Nature and scope of public administration. Lecture 2 Nature and scope of Public Administration 2022-10-04
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Public administration is the implementation of government policy and the management of public programs. It involves the management of resources, the development of policies, and the provision of services to citizens. The nature and scope of public administration is vast and multifaceted, and it plays a critical role in the functioning of modern societies.
One of the key characteristics of public administration is its focus on serving the public. This means that public administrators must prioritize the needs and concerns of citizens, and work to ensure that government policies and programs are effective and equitable. Public administrators also have a responsibility to ensure that government resources are used efficiently and effectively, and to ensure that the delivery of services meets the highest standards of quality and integrity.
In addition to its focus on serving the public, public administration is also characterized by its wide scope. Public administrators are responsible for managing a wide range of programs and policies, including social welfare programs, education, healthcare, transportation, and environmental protection. This requires a deep understanding of the issues and challenges facing these different sectors, as well as the ability to develop and implement effective solutions.
One of the main challenges facing public administrators is the need to balance competing interests and priorities. For example, a public administrator may need to consider the needs of different stakeholders, such as the local community, business interests, and environmental groups, when making decisions about the allocation of resources. This requires a high level of political skill and the ability to build consensus and partnerships.
Another important aspect of public administration is its focus on accountability and transparency. Public administrators must be accountable to the citizens they serve, and they must be able to explain their decisions and actions in a clear and transparent manner. This requires strong communication skills and the ability to engage with the public in an open and honest way.
In conclusion, the nature and scope of public administration is vast and multifaceted. It involves the management of resources, the development of policies, and the provision of services to citizens, and it requires a deep understanding of the issues and challenges facing different sectors. Public administrators must prioritize the needs of the public, balance competing interests, and ensure transparency and accountability in their decision-making processes.
UNIT 1 Public Administration Meaning NAT
Simon, Peter Drucker, etc. In the wider sense it includes all the activities of the government whether falling in the sphere of legislature, executive or judicial branch of the government, in the narrow sense Public Administration is concerned with the activities of the executive branch only. Business is an economic activity. According to Gullick the POSDCoRB activities are common to all organisations. The summary of everything that has to do with biological, chemical and physical states and events in the physical universe. The paper discusses the concepts of administration and public administration thereby creating a distinction between the two concepts. The third world countries were moved to underdevelopment to development, these countries face many problems in this time.
NATURE, SCOPE AND APPROACHES OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
It deals in goods and services. In the 1960s and 1970s, government itself came under fire as ineffective, inefficient, and largely a wasted effort. The conduct of public affairs in advanced civilisations requires the employment of almost every profession and skill-engineering, law, medicine, and teaching; the crafts, the technical specialties, the office skills, and many others. The first and foremost objective of public administration is to efficiently deliver public services. . These activities include not only managerial and technical but also manual and clerical.
What is the nature and scope of public administration?
Generally Public Administration has been used in two senses. As an integral aspect of such generic concept, public administration could be related to that type of administration, which operates within a specific ecological setting. It is by all means larger than any big private concern in terms of size. What is the nature of public? In the modern welfare state, people expect many things — a wide variety of services to the people. Public Administration is the detailed a systematic execution of public law. There are also two views in the scope of public administration.
NATURE AND SCOPE OF PUBLIC childhealthpolicy.vumc.org
Reporting means informing the superiors within the agency to whom the executive is responsible about what is going on. The Subject Matter View We all know that public administration deals not only with the processes but also with the substantive matters of administration, such as Defence, Law and Order, Education, Public Health, Agriculture, Public Works, Social Security, Justice, Welfare, etc. Direction: Continuous task of making decisions and embodying them in specific, general orders. Staffing: Training, maintaining favorable work conditions i. But in science there is always an absolute agreement on the definition of the subject, or a concept, or a scientific law.
What are the scope and nature of public administration?
While public administration relates to the activities carried out by government, private administration refers to the management of private business enterprises. Public Gaze: All the actions of public administration are exposed to wide public gaze because the public closely watches it. Lower level of Efficiency: Efficiency is said to be the cornerstone of any organisation. With the breakdown of joint families, the problem of looking after the old and infants, orphans and widows comes up. The nature of a business describes the type of business it is and what its overall goals are. It confines its study only to those human activities in relation to exchange of goods and services for money. It is a means to carry out the policy decisions made by political executive.
Lecture 2 Nature and scope of Public Administration
The public administration is thus not only a protector of citizens from external dangers or internal disorders, but has become the greatest provider of various services. Legal framework: Public administration operates within a legal framework. There are many discussions about the scope of Public Administration, some scholars are argued that in the Neo-liberal time the scope of Public administration is very less and Private administration have growing importance. What does Gullick say about the nature of Public Administration? Luther Gullick and Herbert Simon subscribe this view. What are the two scope of public administration? When compared to private administration, one finds that the degree of efficiency in public organisations is at a lower level. Scope Of Public Administration In the modern time Public administration have a pivotal role.
It is also regarded as POSDCORB view. Absence of profit motive: The absence of profit motive from the Public administration is another feature, which distinguishes it from the private administration. Every particular application of law is an act of administration. Its nature is affected by the sphere with which it is concerned. The nature of administration is bureaucratic- this statement is true.
In Ancient Greek, Roman and Indian political system gave more importance to the concept of Administration. Specifically, it is the planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling of government operations. Ø Development of Communication and Technology Ø The Development of Neo-Liberal State Ø The concept of Participatory Development Ø Good Governance. Today public administration is often regarded as including also some responsibility for determining the policies and programs of governments. But this difference is more apparent than real.
Staffing means the recruitment and training of the personnel and their conditions of work. It occurs in such diverse institution as settings as a business firm, labour unions, religious or charitable organisations, educational institutions, etc. The breadth, depth or reach of a subject; a domain. Public administration is "centrally concerned with the organization of government policies and programmes as well as the behavior of officials usually non-elected formally responsible for their conduct. Government officials are obliged to act within their legal powers and not outside the law. It is important to understand the functioning of administration for on this lies the understanding of the government. It aims at earning profits through the satisfaction of human wants.