Industrial uses of microbes. Industrial Uses of Soil Microbes 2022-10-31
Industrial uses of microbes
Microbes, or microorganisms, are tiny organisms that are found everywhere in the world and play a vital role in many processes. They can be found in soil, water, and even inside our bodies, and they are essential for maintaining the balance of ecosystems. In recent years, microbes have also been used in a variety of industrial applications, ranging from the production of food and drinks to the treatment of waste and the production of biofuels.
One of the most well-known industrial uses of microbes is in the production of food and drinks. Many fermented products, such as bread, beer, and yogurt, rely on the action of specific microbes to produce the desired flavors and textures. For example, baker's yeast is used to ferment dough and produce the carbon dioxide that gives bread its fluffy texture. Similarly, lactic acid bacteria are used to ferment milk and produce the tangy flavor and thick consistency of yogurt.
Another important industrial use of microbes is in the treatment of waste. Microbes are used in sewage treatment plants to break down organic matter and remove contaminants from wastewater. This process, known as biological treatment, relies on the ability of certain bacteria and other microbes to break down complex organic molecules into simpler compounds that can be safely released into the environment. In addition, microbes can be used to break down organic waste in landfills, reducing the amount of methane gas that is produced and helping to prevent greenhouse gas emissions.
Microbes are also being explored as a source of biofuels. Some types of bacteria can be used to convert plant material or other organic matter into biofuels such as ethanol or biodiesel. This process, known as biofuel production, has the potential to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels and help to combat climate change.
In addition to these applications, microbes are being used in a wide range of other industrial processes, such as the production of chemicals, the cleanup of oil spills, and the production of bioplastics. The use of microbes in industry is an exciting and rapidly evolving field, and there is still much to be learned about the potential of these tiny organisms.
Overall, the industrial uses of microbes are diverse and have the potential to make a significant impact on many different industries. From the production of food and drinks to the treatment of waste and the production of biofuels, microbes are playing an increasingly important role in modern society. As our understanding of these tiny organisms continues to grow, it is likely that we will see even more exciting and innovative uses for microbes in the future.
Role of Microorganisms in Industrial Processes
Formulations of entomopathogens as bioinsecticides. Let us know in detail about the role of microbes in industrial products. Also Refer:Â In large-scale industrial processes, microbes are widely used to synthesize a number of products valuable to human beings. Summary Microbes are a very important component of our daily life. Vitamin B 2 Neurospora gossypii and Eremothecium ashbyi , Vitamin B 12 Pseudomonas denitrificans and vitamin C Aspergillus niger. Adv Biochem Eng Biotechnol:1—39. Microbes used in the making of Biogas: Biogas is a combination of gases containing mostly methane created by microbial movement.
The Role of Microorganisms in Industrial Products
Shampi Jain, an agricultural economist is presently working as Assistant Professor, Department of Agriculture Science, Faculty of Agriculture Science and Technology, AKS University, Satna, India. Microbes used as biological agents: Biocontrol directs biological techniques for controlling plant diseases and pests. Different types of vitamins and the microbes used for their production are mentioned below in the given table: Vitamins Microbes used Vitamin B Probiotic bacteria like Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium Vitamin B 12 Pseudomonas denitrificans, Bacillus megaterium, Propionibacterium freudenreichii Biotin, Thiamine, folate and pantothenic acid Gut bacteria Vitamin K Members of the gut microbiota Riboflavin Microflora of the large intestine Cobalamin Salmonella typhimurium Fig: Different Types of Vitamins 6. Microbes are the reason for many diseases in humans and animals, but not all microbes are harmful in various ways. Some important vitamins microbial source are as follows. BOD is the amount of oxygen consumed if all the organic matter in a litre of sewage is oxidised by bacteria. Int J Genom 2016:1—14.
Bacteria in industry
The general presumption is that the microbes are harmful to us because some of them cause diseases to both plants and animals including humans. Examples of acid are Aspergillus niger, a type of fungus from citric acid, Clostridium bretylium; a type of bacteria from butyric acid and Lactobacillus; a type of bacteria from lactic acid. Some organic acids obtained from the microbial source are as follows. Metabolic products Traditionally, microbes used in fermentation processes have been naturally occurring strains of bacteria and molds that carry out a specific metabolic reaction on a substrate. Microb Cell Factories 13 1.
Bacteria and Their Industrial Importance
The microbes present in the sewage itself help in the treatment. The detergents used to remove oily stains contain enzymes such as lipases derived from microbes. Moreover, they usually multiply at a high rate, as evidenced by the 20-minute generation time for Escherichia coli under ideal conditions. Spoilage of Domestic Articles Bacteria such as Cellulomonas attack textiles, leathers, canvas, and wood articles, causing them to degrade… Denitrification occurs when bacteria such as PSEUDOMONAS, which live in waterlogged soil, take oxygen from the nitrates and convert them to gaseous nitrogen forms. Two everyday products obtained from fermentation in industrial processes are fermented beverages, malt grains, broths, fruit juices, and antibiotics.
Microbes in Industrial Products: Definition, Types, Role
J Inst Brew 123 3 :402—406. By combating pathogens, some microorganisms protect us from disease. An immuno-suppressant Cyclosporin A Trichoderma polysporum is used in organ transplant patients. We hope this article on Microbes in Industrial Products helps you in your preparation. How does this happen? Algae Algae are a diverse group of eukaryotic, non-vascular thallophytes, autotrophic, chlorophyll-containing organisms capable of producing oxygen through photosynthesis.
Industrial Uses of Microbes: Alcohol beverages, chemicals and organic
ADVERTISEMENTS: Certain properties make microorganisms well suited for industrial processes. Toddy a drink in southern India is also the result of microbial activity on sap from palms. Newer technology, however, employs small fragments of submerged hyphae or cells, rotated and agitated in the medium with a constant stream of oxygen. Oncotarget 7 16 :22,873—22,882. Barley grains are cleaned and soaked in water for about 2 days.
17: Industrial Microbiology
Microbes are the reason for many diseases in humans and animals, but not all microbes are harmful in various ways; we will see most of the tributes of microbes in human welfare notes further. These bacteria are called methanogens, commonly called Methanobacterium. The product of fermentation is distilled. Evidence for human use of microorganisms in the production of valuable goods extends back thousands of years. Microbes are so tiny that they can not be seen with bare eyes. However, several challenges still have to be overcome. Different microbes give rise to different gases based on the substrates they use.
Facts at your Fingertips: Industrial Microorganisms
Other proteases find value as liquid glues, laundry presoaks, meat tenderizers, drain openers, and spot removers. Microorganisms are majorly used for the production of industrial enzymes through the safe gene transfer methods. The citric acid Aspergillus niger , Gluconic acid Aspergillus niger , Fumaric acid Rhizopus arrhizus , Acetic acid or vinegar Acetobacter aceti , Butyric Acid Clostridium butylicum , Lactic acid. Microbes in sewage use: We, Humans, make large amounts of water waste every day; a major part of this water waste is human faeces; this municipal water waste is called sewage. Indiscriminate use of fertilizer in soil, barren land, various pollutants present in atmosphere result unhealthy environment for the living beings. Biomed Res Int 2015:1—9.