Speech and oral communication ppt. COMM_110_ Introduction To Oral Communication Wk 2 Discussion 2022-10-24
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Speech and oral communication are essential skills that allow us to effectively communicate with others and convey our thoughts, ideas, and feelings. Whether it is through formal presentations, casual conversations, or public speaking, the ability to express ourselves clearly and effectively is crucial for success in both personal and professional settings.
Effective oral communication involves not only the words we choose to speak, but also our nonverbal cues, such as body language, facial expressions, and tone of voice. These nonverbal cues can often convey more meaning than the words themselves and play a crucial role in how our message is received by the listener.
To be an effective speaker, it is important to have a clear and well-organized message, to use appropriate language and vocabulary, and to practice good delivery skills. This includes speaking at a pace that is easy to follow, using appropriate volume and tone, and using gestures and facial expressions to emphasize points and convey emotion.
Additionally, effective listeners are just as important as effective speakers. Active listening involves paying attention to the speaker, maintaining eye contact, and providing verbal and nonverbal feedback to show that you are engaged and understanding the message. It also involves asking clarifying questions and withholding judgment until the speaker has finished speaking.
PowerPoint presentations can be a useful tool for enhancing speech and oral communication, as they allow the speaker to visually support their message with slides, images, and other media. However, it is important to remember that the presentation is only a supplement to the speaker's message, and should not be relied upon to carry the entire conversation.
Overall, speech and oral communication are important skills that we use every day to interact with others and convey our thoughts and ideas. Whether it is through formal presentations or casual conversations, being an effective speaker and listener is crucial for success in both personal and professional settings.
Oral Presentation and Powerpoint
There are many reasons for this—some speakers view their talk as simply a format for reading a paper, while others fill the air with many words but little substance—but the most common reason is the simplest one: the speaker showed uncertainty about the talk's alleged subject. Public — This type refers to communication that requires you to deliver or send the message before or in front of a group. Suspension saving a key word or phrase for the end of a sentence They tried, they fought, they did their best. Apply the "rule of 8s": include no more than 8 words per line and 8 lines per slide. Which talk would you rather attend: "Specific Geometrical Objects with Fractional Dimensions and Their Various Applications to Nature in General and The Universe At Large as we Know it" or "And On The Eighth Day, God Created Fractals"? Use eye contact and listening body language.
Pause when you have to turn or point to something, then turn back towards the audience, then talk. Examples: Black OUT break DOWN look OUT 13. Author: This courseware module is part of Penn State's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences' Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a The College of Earth and Mineral Sciences is committed to making its websites accessible to all users, and welcomes comments or suggestions on access improvements. The ironic feature of public speaking is that while we recognize that it is an important skill to have, many of us do not like or want to give speeches. METHODS OF SPEECH DELIVERY Extemporaneous Speaking Method of delivery preferred by most audiences Guidelines 1. We refer to this as the manner of articulation.
. For instance, raise three fingers and say "thirdly" as you make your third point; pull your hands toward your chest slightly as you advocate the acceptance of an idea. Some audience members might try to draw the attention to themselves, or focus on a mistake or uncertainty in your presentation, or even undermine your authority directly with an intimidating challenge. Use appropriate nonverbal messages 3. Message is too complex. RULES ON WORD STRESS 11.
There is a real distinction between merely hearing the words and really listening to the message. Phrasal verbs Phrasal verbs are words made from a verb and preposition. Consider the use of some simple, meaningful props—even pass them around. Words ending in er, or, ly For words ending with the suffixes er, or, or ly, the stress is placed on the first syllable. When would it be appropriate to use each presentation method? Simply put, declarations bring into existence or cause the state of affairs which they refer to. Its loudness or softness The force when one speaks varies in degree and form.
COMM_110_ Introduction To Oral Communication Wk 2 Discussion
Compound verbs A compound verb is when a subject has two or more verbs. When possible, replace words with images. Be sure that your audience can easily see all that you want them to see, especially material that appears in the lower half of the screen. Keep slides as simple and uncluttered as possible, and if the information must be complex, prioritize it for your audience as you present it e. Design slides so that their longest dimension is horizontal rather than vertical. Reflexive pronouns Reflexive pronouns show that the action affects the person who performs the action. Noun + compound nouns Noun + compound Nouns are two word compound nouns.
If you need to cite a source of information, include the citation in a smaller font size at the bottom of your slide. People pay attention to things that affect them directly. Turn off the projector or create a dark screen when no visuals are relevant; literally invite your audience to turn its attention away from one thing to another. How forward or backward in the mouth is the tongue? There are very distinct differences between the four presentations styles, each with their own pros and cons. Examples: SAM-ples CAR-ton Col-or-ful RAI-ny 2. The palatal sounds that begin and end the words church and judge are voiceless and voiced affricates, respectively.
Impromptu is exactly that, a spur of the moment speech. There should not be any lack of clarity , otherwise the communication would be confusing one. If you are confused and know that you do not understand , ask the speaker to say it another way. Such a speech is intended to reflect the emotions of the audience. As students, we should take seriously any opportunity, that comes our way and that requires us to deliver a talk.
Examples: re-LAX, re-CEIVE, di-RECT, a-MONG Verbs and prepositions usually get stress placed on the second syllable, but there are exceptions to this too. Download Types of Speech Context ORAL COMMUNICATION-POWERPOINT and more English Slides in PDF only on Docsity! TYPES OF SPEECH + CONTEXT INTRAPERSONAL COMMUNICATION LEVELS OF INTRAPERSONAL COMMUNICATION INTERNAL DISCOURSE involves thinking, concentration and analysis. Degree refers to the amount of force applied High degree e. Give definite shape and character of sounds as air passes through the mouth or nose. MAKING AN EFFECTIVE INTRODUCTION Get the attention of the audience. In this type of communication, all participants can freely share ideas in a loose and open discussion. If you cannot manage to practice your talk straight through, perhaps you are not yet ready to offer it.
Companies have long cried for graduates who can give dynamic talks, and they have long relied on talks as a key way to sway concerned parties towards a desired outcome. Strictly avoid talking sideways or backwards at your audience. NASALIZATION OF VOWELS Vowels can be produced with a raised velum that prevents the air from escaping through the nose, or with a lowered velum that permits air to pass through the nasal passage. He simply left the screen blank, proposed the option of taking no action, and then shut off the projector. The following preparation principles will keep you right on plumb. MANNER OF ARTICULATION Speech sounds also vary in the way the airstream is affected as it flows from the lungs up and out of the mouth and nose. More interested in what he has to say that he listens mainly to find an opening to get the floor.