Medical marijuana legalization has been a controversial topic in the United States for decades. Despite being legal in many states, marijuana remains a Schedule I controlled substance at the federal level, meaning it is considered to have a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use. However, an increasing body of evidence suggests that marijuana has significant medical benefits and should be legal for medical use.
One of the main arguments for medical marijuana legalization is that it can provide relief for people suffering from chronic pain. Many prescription painkillers, such as opioids, are highly addictive and can have serious side effects. In contrast, marijuana has been shown to be effective in reducing chronic pain, and it has a much lower risk of addiction and side effects. This is particularly important for people who have conditions that cause chronic pain, such as cancer or multiple sclerosis, as well as for those who have had injuries that result in chronic pain.
Medical marijuana can also be effective in treating other conditions, such as epilepsy and multiple sclerosis. In these cases, marijuana can reduce the frequency and severity of seizures, as well as improve muscle spasms and spasticity. It has also been shown to be effective in reducing the symptoms of Crohn's disease, an inflammatory bowel disease that can cause severe abdominal pain and diarrhea.
Another argument for medical marijuana legalization is that it can help to reduce the burden on the healthcare system. Many people with chronic pain and other conditions rely on prescription medications, which can be expensive and may not be covered by insurance. In contrast, marijuana is often less expensive and may be covered by insurance in states where it is legal for medical use. This can help to reduce the financial burden on individuals and the healthcare system as a whole.
There are also economic benefits to medical marijuana legalization. Legalizing marijuana for medical use can create new job opportunities, as well as generate revenue through taxes on marijuana sales. This can be particularly important in states where the economy is struggling, as the legalization of medical marijuana could provide a much-needed boost.
Despite the potential benefits of medical marijuana legalization, there are also valid concerns about the potential risks and negative consequences. For example, there are concerns about the potential for marijuana to be abused, particularly by young people. There is also a risk that marijuana could be sold to people who do not have a legitimate medical need for it. However, these risks can be mitigated through proper regulation and control of the marijuana industry, as well as through education and prevention efforts.
In conclusion, medical marijuana legalization is a complex and controversial issue, but the evidence suggests that it has significant medical benefits and should be legal for medical use. While there are valid concerns about the potential risks and negative consequences, these can be addressed through proper regulation and control of the marijuana industry. Overall, the potential benefits of medical marijuana legalization, including relief for people suffering from chronic pain and other conditions, as well as economic and healthcare system benefits, make it an important issue that should be carefully considered by policymakers and the public.
Analysis of Enzymes Using Peroxidase
Guaiacol is oxidized in the process of converting the peroxide and becomes brown. An example of an enzyme catalyzed reaction is enzymatic hydrolysis of an artificial substrate, o-Nitrophenylgalactoside ONPG used in place of lactose. Peroxidase, a common enzyme within many forms of life, helps catalyze the detoxification reaction of H? Why is horseradish peroxidase important? The peroxidase enzyme catalyzes the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide into water and molecular oxygen see illustration. Is hydrogen peroxide natural? The enzyme had an optimum temperature of 30 degrees C and was stable even after a heat treatment at 70 degrees C for 30 min. The y-axis shows the absorbance of the assay solutions, and the x-axis depicts time it took for the reaction to occur in seconds.
Reactions And Results Of The Turnip Root Peroxidase Enzyme
In the substrate tube, add 7 mL of distilled water, 0. Macromolecule Lab 486 Words 2 Pages A simple change in temperature, a molecule out of place, and a sudden change in the pH level are just some of the things that can harm an enzyme 's reaction rate the speed at which a chemical reaction proceeds 5. From the results, you can clearly see that the enzyme activity was at its most optimal when at 200uL. My hypothesis is that the extremes in concentration, temperature and pH will negatively affect the Au rate. This compound is basically water with an oxygen molecule, expressed in chemical nomenclature as H202. Hydrogen peroxide was the substrate solution in the experiment. Many organisms are capable of enzymatically destroying the H 2O 2 before it can do much damage.
