# Describe the graph of flow versus viscosity. Flow vs Pressure: Why, When, Detailed Facts 2022-10-24

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The graph of flow versus viscosity is a representation of the relationship between two properties of a fluid: its ability to flow and its resistance to flow. In general, the viscosity of a fluid is a measure of its thickness or resistance to flow, while flow is a measure of the ease with which a fluid can move through a system.

When plotted on a graph, the flow of a fluid is typically represented on the x-axis, while the viscosity of the fluid is plotted on the y-axis. The resulting graph can take on a variety of shapes, depending on the specific properties of the fluid being plotted.

One common type of graph of flow versus viscosity is a linear graph, in which the slope of the line represents the fluid's viscosity. In this type of graph, a fluid with a high viscosity will have a steeper slope, while a fluid with a low viscosity will have a shallower slope.

Another type of graph of flow versus viscosity is a non-linear graph, in which the relationship between flow and viscosity is not a straight line. This type of graph is often seen in fluids that exhibit non-Newtonian behavior, such as fluids that are shear-thinning or shear-thickening. Shear-thinning fluids, such as ketchup or paint, become less viscous when subjected to shear stress, while shear-thickening fluids, such as toothpaste or non-Newtonian mud, become more viscous under the same conditions.

In addition to these two common types of graphs, there are also other shapes that may be seen on a graph of flow versus viscosity. For example, a fluid with a constant viscosity over a range of flows may produce a horizontal line on the graph, while a fluid with a viscosity that increases rapidly at low flows and then levels off may produce a curve on the graph.

Overall, the shape of the graph of flow versus viscosity is a useful tool for understanding the behavior of fluids and predicting how they will behave under different conditions. It can be used to compare the properties of different fluids, to design systems that involve the flow of fluids, and to understand the behavior of fluids in various applications.

## The Physio Cardio Lab Report Answers

Only one of these factors, the radius, can be changed rapidly by vasoconstriction and vasodilation, thus dramatically impacting resistance and flow. Our range in this case is a tight Ā±0. The smaller blood vessel radius, the lesson blood or fluid flow. Flow: The meaning of the flow is when a liquid substance goes through in a motion at a specific time at the given cross sectional area of the system. If you double the viscosity it would be 4000, five times the viscosity would be 10,000, and 10 times stiffer would be 20,000. Explain whether it would be better to adjust heart rate or blood vessel diameter to achieve blood flow changes at a local level. One of several things this equation allows us to do is calculate the resistance in the vascular system.

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## 20.2 Blood Flow, Blood Pressure, and Resistance

Adipose tissue does not have an extensive vascular supply. Although understanding the math behind the relationships among the factors affecting blood flow is not necessary to understand blood flow, it can help solidify an understanding of their relationships. Arteriosclerosis begins with injury to the endothelium of an artery, which may be caused by irritation from high blood glucose, infection, tobacco use, excessive blood lipids, and other factors. Since pressure in the veins is normally relatively low, for blood to flow back into the heart, the pressure in the atria during atrial diastole must be even lower. While leukocytes and platelets are normally a small component of the formed elements, there are some rare conditions in which severe overproduction can impact viscosity as well. Additionally, as air pressure within the thorax drops, blood pressure in the thoracic veins also decreases, falling below the pressure in the abdominal veins.

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## Viscosity Comparison Chart

Further, small changes in the radius will greatly affect flow, since it is raised to the fourth power in the equation. The elevation of the chest caused by the contraction of the external intercostal muscles also contributes to the increased volume of the thorax. Temperature and lot variations cannot come close. How well did the results compare with your prediction. Medications to reduce cholesterol and blood pressure may be prescribed.

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## Flow vs Pressure: Why, When, Detailed Facts

But that principle tends to be lost on processors and designers. Pulse Pressure As shown in Figure 1, the difference between the systolic pressure and the diastolic pressure is the pulse pressure. That is, shot to shot, summer to winter, machine to machine. Simultaneously, valves inferior to the contracting muscles close; thus, blood should not seep back downward toward the feet. As evidenced from the text, when flow tube radius increases in a blood vessel, the flow rate is much more free flowing and flows a lot quicker as the radius is increased. Focus on the three critical variables: radius r , vessel length Ī» , and viscosity Ī·. Flow tube radius change has a direct effect on flow rate.

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## Understanding Polymer Flow: Interpreting the Viscosity Curve

The next step in interpreting the data may be asking this question: Where on the curve do want the process to run? In fact, arterioles are the site of greatest resistance in the entire vascular network. Blood vessel length, when increased causes more friction or resistance thus making it more difficult for blood to flow through the vessel. Because of this, many processors pick a point near the shortest fill time. Explain the effect that the flow tube radius change had on flow rate. Studying the Effect of Flow Tube Length on Fluid Flow Data. An increase in viscosity lead to a decrease in flow rate.

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## Fluid Flow

It is pumped from the heart into the arteries at high pressure. Gaining about 10 pounds adds from 2000 to 4000 miles of vessels, depending upon the nature of the gained tissue. Flow Pressure Definition Flow can be describe as the measurement for any device that air is emitted from that device at any point in time that is given in terms of volume. Treatment includes lifestyle changes, such as weight loss, smoking cessation, regular exercise, and an adoption of a diet low in sodium and saturated fats. Again, the presence of one-way valves and the skeletal muscle and respiratory pumps contribute to this increased flow. If the biggest single factor in the viscosity of most plastics is injection speed or fill time, what does that mean for processing? In an open system by the process the mass of the liquid substance is move one area to another area in a fixed time at a standard pressure. Does the data tell you when to change speeds and what speeds to use? In this experiment, radius, viscosity, and length remained constant, and pressure and flow rate were the variables.

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## How is flow rate related to viscosity?

Hydraulic flow is also known as flow rate. As shown in Figure 3, the first sound heard through the stethoscopeāthe first Korotkoff soundāindicates systolic pressure. Cardiac Output Cardiac output is the measurement of blood flow from the heart through the ventricles, and is usually measured in liters per minute. Discuss the effect that polycythemia would have on viscosity and on blood flow. Ventricular contraction ejects blood into the major arteries, resulting in flow from regions of higher pressure to regions of lower pressure, as blood encounters smaller arteries and arterioles, then capillaries, then the venules and veins of the venous system. . I like the linear plot because it shows the magnitude of viscosity variation as you change shear rate by changing injection velocity or fill time.

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## Blood Flow, Blood Pressure, and Resistance

In addition, constriction causes the vessel lumen to become more rounded, decreasing resistance and increasing blood flow. Initially, no sounds are heard since there is no blood flow through the vessels, but as air pressure drops, the cuff relaxes, and blood flow returns to the arm. Venous System The pumping action of the heart propels the blood into the arteries, from an area of higher pressure toward an area of lower pressure. Some molders waste hours on this, to the point of changing the profile daily. The pulse strength indicates the strength of ventricular contraction and cardiac output. If the pressure increases at a standard temperature then the flow also increases and if the pressure is decreases then the flow is also decreases. How can this phenomenon be explained? This increased pressure causes blood to flow upward, opening valves superior to the contracting muscles so blood flows through.

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