Compare and contrast nursing theories. Compare And Contrast Middle Range Nursing Theory 2022-10-29
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Nursing theories are important tools that help to shape and guide the practice of nursing. They provide a framework for understanding and addressing the complex issues that arise in patient care, and they offer guidance on how best to provide care and support to individuals and families. There are many different nursing theories that have been developed over the years, and each one offers a unique perspective on the nature of nursing and the role of the nurse in the healthcare system.
One of the most well-known nursing theories is the biomedical model of nursing, which is based on the idea that illness is caused by physical abnormalities or problems within the body. According to this model, the primary role of the nurse is to identify and treat these physical problems through the use of medications and other interventions. The biomedical model is often used in acute care settings, such as hospitals, where the focus is on providing rapid and effective treatment for physical ailments.
Another influential nursing theory is the nursing process model, which was developed by Ida Jean Orlando in the 1950s. This model focuses on the importance of the nurse-patient relationship and emphasizes the role of the nurse in assessing, planning, implementing, and evaluating care. The nursing process model emphasizes the need for nurses to be proactive and to use their knowledge and skills to identify and address the unique needs of each patient.
A third nursing theory that has gained significant attention in recent years is the health belief model, which was developed by social psychologists in the 1950s. This model focuses on the factors that influence a person's decision to engage in health behaviors and to seek medical care. According to the health belief model, individuals are more likely to engage in healthy behaviors if they believe that they are at risk for a particular health problem, if they perceive the benefits of taking action to be greater than the costs, and if they feel that they have the necessary resources and support to take action.
Despite their differences, all of these nursing theories have one thing in common: they recognize the importance of the nurse-patient relationship and the role that nurses play in promoting the health and well-being of their patients. They offer different approaches to understanding and addressing the complex issues that arise in patient care, and they provide valuable guidance on how best to provide care and support to individuals and families.
In conclusion, nursing theories are important tools that help to shape and guide the practice of nursing. They offer different perspectives on the nature of nursing and the role of the nurse in the healthcare system, and they provide valuable guidance on how to provide care and support to patients. Whether focusing on the biomedical model, the nursing process model, or the health belief model, nursing theories are an essential part of the healthcare system and play a vital role in helping to promote the health and well-being of patients.
Compare And Contrast Two Nursing Theories
The theory has four major concepts: a human being is a valued person, health is a high level of overall all mental, physical, and social functioning, society provides values and goals, and finally, nursing is a human science Gonzalo et al. It is the most abstract type and sets forth the meaning of nursing phenomena through analysis, reasoning, and logical presentation. It is also specific to a specific population and field of practice. According to the model, spirituality influences stimulus for all adaptive behaviors. The characteristics basically, describes of the life processes of the patient are: Energy field, openness, pattern and dimensionality.
Whether they are nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, nurse anesthetists, or nurse midwives, play a pivotal role in the future of health care. She further progressed to define nursing as a deliberate act of helping people of certain unhealthy circumstances. Nursing theories and philosophies of nursing are related because they directly affect each other. Nursing fills a unique role as a facilitator of adaptation by assessing behavior in each of these four adaptive modes and intervening by managing the influencing stimuli George, 1995. Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Draper states that nursing theory is a tool This simile, although quite crude, captures the notion of goal orientation that a nursing theory is said to require. These theories address the nursing metaparadigm and explain the relationship between them.
She also noted that the responses were under the influence of certain factors such as historicity, specificity, and redundancy Webb, 1993. Definitions Definitions are used to convey the general meaning of the concepts of the theory. Orem identifies 5 requisites as known as; Activity of Daily Living;. The caring process that will reflect of the patient outcome and satisfaction Clerico et al. In this study the author concluded that interventions aimed at enhancing client well-being reduced fatigue. There are lots of theorists, who have furthered the development of nursing theory. It is the incorporation of theoretical and evidence-based knowledge with the experiences of human beings that facilitates the systematic and holistic delivery of nursing care The ANA, 2010.
