Shakuntala is a play written by the ancient Indian playwright Kalidasa in the 4th century CE. It is based on the story of Shakuntala, a beautiful and virtuous young woman who is abandoned by her husband, the king Dushyanta, due to a curse. Despite this, Shakuntala remains devoted to Dushyanta and eventually wins his love and forgiveness through her perseverance and purity of heart.
The play opens with Shakuntala, the daughter of the sage Vishvamitra and the apsara Menaka, living in the hermitage of her foster father, the sage Kanva. She falls in love with Dushyanta, who is out hunting in the forest, and the two become married according to the custom of "Gandharva marriage," in which a couple declares their love for each other without any formal ceremony.
However, Shakuntala's happiness is short-lived when a curse from a rishi causes Dushyanta to forget about her and their marriage. Shakuntala is heartbroken and decides to leave the hermitage to search for her husband. Along the way, she encounters many trials and tribulations, including the scorn of Dushyanta's mother and the hostility of the king's court.
Despite these obstacles, Shakuntala remains determined and continues to plead her case to Dushyanta. Eventually, the curse is lifted and Dushyanta remembers his love for Shakuntala. The play ends with the happy reunion of the couple and their eventual return to the kingdom, where they rule justly and happily.
One of the themes of the play is the power of love and devotion. Shakuntala's love for Dushyanta is unwavering, even when he forgets about her and treats her with disdain. Through her perseverance and faith, she is able to win back his love and forgiveness.
Another theme is the importance of virtue and inner strength. Despite the many challenges and setbacks she faces, Shakuntala remains true to her values and never wavers in her quest to be reunited with Dushyanta. This inner strength and moral fortitude ultimately help her to triumph over the obstacles in her path.
Shakuntala is a timeless tale that continues to be popular and relevant even today. Its themes of love, devotion, and inner strength speak to universal human experiences and emotions, making it a timeless classic that continues to be enjoyed by audiences around the world.
Kalidasa's Shakuntala Literary Yog
The title is sometimes translated as The token-for-recognition of Śakuntalā or The Sign of Śakuntalā. Only the scenery has changed. Shakuntala had not known cupid before; hence her heart was bare of armour, and she could not distrust either the sentiment of love or the character of the lover. The fisherman in this play was the helping God in her life. At this point, it seems that duty and love will become one for Shakuntala, though it will actually turn out to be some time before they are fully united. The revealing of the desire to be with Shakuntala justifies the statement.
Character of Shakuntala in Abhigyan Shakuntalam by Kalidasa
Thy guerdon be a son of peerless worth, Whose wide dominion shall embrace the earth. Enter a HERMIT, and two others with him. His genealogy and the principal events of his life are narrated in the Ramayana, the first of the two epic poems which were to the Hindus what the Iliad and the Odyssey were to the Greeks. I will now go in. In the She was surrounded in the solitude of the wilderness by śakuntas, therefore, hath she been named by me Shakuntala Shakunta-protected. Thus the king lays aside the insignia of royalty upon entering the grove Act I.
Dushyanta sends Madhavya to his place. As they part ways, Shakuntala lingers on the pretense of a snagged blouse, watching Dusyanta. CHARIOTEER, FISHERMAN, OFFICERS, AND HERMITS. Speak for yourself, girl; this is the thought in your own mind. After that, he builds a camp nearby the penance groves. Retrieved 7 March 2021. The time of the carpenter arrives soon, and after one day has passed, the king of "Doshiant" finds the palate, returns to the capital, to take his pregnant wife to his court in all its glory.
The greater the reason you ought not to part with the ring from your finger. The third change is a necessary consequence of the first; for without the curse, there could have been no separation, no ensuing remorse, and no reunion. After spending some time with Shakuntala Dushyanta leaves the ashram to look after his kingdom. Sire, the ground here is full of hollows; I have therefore drawn in the reins and checked the speed of the chariot. The king greets the boy amazed by his boldness and strength. In Meghaduta, Kalidasa draws a difference between them.
One night long ago I pulled this Sanskrit masterpiece somewhat flippantly from the shelf at around 7pm and didn't lift my head from it again until the intercom announced the library would be closing in 30 minutes. Retrieved 30 June 2021. The need felt by the British public for some such translation as I have here offered can scarcely be questioned. Then the king determined to enter, that he might see the great sage Kanva, rich in holiness. Nine illustrious men of genius are said to have adorned his Court, and to have been supported by his bounty.
They want him to save them from demons. When the King enters the hermitage, he notices Shakuntala and her two friends, Anasuya and Priyamvada, watering the sacred trees. Πρόκειται για ένα δαχτυλίδι που φέρει την σφραγίδα του. Kalidasa has employed dramatic devices to enhance the poetic and dramatic effect of the narrative. It is, ordinarily, a foremost appeal of the said topic.
But, by way of relief, an element of life is generally introduced in the character of the Vidushaka, or Jester, who is the constant companion of the hero; and in the young maidens, who are the confidential friends of the heroine, and soon become possessed of her secret. He no more sees her as an object of passion. In Act VII, we observe he transforms himself from a passionate lover to a mature lover. An invisible voice informs Kanva that Shakuntala is pregnant. Dainik Bhaskar in Hindi. A play told as if it were a fairytale. Theater of Memory: The Plays of Kalidasa.
Shakuntala is a wonderful creation of Kalidasa. . The metaphor of the husband as mango tree, the wife wives? Here, love and duty intersect, though Shakuntala is still clearly troubled by the seeming conflict between them. Retrieved 14 June 2021. The king forbids his general and soldiers to kill any animal and instructs them not to disturb the holy men. He needs the ring to validate his love.