Industrial uses of acids bases and salts. Common Uses Of Acids And Bases 2022-10-09
Industrial uses of acids bases and salts Rating:
Acids, bases, and salts are all chemical compounds that are widely used in a variety of industries. In this essay, we will explore the various industrial uses of these compounds, including their role in the production of products such as detergents, fertilizers, and pharmaceuticals.
Acids are chemical compounds that contain hydrogen ions and are characterized by their sour taste and the ability to turn litmus paper red. They are commonly used in the production of fertilizers, dyes, and pharmaceuticals. For example, sulfuric acid is used in the production of fertilizers because it helps to increase the acidity of the soil, which can improve the growth of certain crops. Nitric acid, on the other hand, is used in the production of dyes and explosives because of its ability to dissolve metals.
Bases, on the other hand, are chemical compounds that contain hydroxide ions and are characterized by their bitter taste and the ability to turn litmus paper blue. They are commonly used in the production of soaps and detergents, as well as in the manufacture of textiles and paper. For example, sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is used in the production of soap because it reacts with fatty acids to form soap molecules. Potassium hydroxide, on the other hand, is used in the production of detergents because of its ability to dissolve grease and oils.
Salts are chemical compounds that are formed when an acid and a base react with each other and neutralize each other's properties. They are widely used in a variety of industries, including the food industry, where they are used as flavor enhancers and preservatives. In the pharmaceutical industry, salts are used to improve the solubility and stability of drugs. For example, sodium chloride, also known as table salt, is used in the food industry as a flavor enhancer and preservative. Calcium carbonate, on the other hand, is used in the pharmaceutical industry as a filler and binder in tablets.
In conclusion, acids, bases, and salts are all essential chemical compounds that are widely used in a variety of industries. They are used in the production of fertilizers, dyes, pharmaceuticals, soaps, detergents, and other products. These compounds have unique properties that make them useful in different industrial applications, and their importance will continue to be recognized in the future.
Economic importance of some common acids, bases and salts ( minerals )
Bee stings are acidic in nature while the wasp stings are alkaline in nature. Basic salts are formed when a strong base reacts with a weak acid. You have learned about some organic acids in class VIII. Is the price justified? Economic importance of some common salts The salts are very important in the human body where calcium and magnesium salts are the main components of the bones and the teeth , Phosphorus salts contribute to the formation of tissues , Sodium and potassium salts are responsible for the transfer of nerve impulses. For example, zinc metal reacts with hydrochloric acid to form zinc chloride and hydrogen gas.
The term salt is also used to refer specifically to common table salt, or sodium chloride. This is due either to the presence of a metal cation that acts as a Lewis acid which will be discussed in a later concept , or, quite commonly, due to a hydrolyzable proton in the cation or the anion. Methyl orange Methyl orange is another indicator. But too much acidity leads to indigestion. Lemon fruit juice, tomatoes and vinegar, for instance, are all sour flavours. This paper is called pH paper.
In addition to this, the bases that are soluble in nature are known as alkalis and one of the examples is sodium hydroxide. Ans: Acids are those chemical substances that have a sour taste. The moment you open the drink the pressure is released and the carbon dioxide gas is released. Acids that undergo ionization to a small extent only are called weak acids. In reacting with the acids the bases result in forming salts. These substances, as you already know, are called neutral substances.
Notes on ACIDS, BASES AND SALTS USED IN DAILY LIFE
Thus, at equilibrium, the concentration of acid molecules becomes very less and concentration of hydrogen ion reaches to the maximum; for example, HCl,HNO3,HClO4 Weak Acids: These acids are only partially ionized in solution at equilibrium state. You can read this article for more information. Neutralization reactions are quite common in everyday life. Hence they have high melting points and boiling points. Salts with acidic protons in the cation are most commonly ammonium salts or organic compounds that contain a protonated amine group. Boric acid pools are used to store nuclear waste at power plants. INTRODUCTION We have learnt in the previous class that it is possible to classify substances into groups based on their physical properties.
What is the main difference between an acid and a base? Dilute Acids Those acids with a relatively lesser amount of acid dissolved in a large amount of water are calleddilute acids. Acids: Vin egar : Often used in the kitchen, it includes 3-6% acetic acid. The reaction between an acid and a base is called a neutralization reaction. Also, added to neutralize acidic soil. Acids are very useful in the house as Dilute HCl acid is used in manufacturing of detergents which are used in cleaning the surfaces and they are used in polishing of metals surfaces needed to be painted coated.
Ammonia is also a building block for the synthesis of many pharmaceutical products and is used in many commercial cleaning products. Some examples of acids are acetic acids that are known as vinegar, lactic acid that is found in milk, sulphuric acid and many more. Around 56% of sodium hydroxide produced is used by industry, 25% of which is used in the paper industry. Additionally, acids are also useful in order to unclog the drainage system with effective chemical solutions in real-time. Mining The mining industry can be best defined as the extraction of mineral ores. When acids react with the foundations, salts are formed.
Recommended Videos Theories of Acids and Bases Three different theories have been put forth in order to define acids and bases. Why do acids not show acidic behavior in the absence of water? The main industrial use of nitric acid is for the production of fertilizers. Give the properties and uses of bleaching powder. Similarly we would have situation where we would have to know which one of the two solutions is more basic in nature. CBSE 2008 F 34. These acids are used to etch through upper layers of rust on steel before applying phosphate chemicals to create a protective coating for the steel's exposed surface areas.
Blood when healthy is also basic. Only a few amino acids such as Aspartic acid, glutamic acid are acidic in nature. Companies make it as a precursor to phosphoric acid, which, in turn, finds use in detergents and phosphate fertilizers. Soap has base in it. Salts that do not contain water of crystallization are called anhydrous salts. Because organic acids like acetic acid, citric acid, and tartaric acid are weak, they are used as food ingredients.
Bases include the metal oxides, hydroxides, and carbonates. Ans: The main difference between acids, bases and salts are as follows: Acids Bases Salts Acids turn blue litmus to red. Using bases to control erosion is possible because of the reaction it has with the soil. Acids are of two types: 1. DewWool Quiz of the Day Support Us We want to make science interesting and free at the same time! Bat teries: Sulphuric acid is used in batteries which run in cars and flashlights to name a few.