A novice-is a beginner with no experience, they are bound by rules to assist in performing tasks. According to her, nurses should involve in self-care strategies, so that they have the energy and motivation to take care of the patients. Concepts are used to help describe or label a phenomenon. It is through spirituality that we search for fulfillment, meaning, and purpose in life. Person Person also referred to as Client or Human Beings is the recipient of nursing care and may include individuals, patients, groups, families, and communities. The theory shows a relational, dynamic relationship where a patient creates and develops to attain specific goals.
How can I use these theories in to my nursing practice on daily bases? Theories of Orem, Henderson, and Abdella are categorized under this group. What Are The Level Of Abstraction And Scope Of Nursing Theories 286 Words 2 Pages As nurses, we continue to gain knowledge and skills within our area of practice. Conceptual models of Levine, Rogers, Roy, King, and Orem are under this group. A balance between, activities and rest as well as between solitude and social interaction. For instance, Madeleine Leininger developed the theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality also known as transcultural nursing TCN , which helps nurses to be culturally competent. Surprisingly, the nursing system did not target the nurses; but instead, it was directed towards the sustenance of outstanding healthcare.
Important factors in all human beings adaptation include developmental stage, family and culture. Grand nursing theories consist of conceptual frameworks to provide broad insight useful for general practice. The assessment includes the collection and interpretation of data. Theories challenge the existing knowledge and practice, and change the structure of laws and principle. Theory is a set of interrelated concepts and statements The Theories Of Sister Callista Roy 's Adaptation Theory And Virginia Henderson The purpose of this paper is to explore the theories of Sister Callista Roy and Virginia Henderson. The answers came from reading Jacqueline Fawcett profile.
This theory influences independence and signifies that all patients want to care for themselves and recover more quickly by performing their care. As a professional nurse it will be my responsibility to practice compassion, respect, and genuineness for every patient I encounter. In addition, I discovered that the theory played a central role in advancing learning i. New York NY, Appleton. Nurses are men and women who are responsible along with other health care professionals for the treatment, safety and recovery of acutely or chronically ill or injured people, health maintenance of the healthy, and treatment of life-threatening emergencies in a wide range of health care settings. A person can perform self-care successfully by being able to adapt to the environment.
Orem theory is a broad theory with various aspects applied in nursing. In addition, her work has gained recognition on grounds that it has the potential for continual utilization in future studies and learning. Nursing, as a profession, is committed to recognizing its own unparalleled body of knowledge vital to nursing practice—nursing science. Stressors in five client populations: Neuman systems model-based literature review. Care could be inclusive of restoration of health and promotion of health. Smoking is one of the health concerns for this population. Nursing theories have been used and still used today as theoretical framework to guide in nursing clinical decision making and better practice.
Benner's Theory: Compare And Contrast Of Nursing Theories
Nurses develop a plan of care, sometimes working collaboratively with physicians, therapists, the patient, the patient 's family and other team members. There are numerous definitions of nursing, though nursing scholars may have difficulty agreeing on its exact definition. Adaptation is a positive response to the surrounding environment and changes; it is the response from the individual and choice to bring equilibrium between self and environment. She discussed four aspects of self-care, which includes theory of self-care, theory of dependent care, theory of self-care deficit and theory of nursing systems. The concepts presented in it also provide the foundation for testable hypotheses and future research such as the application of the model to the changes associated with menopause Cunnigham, 2002.
Orem sees health as living things functioning as a whole. In pursuit of her career, Orem developed a nursing theory in the name of a self-care model. It is a framework of concepts and purposes intended to guide nursing practice at a more concrete and specific level. It may have different meanings for each patient, the clinical setting, and the health care provider. Additionally, I also noted that the spiritual, philosophical, and moral bit of the theory has posed vast concerns because of their complexity in understanding. Need theorist focus in helping individuals fulfill their physical and mental needs, interaction theorist focus around nurse-patient relationship during time of illness, outcome theorist is based on balance and stability, energy, caring theorist focus on the humanistic universe health process, including mind and spirit. Therefore some dilemma and miss conception has been found with Orem theory, having unclear definition of family, community, nurse society relationship, and public education area.