deductive Research Approach

This premise is based on a priori knowledge which will continue to be accepted so long as conclusions deduced from it are consistent with the facts. For example, if someone is struggling with a subject matter, you can ask a question that will lead them down a path towards understanding or help them discover something new about it themselves. Scientific discovery is based on observation, interpretation, and applicationâ€”the examination of how the parts relate to the whole. And the arguments are sound when the conclusion, following those valid arguments, is true. Then, the same activity is carried out with another triangle, and the result is the same, 180Âº.

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## Deduction vs. Induction: The Difference (And Why Both Matter)

There is greater student participation in the inductive method. They are encouraged to take part in active learning and they can also take notes. When a Scottish farmer found that in the cultivation of his field an increase in the amount of labour and capital spent on it was bringing in less than proportionate returns year after year, an economist observed such instances in the case of a number of other farms, and then he arrived at the generalisation that is known as the Law of Diminishing Returns. Deduction history The origins and history of the deductive method: The Greek philosopher Aristotle uses the deductive method to build the concept of the Aristotelian syllogism, on the basis of which from two general statements a particular conclusion can be reached following logical reasoning. So, do not forget to subscribe to their mailing list and stay up to date with all the latest news and information for teachers. The inductive approach focuses on how students learn best. The mathematically trained economist is able to deduce inferences in a short time and make analogies with other generalisations and theories.

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## What Is the Difference Between an Inductive and Deductive Method of Teaching?

They can then be encouraged to convert active to passive by themselves. The researcher would then develop a hypothesis about how stress affects health. More so, when he uses mathematics or econometrics. In induction, two forms of experimentation and a statistical approach are considered to test the validity of laws or generalizations arrived as a result of deductive reasoning by resorting to the study of facts. Now, if you need to conduct some research, you should have a better idea of where to start â€” and where to go from there. Still, the larger your dataset, the more reliable your conclusions.

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## Difference between inductive and deductive method/definition

Further, the hypothetical conditions are so chosen as to make the problem very simple, and then inferences are deduced from them. It follows the top-down approach of the study. The Greek philosopher Aristotle credits Socrates with having discovered the inductive method. You might develop the following hypothesis: People who listen to happy music will feel happier themselves. Again, thousands of Corgis are better than four I mean, always, amiright? Inductive teaching sometimes known as inquiryor discoveryteaching involves giving the students examples of language and working with them to come up with grammatical rules. We then work out the relationship in these simplified systems and by introducing more and more complete assumptions, finally work up to the consideration of reality itself.

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## Inductive and deductive method

First, the interior angles of a triangle are added and it is noted that these give 180Âº as a result. Merits of Deductive Method: The deductive method has many advantages. While in the inductive method, the teacher acts more like a guide. When creating new courses, I often talk with students personally and send out surveys to substantiate my deductive assumptions about what they want I need. Inductive method Deductive method Definition It is a way of reasoning based on a series of particular observations that allow the production of general laws and conclusions. Building a theory is the ending result of induction. Deductive research is a type of research that starts with a general theory the result of inductive research and then uses that theory to make predictions about specific cases.

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## Inductive VS Deductive Reasoning

Inductive reason involves indirect observation based on larger pools of data that usually cannot provide a complete picture. What can you conclude with deductive reasoning? New Delhi: Vrinda Publications P LTD. During scientific reasoning, true logic can be stressed through deduction as well as induction. If you're conducting research on a topic, you'll use various strategies and methods to gather information and come to a conclusion. For example, look where this first incorrect statement leads us: all animals that lay eggs are birds; snakes lay eggs; therefore, snakes are birds. For this, it uses statistical methods. In this method, we proceed to the observation of facts, information, classification and study of the facts and through them we come to formulate a hypothesis that explains, which gives a general logical sense to the observed phenomena.

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