Chicago manual of style quotes. Chicago Manual of Style 2022-10-29
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The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) is a widely respected style guide used by writers, editors, and researchers in the fields of publishing, education, and the social sciences. One important aspect of the CMS is its guidelines for handling quotations and citations within written work.
According to the CMS, quotations should be used sparingly and only to add clarity or emphasis to a statement. When a quotation is used, it should be accurately reproduced and clearly attributed to the original source. Quotations that are longer than four lines of text should be set off from the main text as a block quote, with the entire quotation indented and the text double-spaced.
The CMS recommends using quotation marks to enclose a quotation that is incorporated into the text of a paper. For example:
According to John Smith, "The best way to learn a new skill is to practice it regularly."
If a quotation is altered in any way, the changes should be indicated using brackets. For example:
According to John Smith, "The best way to learn a new skill is to [regularly] practice it."
It is important to properly cite the source of any quotation using the CMS citation style. This includes providing the author's name, the title of the work, and relevant publication information. If a quotation is used in the text of a paper, the full citation should be included in the works cited list at the end of the paper.
In summary, the CMS provides clear guidelines for handling quotations in written work. By following these guidelines, writers can accurately reproduce the words of others while giving proper credit to the original source.
When to use italics. 14 rules from The Chicago Manual of Style.
Many English style and usage guides exist, and many organizations have their own in-house guides. Sacred Texts Note: Citations of sacred texts such as the Christian Bible, Islam's Holy Qur'an and the Hebrew Torah generally occur only in the in-text citation and are not included in the References List. This convention applies equally to dialogue and narration. Congressional Records and Documents References List Format: Congressional Body or Committee Name. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2010.
Quotations and Block Quotes in Chicago Referencing
The Chicago Manual of Style is an American English style guide published by the University of Chicago Press. New York: Henry Holt, 2013. This offers writers a flexible option for citation and provides an outlet for commenting on those sources, if needed. These resources follow the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style 17t h edition , which was issued in 2017. The Victims of Crime. Display of the flag of the United States of America at half-staff upon the death of certain officials and former officials.
If a given work cited in the bibliography or reference list be excessively long due to title or subtitle, there are provisions for making the complete citation in the reference list and then using an abbreviated form in the notes list to avoid excessive documentation. New York: Simon Pulse, 2013. Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia. United States treaties and other international agreements. Stop, I tell you! I Am Nujood, Age 10 and Divorced.
The Chicago Manual of Style is an American English style and usage guide published continuously by the University of Chicago Press since 1906. References List Format: First Author-Last Name first. In sum, Ghomeshi et al. After the date, include a DOI digital object identifier or, if the source does not have a DOI, a stable URL. How do they look?.
Edited by Name of Editor-First Name First. The Manual as we know it today was published in 1906 as Manual of Style: Being a Compilation of the Typographical Rules in Force at the University of Chicago Press, to Which Are Appended Specimens of Type in Use. Article in an Online Magazine Seigel, Jacob. For a source accessed through a database, include the name of the database and any number assigned to the source. Singapore: Silkroad Press, 2013. Footnotes are added at the end of the page on which the source is referenced, while endnotes are compiled at the end of each chapter or at the end of the entire document.
Breaking Down Punctuation Rules from The Chicago Manual of Style
Directed by Kenny Ortega. Note: When not part of the newspaper title, include name of American city, in italics, along with the rest of the title, as shown here: Denver Rocky Mountain News Note: When city name is not well known, or there is more than one city in America with the same name, include the state abbreviation, in parenthesis and not italicized, as shown here: Ashtabula, OH Star-Beacon Note: Follow the title of foreign newspapers with its hometown name, in parenthesis and not italicized, as shown here: Sunday Times London 7. References List Format: Provide the title first, the name of the director, the company, the year it was filmed, the medium film, videocassette, DVD. Example Two: Letting Ana Go. Translated by Linda Coverdale. If a work includes a bibliography, which is typically preferred, then it is not necessary to provide full publication details in notes. Place of Publication: Name of Publisher.
Chicago Style Workout 15: Punctuation and Closing Quotation Marks
Much like the APA, it emphasizes authors and dates of publication, both of which are important benchmarks denoting relevancy and validity in the social and the natural sciences. Example: Goodwin, Doris Kearns. Article in a Newspaper Note: In most cases, newspaper articles are cited in running text and are not included in the References List; however, when you do, follow the example below. Citation Information Will Allen, Peter Connor, Heidi Scott, and Laurel Nesbitt. Pointing is also a gesture, but many editors would draw the line before allowing that verb as a dialogue tag. The Chicago Manual of Style: The Essential Guide for Writers, Editors, and Publishers.
Eventually, the Manual became a canonical work synonymous with its home institution, akin to the Oxford English Dictionary. ~When a full sentence is in parentheses, the period belongs within the closing parenthesis 6. South Dakota Water Resource Development. ~When an occasion arises to use parentheses within parentheses, replace the inner parentheses with brackets 6. If no author or editor is listed, the title or, as a last resort, a descriptive phrase may be used. Interviews, Letters and Personal Communications 1. Paper read at 9th Annual Symposium on Language and Culture, Columbia, SC, 27 April.
These designations will be consistent with those you have given the works in the reference list. Follow UNG Press on Facebook , Twitter , and Instagram and find our complete catalog on our homepage. The Chicago Manual of Style provides no guidance for a References List entry. Some guides are specific to particular fields like law, whereas others have more general applications. Separate names with commas.