Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies notes. Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies: EVS Notes, MCQ, PDF 2022-10-11
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Operation Condor was a campaign of political repression and state terror that was carried out by several South American military dictatorships during the 1970s. The countries involved in this campaign were Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay. The goal of Operation Condor was to eliminate left-wing political opposition and to suppress any form of dissent in these countries.
The origins of Operation Condor can be traced back to the early 1970s, when several South American military dictatorships came to power through coups d'état. These dictatorships were supported by the United States and were part of a larger effort to counter the perceived threat of communism in the region. In 1975, the leaders of these countries met in Santiago, Chile to discuss ways to coordinate their efforts to eliminate left-wing opposition. This meeting resulted in the creation of Operation Condor.
One of the most significant aspects of Operation Condor was its use of cross-border kidnappings, torture, and assassination to target political opponents. This campaign of repression was carried out by secret police forces and military units in each of the participating countries. Many of the victims of Operation Condor were kidnapped in one country and then taken to another country, where they were tortured and killed. In some cases, the victims' bodies were then thrown into the sea or buried in unmarked graves.
The effects of Operation Condor were devastating. Thousands of people were killed or went missing as a result of this campaign of repression. The victims of Operation Condor included not only political activists, but also intellectuals, students, and journalists. Many of the victims were never seen or heard from again.
In the decades since the end of Operation Condor, there have been efforts to bring those responsible for these crimes to justice. In the early 2000s, several former military officials from the participating countries were charged with crimes related to Operation Condor. In some cases, these officials have been convicted and sentenced to prison.
Today, the legacy of Operation Condor remains a source of controversy and pain for many people in South America. While some have sought to move on from this dark period in their countries' histories, others believe that it is important to remember and learn from the crimes committed during Operation Condor in order to ensure that they are never repeated.
The Multidisciplinary Nature of Environmental Studies, Natural Resources : Pharmaguideline
However, by the 1970s, when the resources in more accessible areas were exhausted, more dams were planned in tribal areas thereby displacing a large number of tribal people. The air we breathe, the food we eat, and the plants and animals that make up the web of life, are all dependent on the web of life that we are also part of. Our daily lives are incomplete without drinking water. This unit will further explain the multi-discipilinary nature and scope of environmental studies. They determine the variable character of the human habitat, its opportunities as well as limitations 2 Biological Elements Plants, animals, microorganisms and human beings constitute the biosphere.
Out of all the planets comprising the solar system, the only habitable planet to provide all the necessary conditions for existence of life is the Earth. Major terrestrial ecosystems include forests, grasslands, and deserts while lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries, and wetlands are collectively known as aquatic ecosystems. Forest vary in composition and diversity and can contribute substantially to the economic development of any country. Corn maize , wheat, and rice in all of their varieties account for 87% of all grain production worldwide. Even city dwellers get their food from nearby villages, and these are dependent on natural landscapes for resources such as water for fuel wood, agriculture, fodder, and fish from lakes, rivers, and seashores.
[PDF] Environmental Studies Notes PDF In Details » Panot Book
ISO 14010, 14011 and 14012: Guidelines for environmental auditing. They have the ability to replenish themselves by means such as recycling, reproduction and replacement of renewable resources are sunlight, animals and plants,soil,water,etc. A natural resource is an element derived from nature that is useful to man or may be useful to man depending on technological, economic, or social circumstances. Lithosphere- Contains various types of soils and rocks on the earth. Temperature decreases with increase in altitude in the troposphere till people reach the topmost layer or tropopause. Water vapor freezes into ice clouds which can be seen after sunset if hit by sunlight.
Chapter 1 7 Multidisciplinary Nature OF Environmental Studies
Applied science is concerned with identifying practical ways to make human civilization sustainable within the earth's finite resources. Although the area occupied for mining activity is small, the damage to the environment on account of mining is causing grave concern. The most significant attribute of the effect of the environment on the life of an organism is the interaction of environmental elements. The food resources are a composite of the goods the foodstuffs and the services in commerce and distribution through which these are made available for consumption. Dams are built across rivers to store water for irrigation, hydroelectric power generation and flood control. Life processes and evolution progresses are unhindered in such an environment.
NOTES ON MULTIDISCIPLINARY NATURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL childhealthpolicy.vumc.org
Plants also depend on animals for a few things such as pollination of flowers and dispersal of fruits and seeds. It also addresses the connection between contemporary society and the environment. This unit will also discuss the multidisciplinary nature and scope of environmental studies. Advanced countries produce over 75% of global industrial waste and greenhouse gases. Planning land use Land is a major resource, needed for not only for food production and animal husbandry, but also for industry and growing human settlements. The Maton mines have badly polluted the Aharriver. As a result, the Multidisciplinary Nature of Environmental Studies is required to obtain information about these challenges.
Since the field of Want to Study Abroad? Public Awareness for Environment: Without active people participation government cant force any policy so to make public aware regarding environmental pollution and its conservation. FOOD RESOURCES Food is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. To know and analyse the types of environment and environmental components and how they affect our survival. Various economic strategies have been established to preserve the environment from pollution, global warming, and climate change by evaluating and developing answers or cures for environmental concerns. The concept of sustainable development provides an alternative model of development that could balance between environment and development. This situation can occur naturally under endorheic bodies of water, or artificially under irrigated farmland.
We use water to drink and for other day-to-day activities. Decades of negotiations between the parties bore no fruit. It is essentially a a multidisciplinary approach that brings about an appreciation of our natural world and human impacts on its integrity. In India, shifting cultivation is prevalent in northeast and to limited extent in M, Bihar and Andhra Pradesh and is contributing significantly to deforestation. Our environment is complex, involving economics, biology, physics, chemistry, geography, and resource management. The decomposers are the saprotrophs like bacteria and fungi.
Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies: EVS Notes, MCQ, PDF
ISO 14004: General guidelines on principles and on the development and implementation. Main causes of deforestation are a Shifting cultivation or jhum cultivation This practice is prevalent in tribal areas where forest lands are cleared to grow subsistence crops. There are several simple methods to safeguard the environment such as: -Using reusable products instead of disposable ones -Recycling of paper, plastics, and other materials -Save resources such as water and energy -Neutralizing the poisonous emissions by the factories -Eco-friendly items should be supported -Reforestation and afforestation -Increased use of public transportation If you are truly passionate about the environmental cause or have a keen interest in the environment, then a degree exploring the multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies can help you build a career in the field. These species could be having Natural surface water can be augmented by importing surface water from another water-shed through a canal or pipeline. . Every individual has the right to a clean, safe, and pollution-free environment.
Meaning of Multidisciplinary To understand the multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies, we must first comprehend the literal definition of the term multidisciplinary. Products comprising recycled and non-toxic chemical substances. EVS is a multidisciplinary academic discipline concerned with the investigation, research, and extension of knowledge about the living and physical environment. ISO 14064: Measuring, quantifying, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions GHGs. Effects of dams on forests and tribal people India is one of the largest dam-building nations in the world and the fact is that dams are the single largest cause of human displacement in India and account for 75 per cent to 80 per cent of displacement of about four to five crore people. This unit will also focus on how we as living beings interact with other living and non-living components of the ecosystem and would also become aware that ecosystems are able to maintain homeostasis by active effort, resisting the tendencies toward disorder.