Depressants are a class of psychoactive substances that are characterized by their ability to slow down the central nervous system. They are commonly used to treat anxiety and sleep disorders, but can also be used recreationally for their sedative effects.
One of the most well-known and widely used depressants is alcohol. Alcohol is a legal, socially acceptable substance that is consumed by many people in moderate amounts, but it can also be abused and lead to addiction. Alcohol works by inhibiting the brain's ability to transmit certain signals, leading to feelings of relaxation and impaired judgment.
Other depressants include benzodiazepines, which are often prescribed for anxiety and sleep disorders. Benzodiazepines work by increasing the activity of a neurotransmitter called GABA, which helps to calm the brain and reduce anxiety. However, like alcohol, benzodiazepines can be addictive and can lead to dependence if they are used for extended periods of time.
Depressants can also have negative side effects, such as drowsiness, impaired coordination, and difficulty thinking and making decisions. In large doses, they can cause respiratory depression, which can be deadly.
It's important to use depressants only as directed by a healthcare provider and to be aware of the risks and potential negative effects. It's also important to be mindful of the potential for addiction and to seek help if you or a loved one is struggling with substance abuse.
In summary, depressants are a class of psychoactive substances that can be used to treat anxiety and sleep disorders, but can also be abused and lead to addiction. They work by slowing down the central nervous system, but can also have negative side effects and can be dangerous in large doses. It's important to use depressants only as directed and to be aware of the risks and potential negative effects.
Psychotherapy is important in helping patients develop strategies for dealing with the situations that give rise to depression and to effectively manage the negative thoughts and feelings that mark the distress. Lesson Summary Depressants are drugs that slow down brain activity and cause relaxation in people. Maybe you've wondered why people pass out after a night of heavy drinking? One issue with sedatives is that they are usually prescribed by doctors, so people do not believe that they are harmful or addictive. Dependence occurs when the person becomes reliant on the use of these substances, and this reliance can be psychological, physiological, and both. They may lose interest in formerly loved hobbies, old friends, or even personal hygiene.
He has trouble sleeping and his doctor prescribed sleeping pills. Symptoms of withdrawal can include: A Word From Verywell If you are prescribed depressants for a health condition, it is important to always take your medication exactly as prescribed. When we're talking about drugs, this doesn't mean to feel sad or down. By decreasing the electrical activity in the brain, depressants produce a calming effect in the body and slow down the brain's normal functioning. Flunitrazepam: Have you ever been warned to watch out for predators who put date rape drugs in drinks? Some researchers question whether the standard definition of depression and the diagnostic tests based upon it adequately capture the condition as it occurs in men.
It's because alcohol is a depressant. When we're talking about drugs, this doesn't mean to feel sad or down. Depression is extreme sadness or despair that lasts more than days. They slow down the function of the nervous system by enhancing an effect of a type of neurotransmitter called GABA. However, medications affect everyone differently and there is no one-size-fits-all medication. Sleeping pills, also sometimes called tranquilizers, are sedative-hypnotic drugs. Depressants can decrease your level of awareness, lower your pulse and heart rate, and reduce breathing.
Sadly, that's just what happens to some people. While Twitter's politically biased and capricious content-moderation policies are being exposed by journalists, Twitter needs to pay attention to its self-harm problem. You may have seen commercials for common benzodiazepines like Xanax. His doctor prescribed sleeping pills to help with his insomnia, but lately, Jack has found that he needs more and more sleeping pills to help him sleep. It saps By definition, the symptoms must be present for at least two weeks. In randomized, controlled trials, a molecular variant of ketamine, called Herbal Therapy Over the years, there has been considerable interest in the use of herbs for the treatment of both depression and anxiety. As a result, the patient begins to associate alcohol use with vomiting and does not want to drink - kind of like when you get food poisoning and then don't want to eat the food that made you sick.
Just because they are prescribed by a doctor does not mean that a person can't abuse them. Many studies show that the most effective treatment is For more on causes, symptoms, and treatments of depressive disorders, see our There is no single known cause of depression. Important Facts About Depressants All depressants have the potential for abuse. The substance binds to receptors for gamma-aminobutyric acid GABA , which is a neurotransmitter responsible for producing feelings of calmness and sedation as well as the depression of the central nervous system that causes suppression of breathing and heart rate. Because of their calming properties, doctors prescribe depressants to treat anxiety and sleep disorders. You may have seen commercials for common benzodiazepines like Xanax. A combination of therapy and antidepressant medication can help ensure recovery.
Like alcohol and other depressants, sedative-hypnotic drugs slow down the central nervous system and relax muscles. In light of the research indicating that suicide is often associated with depression, the high suicide rate among men may reflect the fact that many men with depression do not seek adequate diagnosis and treatment. Depressants taken in larger doses have some serious consequences, including complete loss of consciousness, loss of senses, slurred speech, respiratory depression, and even death. What are depressants and what are their effects quizlet? Vascular depression may manifest in The majority of older adults with depression improve when they receive treatment with psychotherapy, antidepressant medication, or a combination of the two. If so, you were prescribed an opioid. It provided clear answers for both physicians and their suffering patients—an elegant explanation of the symptoms and a readily available remedy in pill form; pharma companies made money.
Caffeine and nicotine are, of course, legal and mild stimulants that many people use to get themselves going throughout the day, but they come with their own adverse side effects, especially if the drink or cigarette includes harmful additives. Both stimulants and depressants claim lives every year due to overdose and other health problems related to long-term use. However, these support groups are not led by mental health professionals and do not work for everyone. Chances are that you are familiar with the effects of alcohol. Benzodiazepines are generally viewed as safe in the short-term, but long-term use can lead to tolerance, dependence, and Uses Depressant drugs include hypnotics, tranquilizers, and sedatives. This involves understanding, patience, affection, and encouragement. Alcohol By far, the most commonly used depressant is alcohol.
Stimulants vs. Depressants: Differences & Similarities
They slow brain activity to induce feelings of drowsiness, relaxation, and pain relief. If so, then you are already familiar with the effects of flunitrazepam. However, because stopping sedatives too quickly could pose some health risks, a medical professional usually has to oversee a slow decrease in usage. Do not disparage feelings expressed, but point out realities and offer hope. At higher doses, depressants can be used as general anesthetics.
An evaluation should include a detailed inquiry into the history and nature of current symptoms and prior episodes and their Once diagnosed, depression can be treated with psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of both. Remember, Jack had to increase the dosage of his sleeping pills because they weren't working anymore. Depression is a common condition in modern life. But especially among children it manifests as irritability. Many of the symptoms may appear very similar to simple depression. People who use depressants over a long period of time develop tolerance, which means that they will have to take increasingly larger amounts of the drugs to get the same effects. For example, if you've ever had a prescription for insomnia or anxiety, you've likely used a depressant.