Metacognition and constructivism. SOLUTION: Metacognition and constructivism 2022-10-27
Metacognition and constructivism Rating:
Metacognition is the process of thinking about one's own thinking, or "knowing about knowing." It involves being aware of and controlling one's own cognitive processes, such as paying attention, remembering, and problem-solving. Constructivism, on the other hand, is a learning theory that emphasizes the active role of the learner in constructing new knowledge and understanding.
One way in which metacognition and constructivism intersect is through the concept of self-regulated learning. Self-regulated learners are able to reflect on their own learning processes and adjust their strategies accordingly. For example, a student who is having difficulty understanding a math concept may engage in metacognitive strategies such as breaking the problem down into smaller parts, seeking help from a teacher or peer, or attempting to explain the concept to someone else in order to better understand it. This process of self-reflection and self-regulation is a key aspect of constructivist learning, as it allows the learner to actively construct their own understanding of the material.
Metacognition and constructivism also both emphasize the importance of prior knowledge and experience in the learning process. Constructivist theory suggests that learners construct new knowledge by building upon their previous understanding and experiences. Metacognitive strategies, such as identifying gaps in one's knowledge and setting learning goals, can help learners to actively engage with and connect new information to their prior knowledge.
Additionally, both metacognition and constructivism value the role of feedback in the learning process. In constructivist learning, feedback helps learners to revise and improve their understanding of a concept. Metacognitive strategies such as self-assessment and self-correction can also involve seeking feedback from others in order to monitor and improve one's own learning.
Overall, metacognition and constructivism are both concerned with the active and reflective nature of learning. By promoting self-regulation and the integration of prior knowledge and experience, both approaches encourage learners to take an active role in constructing their own understanding of the material.
Constructivism And Metacognitive Strategies
Teachers facilitate and prompt learners while doing this, teacher guides the activities so that learners can build their knowledge based on the platform that the teacher has laid. Learning involves construction of meaning Each meaning that a learner construct gives him a better understanding to other knowledge which he can accommodate to fit his prior knowledge. METACOGNITION AND CONSTRUCTIVISM l CHAPTER 6 142 CHAPTER LEARNING OUTCOMES After studying this chapter, you should be able to: 1. The constructivism approach uses the learner-centered approach rather than a teacher-centered approach. From their perspective, learning occurs through continual creation of rules and hypoth-eses to explain what is observed. This will help learners to encode and manipulate the information they construct.
Relationship between metacognition and constructivism
Give an example of an ethical or legal issue that may arise if a patient has a poor outcome or sentinel event because of a distraction such as alarm fatigue. Lastly, as I mentioned above social constructivism leads group works. It clearly reveals that a good learner takes responsibility for his own learning by planning, monitoring, managing, reflecting on the process of learning. Use of Constructivism in Classrooms 3. One needs knowledge to learn Learners cannot assimilate new knowledge without a prior knowledge to build upon. The descriptions of both techniques are explained as follows: Tutoring is a basic cognitive apprenticeship between an expert and novice.
Not always the learner constructs accurate knowledge or a learner may sometimes construct something that is unintended. It is rooted from philosophy just like sociology, ethnography and cognitive psychology. Learning is a social activity Our learning is always connected to the people and things around us. In constructivism, individuals construct their own understanding and knowledge, thorough experiencing on their own and having reflections on those experiences. Students are encouraged to use critical andreflective thinking in their assignment and problem solving. Use headings, highlighted words and notes on major ideas.
Therefore proper lesson planning is needed to focus on what the teacher and students will do. PLANNING strategies used to complete task, involves setting of time, intensity, etc Figure 3. The nineteenth-century school of psychology that sought to determine the structure of the mind through controlled inspection. Eggan and Kauchak agreed with those studies and define constructivism as: His view was supported by Emmanuel Kant who said, Constructivists believe that knowledge is the result of individual constructions of reality. Fowler, 1994 Vygotsky views on constructivism focus on the transmission of the tools of knowledge — namely culture and language.
It is not a new approach. Read also The Saber Tooth Curriculum Education Essay The preparation and planning opportunity that is given to learners are important metacognitive skills that can improve their learning. According to Mayer 2004 , critics claim that "learning by doing" is useful for more knowledgeable learners than less knowledgeable one. In this case comparing 2-3 colleges and review the choice of college made. The adult was teaching them how to perform the task. This PQ4R strategy assists students to process a lot of information in a relatively short amount of time.
Learning is an active process Learners construct their own knowledge by interacting with the world. They are no more tabula rasa or blank slates where knowledge is shaped. Accommodation is reframing the new experiences into the existing mental capacity W. Eggan and Kauchak 1997 C. Their peers commented and gave their feedbacks.
Relationship between metacognition and constructivism
Therefore, the mental activity of the learner is emphasized and the teacher needs to create a situation whereby the learner associates his previous knowledge Moore, 2004. Learning takes time We need time to learn and reflect on what we have learnt. It is thinking about your own thinking and about how you process information effectively. Every learner constructs his ideas differently based on their preexisting knowledge Taber, 2006. Students need the ability to interact and work with others effectively.
Read also The Application Of ICT In Teaching And Learning Education Essay Constructivist theories claims that, learners have active role in their construction of undertsandings and knowledge. Cooperative learning is learning based on experience or group discussion. Here collaborative approach was used as well as student carried out their own meaning -making based on their previous knowledge. Therefore, these are the principles that an educator should keep in mind. Promoting a culture of thinking in the young child. The learner intercedes and controls learning Content chosen is authentic and represents the complexity of real-world problems Knowledge construction is given importance. Here learners will have the opportunities to formulate their own ideas and test these ideas, Learners not only make conclusions based on the research they have carried out but also they will be able to infer the knowledge they have learnt and convey it in a collaborative learning environment by working and discussing or sharing thoughts with their own peers.
Students make constructive opinion based on the information they have gathered. Students need the ability to interact and work with others effectively. Sometimes, it is hard to carry out these approaches when dealing with extremely weak students as they are unable to construct meaning on their own and need a lot of guidance from the teachers. An approach to instruction whereby students develop an understanding of a topic in a hands-on fashion through their interaction with the physical or social environment. Cognitive apprenticeships are important in classroom. Following this analysis, cognitive revolution has impact on education.