Marco Polo was a Venetian merchant and explorer who is best known for his travels to Asia and the Middle East during the 13th century. He is credited with opening up the Silk Road and introducing Europe to many exotic goods and cultures from the East.
Polo was born in Venice, Italy in 1254, the son of a wealthy merchant named Niccolò Polo. From a young age, Marco was exposed to the world of trade and travel through his father's business. When he was 17 years old, he accompanied his father and uncle on a journey to the court of the Mongol ruler, Kublai Khan. The Polo family traveled through present-day Turkey, Iraq, and Afghanistan, eventually reaching the Khan's palace in China.
During their time in the East, Marco Polo learned the Mongolian language and became a trusted advisor to the Khan. He also traveled extensively throughout the region, visiting many different countries and observing the customs and cultures of the people he encountered.
Upon returning to Europe in 1295, Marco Polo wrote a book about his travels, titled "The Travels of Marco Polo." The book was an immediate success and became one of the most widely read works of the time. It provided Europeans with their first detailed accounts of life in the East and introduced them to many exotic goods and products, such as silk, porcelain, and spices.
Despite his many accomplishments, Marco Polo was not always well-respected in his own time. Some people accused him of exaggerating his adventures and making up stories about the East. However, modern historians have largely dismissed these claims and recognize Marco Polo as one of the greatest explorers of all time.
In conclusion, Marco Polo was a remarkable figure who made significant contributions to the field of exploration and trade. His travels opened up new avenues of communication and exchange between Europe and Asia, and his book continues to be a fascinating and valuable resource for understanding the world of the 13th century.
They sailed to They continued overland until they arrived at Kublai initially refused several times to let the Polos return to Europe, as he appreciated their company and they became useful to him. . After living with the Mongolians for about three years, they tried to return to Europe, but by then a vicious war had developed between the Muslims and the Persians, blocking their path back to Europe. Such detailed descriptions are not found in other non-Chinese sources, and their accuracy is supported by archaeological evidence as well as Chinese records compiled after Polo had left China. Retrieved 13 December 2016. The information contained in his maps has proved remarkably accurate when tested by modern methods. He entered the service of Venice in its war against the rival city-state of Genoa.
Pasta myth There is a legend about Marco Polo importing Macaroni Journal, published by a food industry association with the goal of promoting the use of pasta in the United States. A few months before Marco Polo was born in 1254, his father Niccolo and uncle Maffeo left Italy on a trading excursion to Asia. He divided up the rest of his assets, including several properties, among individuals, religious institutions, and every guild and fraternity to which he belonged. The group was Polo also described Xanadu's "pleasure park" — more often known as Xanadu's "pleasure-dome," after the opening lines of the famous poem by Samuel Taylor Coleridge — as a high-walled garden palace replete with exotic animals and lined with gold and silver. According to the 15th-century humanist Messer Marco Milioni Mr Marco Millions.
Marco may also have governed the city of Yangzhou 1282—87. Though his four-year journey to Xanadu represented an epic initiation into the art of travel, it would be over the following years as a servant of Kublai Khan that Marco Polo would come to repeatedly traverse the continent of Asia at his patron's bidding. These conjectures seem to be supported by the fact that in addition to the imperial dignitary Saman the one who had arrested the official named "Boluo" , the documents mention his brother, Xiangwei. The story of Marco Polo's travels eclipses such debates and is undoubtedly one of the most influential tales of all time. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies.
Marco Polo may be the most storied Far East traveler, but he certainly was not the first. The return to China, over land and sea, desert and mountain, took slightly more than three years. Viaggio ai confini del Medioevo", Collezione Le Scie. His cellmate, Rustichello, was an author. Death In 1323, Polo was confined to bed, due to illness. While most modern historians still believe the bulk of his book to be factual, others have dismissed it as an outright fabrication and claim that Polo never even made it to China.
Mandeville & Marco Polo: Terra Incognita & World of the Imagination
According to ore recent studies, however, have sought to cement his reputation and prove that his story is based on fact. While Polo describes The Book of Marvels about China that could not be obtained via reading Persian books. Incidentally, the identity of Sir John Mandeville is disputed by scholars — Jan de Lange, a French abbot, appears a plausible but highly disputed candidate: he has been cited as publisher and patron of this and other works of travel literature of the time, and has been identified as the author behind the pseudonym of John Mandeville. It depicts the Polos' journeys throughout Asia, giving Europeans their first comprehensive look into the inner workings of the Polo was finally released from captivity in August 1299, contrada San Giovanni Crisostomo Corte del Milion. Both works have unequivocal merits and value; they seem to have, however, crossed paths along their respective histories.
Therefore, this claim seems a subsequent addition to give more credibility to the story. Translated by John Frampton Seconded. Young Marco would forge an especially strong bond with the Great Kahn, who later dispatched him to China and Southeast Asia as a tax collector and special messenger. They had travelled almost 15,000 miles 24,000km. These collections of maps were signed by Polo's three daughters, Fantina, Bellela and Moreta. Marco Polo: to China and back. Konzil von Lyon 1274," Annuarium historiae conciliarum 5 1973 , 241—302.
Marco Polo was among the first Europeans to describe many of the advanced technologies found in China. Captured by the Genoese soon after his return, Marco was imprisoned along with a writer, Rustichello, who helped him to write the tale of his travels. New York: Penguin Books. Polo also described coal—not widely used in Europe until the 18th century—and may even have introduced eyeglasses to the West. The airport in The Marco Polo Club". His description of the marvels he encounters is matter-of-fact, without flairs in his language or exaggeration.
It was in these reports that he displayed his talent as an objective and accurate observer. Family business Born into a noble family of Venetian merchants, Marco Polo began his long experience with Cathay through the adventures of his father, Niccolo, and his uncle, Maffeo Polo, partners in a trading operation at a time when Venice was the world leader in foreign commerce. Marco Polo Arriving at Hormuz from India, artist unknown, circa 1410, from Library of Congress, via Wikimedia Commons When we think of the world of discovery, we often think of explorers and pioneers with a certain sense of romance. Despite this significant loss, the Polos retained enough of their cargo to arrive home in 1295 as wealthy men. In his travels throughout the country, Marco was able to visit many cities and learn the culture.