American history chapter 7 vocabulary. Chapter 7 2022-10-17
American history chapter 7 vocabulary Rating:
American history is a rich and complex subject, filled with important events and influential figures that have shaped the nation. In chapter 7 of an American history textbook, students might encounter a variety of vocabulary terms that are key to understanding the events and concepts discussed in the chapter.
One term that may appear in chapter 7 is "Manifest Destiny," a belief that it was the divine right of the United States to expand its territory across the North American continent. This idea, which originated in the 1840s, was used to justify the acquisition of new territories such as Texas, California, and Hawaii. It also played a role in the Mexican-American War and the Indian Wars, as white settlers pushed westward in search of land and resources.
Another term that might appear in chapter 7 is "reconstruction," a period of rebuilding and reform following the American Civil War. During reconstruction, the federal government worked to reconstruct the South and integrate African Americans into society as full citizens. Reconstruction was marked by conflict and controversy, as Southern whites resisted the changes and efforts to establish racial equality.
"Jim Crow laws" may also be a vocabulary term in chapter 7. These were state and local laws in the South that enforced racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans from the late 1800s to the mid-1960s. The Jim Crow system enforced segregation in schools, public facilities, and voting booths, and it was not dismantled until the Civil Rights Movement and the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Other vocabulary terms that might appear in chapter 7 of an American history textbook include "Gilded Age," a term used to describe the period of rapid economic growth and industrialization in the late 1800s; "populist movement," a political movement that sought to reform the government and protect the rights of farmers and laborers; and "Spanish-American War," a conflict in which the United States defeated Spain and acquired new territories, including Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
Understanding these vocabulary terms and their historical context is crucial to grasping the events and themes of chapter 7 in American history. By learning and comprehending these terms, students can gain a deeper understanding of the complex and often controversial events that have shaped the United States.
Outline of American History
After the Revolution, the balance of power between women and men and between White, Black, and Native American people remained largely unchanged. In 1876 Alexander Graham Bell exhibited a telephone instrument and, within half a century, 16 million telephones would quicken the social and economic life of the nation. In 1873 the Supreme Court found that the Fourteenth Amendment citizenship rights not to be abridged conferred no new privileges or immunities to protect African Americans from state power. Similar cases ended slavery in that state. However, despite that little flaw, the government was still able to build alliances, lead the Revolutionary War to a successful ending and it was also able to come up with a treaty called the Treaty of Paris.
Later, in 1890, a ghost dance ritual on the Northern Sioux reservation at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, led to an uprising and a last, tragic encounter that ended in the death of hundreds of Sioux men, women and children. Although the stated purpose of the convention was to modify the Articles of Confederation, their mission shifted to the building of a new, strong federal government. A mere quarter-century later, virtually all this country had been carved into states and territories. As a result, the acquisition of an American empire was piecemeal and ambivalent, and colonial administrations were often more concerned with trade and economic issues than political control. Elizabeth Freemen A preacher who helped start the Free African Society.
Lands not thus distributed, however, were offered for sale to settlers. Soon the principle of segregation by race extended into every area of Southern life, from railroads to restaurants, hotels, hospitals and schools. At the same time, the voices of anti-imperialism from diverse coalitions of Northern Democrats and reform-minded Republicans remained loud and constant. Foreseeing the demand, he headed west to the young prairie town of Chicago, where he set up a factory -- and by 1860 sold a quarter of a million reapers. The Philippines gained the right to elect both houses of its legislature in 1916, and in 1936 a largely autonomous Philippine Commonwealth was established. During this period, public antipathy toward the trusts increased. Previously concentrated in the Eastern states, the iron industry moved westward as geologists discovered new ore deposits, notably the great Mesabi iron range at the head of Lake Superior, which became one of the largest ore producers in the world.
CARNEGIE AND THE ERA OF STEEL Andrew Carnegie was largely responsible for the great advances in steel production. Eventually, though a few communities continued to be devoted almost exclusively to mining, the real wealth of Montana, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho and California proved to be in the grass and soil. Ironically, the federal policy that enabled farmers to increase yields ultimately generated vast supplies which drove market prices down -- and disheartened farmers. The year of the Spanish-American War also saw the beginning of a new relationship with the Hawaiian Islands. James Forten The most famous naval officer of the Revolution, he won the most famous sea battle against the British in 1779. Large numbers of Puerto Ricans have settled on the mainland, to which they have free access and where they acquire all the political and civil rights of any other citizen of the United States. He also founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church, the first African-American church in the U.
Unfortunately for the would-be farmers, the land itself was suited more for cattle ranching than farming, and by 1880 nearly 22,400,000 hectares of "free" land was in the hands of cattlemen or the railroads. The months of laborious travel hitherto separating the two oceans was now cut to about six days. The "corporation" and the "trust" were developed to achieve these ends. Great factories and steel mills, transcontinental railroad lines, flourishing cities and vast agricultural holdings marked the land. Cuba acquired nominal independence when American troops departed in 1902.
Ten years later, the steel mill he built on the Monongahela River in Pennsylvania was the largest in the country. If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box. Federalists like James Madison and Alexander Hamilton led the charge for a new United States Constitution, the document that endures as the oldest written constitution in the world, a testament to the work done in 1787 by the delegates in Philadelphia. Under the Panama Canal treaty negotiated by the two countries 75 years later, the Canal will revert to Panamanian sovereignty by the year 2000. Roosevelt repudiated the right of U. Western Union, earliest of the large communications combinations, was followed by the Bell Telephone System and eventually by the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. But a decade later, in the administration of Theodore Roosevelt, its effective application earned the president the nickname of "trust-buster.
American Government and Politics Chapter 7 Vocabulary Flashcards
Cattle-raising, long an important industry in Texas, flourished after the Civil War, when enterprising men began to drive their Texas longhorn cattle north across the open public land. Not far behind the rancher creaked the covered wagons of the farmers bringing their families, their draft horses, cows and pigs. These were to serve both as educational institutions and as centers for research in scientific farming. Hay promptly announced to the European powers and Japan that the United States would oppose any disturbance of Chinese territorial or administrative rights or of the Open Door policy. Between 1900 and 1920, for example, the United States intervened in six Western Hemispheric nations, establishing protectorates in Haiti and the Dominican Republic, and periodically stationing U. Abigail Adams and others pressed for greater rights for women, while the Pennsylvania Abolition Society and New York Manumission Society worked toward the abolition of slavery. It also had no power over taxes or anything that could stimulate the economy.
Nonetheless, for Black people, women, and Native peoples, the revolutionary ideals of equality fell far short of reality. At the same time, the United States also played an important role in establishing an institutional basis for cooperation among the nations of the Americas. When the royal government announced its intention to end foreign influence in 1893, American businessmen joined with influential Hawaiians to install a new government, which then asked to be annexed to the United States. Moreover, the later administrations of Herbert Hoover and Franklin D. Cattle ranchers, taking advantage of the enormous grasslands, had laid claim to the huge expanse stretching from Texas to the upper Missouri River. Such trusts made possible large-scale combinations, centralized control and administration, and the pooling of patents.