Use a SpectroVis Plus or Colorimeter to Monitor Turnip Peroxidase
In experiment one our results showed that the higher concentration of an enzyme the higher the activity of reactions occurred with the substrate. The color change can be recorded as a change in absorbency on an instrument called a spectrophotometer. On the other hand optimum ph and temperature and suitable salt concentration may favour the amylase activity. On the other hand, if you have an extreme amount of substrate. This exercise uses turnip extract as a source of peroxidase. How do you test for peroxidase? Horseradish Peroxidase Lab Report 1090 Words 5 Pages ABSTRACT To catalyze a reaction, an enzyme will grab on bind to one or more reactant molecules. Using buffers pH3, 5, 7, and 9 the same amount of water, enzymes, and substrate was added to each solution.
Start the data-collection program, and then choose New from the File menu. We recorded the saturation level of the solution every 15 seconds for 3 minutes. In future experiments to prevent these errors from occurring one could thoroughly clean the equipment before performing the experiment and create a 15 second timer for recording data accurately. In this case, a colorless organic compound called guaiacol is used. Background information: The function of enzymes is to speed up the biochemical reaction by lowering the activation energy, they do this by colliding with the substrate. The enzyme represented by a hand had to catalyze as many substrates as possible represented by toothpicks within 60 seconds. Enzymes act as catalysts, substances that speed up chemical reactions.
Effects of pH on Amylase Activity. Just like temperature and pH, substrate concentration can speed the reaction only up to a certain limit. Sucrase will have the greatest activity at pH 6 2. Why does TMB turn blue? Amylase increases the rate of reaction by decreasing the activation energy needed to hydrolyse the starch molecules. In this experiment we used Turnip Peroxidase as our enzyme. The experiment was to show if the concentration of enzyme would have a major effect in reaction activity if the amount of substrate stayed the same. As a result of the guiacol being oxidized, a reddish-brown color is formed indicating oxidized guaiacol has been formed.
The amount of each substance is given on page 6 of the lab handout. If your predictions were not supported, explain what may have caused your observed results. Optimum temperature for stomach proteases was 35°C and remained highly stable, while optimum temperature for intestinal proteases was 45°C, with high stability between 35-55°C. A specific substrate binds to the active site of the enzyme chemically and structurally 4. The results of this experiment demonstrated that the performance of hydrogen peroxidase was greatly affected by all three factors, temperature, concentration level, and pH. What is the pH level of turnips? One commonly used enzyme conjugate in ELISA is horseradish peroxidase. The data led us to believe that turnip plants must live in a very neutral environment without extreme environmental parameters.
Results Figure one depicts the reaction rate of peroxidase enzyme over time. The experiment shows that the reaction rate is much higher due to the amount of oxidation occurring. Add the substrate solution to the enzyme solution and mix 2-3 times by pipetting up and down. However, enzyme activity will slowly diminish once the substrate has been oxidized. Fresh potato shows an interesting chemical activity. Neither Achieve nor the lead states and partners that developed the Next Generation Science Standards were involved in the production of this product, and do not endorse it. Our results showed optimum temperature is 40 °C for both peroxidase activity.
Such potentially important applications suffer however from the fact that the enzyme becomes quickly inactivated during phenol oxidation and polymerization. An enzyme is a biological catalyst made up of proteins. After calculating the velocities, plot a Michaelis-Menten graph of velocity vs. All enzymes are under the class of protein biomolecule. Place the cuvette in the spectrophotometer. The maximum PPO enzyme activity from buriti pulp observed at pH 7. If the pH level is lower than 7 or higher than 11, the enzyme becomes denaturated and loses its structure.
As a hemoprotein, hemoglobin Hb can, in the presence of H 2O 2, act as a peroxidase. An enzymes shape is critical Bio Chem: Lab Report Of Amylase In Enzyme 916 Words 4 Pages In this experiment , we can prove that the temperature, pH and salt are the factors that will affect the structure and function of the enzyme as it is a kind of protein. Turnips have an 8. You should consider preparing a fresh stock. These results were recorded by taking the materials in a test tube, then inserting them into a spectrophotometer to record the oxidation intensity of color change from clear to reddish-brown over a course of two minutes to observe color change.