Maternal deprivation theory. Maternal Deprivation Research Paper 2022-10-11
Maternal deprivation theory Rating:
Maternal deprivation theory is a psychological theory that suggests that a child's emotional and social development can be significantly impaired if they are separated from their mother during the first few years of life. This theory was first proposed by John Bowlby, a British psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, in the 1950s.
According to Bowlby, the mother-child bond is an attachment relationship that is essential for the healthy development of a child's social and emotional skills. He believed that the loss of this attachment, whether due to separation or death, could have serious negative consequences for the child's mental health and overall development.
Bowlby's theory was based on observations of children who had been separated from their mothers during World War II. He found that these children often displayed symptoms of emotional distress, such as difficulty forming attachments with others and problems with social interactions. In addition, they were often more aggressive and had difficulty controlling their emotions.
Bowlby's theory has been supported by subsequent research, which has shown that maternal deprivation can have long-term effects on a child's development. For example, children who have experienced maternal deprivation may have difficulty forming and maintaining healthy relationships, may be more prone to depression and anxiety, and may have lower self-esteem.
However, it is important to note that maternal deprivation is not the only factor that can affect a child's development. Other factors, such as genetics, the presence of other supportive caregivers, and the child's overall environment, can also play a role.
In conclusion, maternal deprivation theory suggests that the loss of the mother-child bond during the early years of life can have significant negative effects on a child's social and emotional development. While this theory has been supported by research, it is important to recognize that there are many other factors that can influence a child's development as well.
The same can be observed when adults respond to the needs and requirements of the child. It becomes a prototype for all future social relationships and allows individuals to predict, control and manipulate interactions with others. This shows that such research has been immensely valuable in practical terms. Genie now lives in a sheltered accommodation in an undisclosed location in Southern California; it is at least her sixth adult foster home. . Bowlby 1988 used attachment theory to explain that how the relationship between the infants and caregiver influenced infants' development.
Bowlby's Theory of Maternal Deprivation Flashcards
Because of the strong connection they had formed or not with their mother, their behaviour is different. They kept making growth and eventually became adults who went about their normal lives. This suggested that they were suffering from privation, rather than deprivation, which Rutter suggested was far more deleterious to the children. They were initially quite hostile toward the adults working at the child care center but warmed up to them with time. Upon his graduation he began working at Maudesley Hospital as a psychoanalyst. Register to read the introduction… Whether that be a short or long period.
EVALUATION: This is a problem for the theory of maternal deprivation because it suggests that other factors may affect the outcome of early maternal deprivation. It is characterised by a lack of affection, lack of guilt about their actions and lack of empathy for their victims. In addition, he argued that the strongest bond that any person can establish is based on the relationship he had with his mother during the first years of life. Although Bowlby showed an association between early isolation and a lack of empathy, causality can sometimes be established. They performed a study in Glasgow in 1964 where they observed 60 children from birth — eighteen months. Bowlby suggested that those children who coped better may have been more securely attached and thus more resilient to the separation.
Although Bowlby did not rule out the possibility of other attachment figures for a child, he did believe that there should be a primary bond which was much more important than any other usually the mother. The sample in this study consisted of 44 delinquent teenagers accused of theft. After a few months, the mother found that taking care of Genie was too difficult, and Genie was transferred to a succession of six more foster homes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 22 4 , 323-356. He also found evidence of anti-social behavior, affectionless psychopathy, and disorders of language, intellectual development and physical growth.
Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation evaluation Flashcards
The same can be observed when adults respond to the needs and requirements of the child. On the issue of removal of children from their homes, Bowlby emphasised the strength of the tie that children feel towards their parents and discussed the reason why, as he put it, "children thrive better in bad homes than in good institutions". Also, the 44 thieves study had major design flaws, Bowlby carried out the assessments for affectionless psychopathy and the family interviews, knowing what he hoped to find. Bowlby argues that the relationship with the mother is somehow different altogether from other relationships. Unfortunately the father worked away from home a great deal and their step-mother treated the boys horribly. In places like this, very little emotional care is provided, as children can't see enough of one carer to develop an attachment to them. Bowlby's work was misinterpreted to mean that any separation from the natural mother, any experience of institutional care or a multiplicity of "mothers" necessarily resulted in severe emotional deprivation and sometimes, that all children undergoing such experiences would develop into "affectionless children".
. Attachment and loss vol. Attachment theory revolutionised thinking on the nature of early attachments and extensive research continues to be undertaken. Harlow's experiments have been heralded as revolutionary and also robustly criticized as scientifically invalid and sadistically cruel. Bowlby 1969 believed that attachment behaviors such as proximity seeking are instinctive and will be activated by any conditions that seem to threaten the achievement of proximity, such as separation, insecurity, and fear.
The other inmates cared for them, but they did not develop attachments and had no toys to play with. In a similar investigation, he observed that among children who had been confined for several months in a sanatorium to treat their tuberculosis before reaching the age of 4, they had a markedly passive attitude and were much more easily angered than the rest of the youth. John Bowlby proposed the maternal deprivation theory in 1951. This term covered a range from almost complete deprivation, not uncommon in institutions, residential nurseries and hospitals, to partial deprivation where the mother, or mother substitute, was unable to give the loving care a small child needs, to mild deprivation where the child was removed from the mother's care but was looked after by someone familiar whom he trusted. His primary care-giver was the family nanny until, when he was four years old, the nanny left. A few months later their father remarried and at the age of eighteen months the twins returned to their fathers care. Child Care and the Growth of Love.
Bowlby'S Theory Of Maternal Deprivation Essay Example
They want people to be identical. Findings of the study Bowlby found that 14 of the 44 thieves could be described as affectionless psychopaths. The psychologist and social worker made separate reports. They will try to cling on to the parent to stop them leaving. He was strongly in favour of support being provided to parents and extended families to improve the situation and provide care within the family rather than removal if possible.