Water act 1974 ppt. Water (Pollution & Control) Act 1974 2022-10-28
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The Water Act 1974 is a key piece of legislation in the United Kingdom that sets out the legal framework for the management and protection of water resources in England and Wales. The act has played a crucial role in ensuring that water resources are used sustainably and in the best interests of the public.
The main purpose of the Water Act 1974 is to establish a system for the planning, development, and management of water resources in England and Wales. It also sets out the powers and duties of the various bodies responsible for water management, including the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, the Environment Agency, and the Welsh Ministers.
One of the key features of the Water Act 1974 is the creation of the Water Resources Board, which is responsible for overseeing the management of water resources in England and Wales. The board is responsible for preparing water resources plans, which set out the policies and proposals for the development and management of water resources in a particular region. These plans are subject to public consultation and must be approved by the Secretary of State before they can be implemented.
The Water Act 1974 also establishes a system for the regulation of water companies in England and Wales. Water companies are required to hold a licence from the Water Resources Board in order to operate, and the act sets out the conditions that must be met in order for a company to obtain and retain a licence. These conditions include requirements for the maintenance and improvement of water quality, the protection of the environment, and the provision of efficient and reliable water services.
In addition to these provisions, the Water Act 1974 also contains provisions relating to the protection of water resources from pollution and other forms of damage. The act gives the Environment Agency and local authorities the power to take action to prevent or mitigate pollution of water resources, and it sets out the procedures that must be followed in the event of a pollution incident.
Overall, the Water Act 1974 is a crucial piece of legislation that plays a vital role in the management and protection of water resources in England and Wales. It ensures that water resources are used sustainably and in the best interests of the public, and it helps to protect the environment and safeguard the quality of our water supplies.
Water (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1974
The terms and conditions of service of the Member-Secretary has to be prescribed by the State Government. Compulsory acquisition of land for the State Board sec. The State is obligated to preserve and protect the environment. The state boards have also been empowered to issue notices imposing conditions to those industries and others which have not taken consent from it under sub section 5 of this section. AnActtoprovideforthepreventionandcontrolofwaterpollutionandthemaintainingorrestoringofwholesomenessofwater,for the establishment, with a view to carrying out the purposes aforesaid, of Boards for the prevention and control of water pollution,forconferringonandassigningtosuchBoardspowersandfunctionsrelatingtheretoandformattersconnectedtherewith. An appellate authority shall consist of a single person or three persons as the State Government may think fit, to be appointed by that Government. State Pollution Control Boards constituted in respective states under section 4 of the Act.
The State Government has supercede the State Board under of the Act. Section 64 Power to the State Govt. The object for legislating the act was given as It is, therefore, essential to ensure that the domestic and industrial effluents are not allowed to be discharged into the water courses without adequate treatment as such discharges would render the water unsuitable as sources of drinking water as well as for supporting fish life and for use in irrigation. This is also the first specific and comprehensive legislation institutionalizing simultaneously the regulatory agencies for controlling water pollution. The fees payable for such appeal and the procedure to be followed by the appellate authority shall be such as may be prescribed.
A State Board may review the refusal of any consent referred to in sub-section 1 of section 25 or Section 26. Section 41 2 Failure to comply with any order under section 32 1 c or direction by a court under section 33 2 or a direction under section 33 A. Whoever fails to comply with any order issued under Clause of sub-section 1 of section 32 or any directions issued under Section 33 2 , shall, in respect of such failure, and on conviction be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than one year and six months but which may extend to six years and with fine, and in case the failure continues, with an additional fine which may extend to five thousand rupees for every day during which such failure continues after the conviction for the first such failure. Prior Consent of the State Board under section 25 is necessary i to set up any industry, plant or process which is likely to discharge sewage or trade effluent into a stream or well or sewer or on land ;or ii bring into use any new or altered outlets for the discharge of sewage; or iii begin to make any new discharge of sewage. It has to prepare its annual activity report to be placed before the state assembly.
Water (prevention & control of pollution) act, 1974
The Central Government or the State Government can appoint Analysts for the purpose of analyzing the samples. Section 2 j Stream Includes river, water course whether flowing or for the time being dry , inland water whether natural or artificial , sub-terranean waters, sea or tidal water to such extent or as the case may be to such point as the state government may by notification in the official gazette specify in the behalf. Protection of action taken in good faith sec. About State Board Uttarakhand Uttarakhand Environment Protection and Pollution Control Board is not such board which has been envisaged under the Water Act, 1974. A member who has been removed under this section shall not be eligible for renomination as a member. The Central Board with the approval of Central Government and the State Board with the approval of State Government can appoint persons to be Boards Analysts through notifications in Official Gazette for the purpose of analyzing the samples.
Entry shall be at reasonable hours if the premises are used for residential purposes. The above said provisions under section 4 of the Act are clear that the member chairman must be from the field relating to environment protection and the member secretary must be from the field of pollution control Meetings of the Board A board shall meet at least once in every three months and shall observe such rules of procedure in regard to the transaction of business at its meeting as may be prescribed. A State Board may review the grant of any consent without any condition it includes Deemed Consent Funds, Accounts and Audit The Boards constituted under this act will have its own funds and my expend such sums as those think fit for performing its functions under this Act or Air Act. Section 25 Authorization for new outlets and new discharges and power of State Board to take action with regard to unauthorized outlets. Section 33 A Power to give directions Subject to the provisions of this Act, and to any direction that the Central Government may give in this behalf, a Board may issue any directions in writing to any person, officer or authority, and such person, officer or authority shall be bound to comply with such directions. The duties and powers of the Member Secretary has to be prescribed by the State Government or has to be delegated by the Board or the Chairman of the Board. A committee was set up in 1962 to draw a draft enactment for the prevention of water pollution.
For maintaining its account the Board has to appoint such persons who are experienced and well qualified in the field. In relation to any substance, the person, in possession of the substance. Provided that if, in the opinion of the Chairman, any business of an urgent nature is to be transacted, he may convene a meeting of the Board at such time as he thinks fit for the aforesaid purpose. The provisions which make an application for consent for new outlets as deemed consent has been prescribed in sub-section 7, and can be summarized as follows: The application has been filed under sub-section 1 of section 25. A notification in Official Gazette is required to be issued only for appointing a day with effect from which such a Board is to function. Constitution of Joint Board sec.
Moreso Boards are issuing consent with the condition Zero Discharge without ensuring whether this condition could be met or complied by the Industry. The Government can only act in accordance with the powers emanating from the provisions of the Act or the Rules framed thereunder and not otherwise Functions of the State Board Functions of a State Board has been prescribed in section 17 of the Act as well as of the Air Pollution Act, 1981. The polluter must meet the cost of repairing environment and ecology and pay reparation to those, who have suffered because of the pollution, caused by him. The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette:- a Alter any water pollution, prevention and control area whether by way of extension or reduction; or b Define a new water pollution, prevention and control area in which may be merged one or more water pollution, prevention and control areas, or any part or parts thereof. State pollution control board may appoint a consulting engineer on such salaries and allowances while imposing terms and conditions of service to be rendered to it. Temporary association of persons with Board 10 for particular purposes Sec. Local authorities to assist sec.
Functions of Central Board sec 18The Central Board may establish or recognize 16 laboratory or laboratories to enable the a Central Board to perform its functions under this section efficiently. It would be a consent without any condition. Therefore, provisions ar made to prevent direct or indirect entry into any stream, well or polluting water. After the legislation of Environment Protection Act, 1986 wherein the Standards for Effluent has been prescribed in the EP Rules, the Boards merely mentioned those rules in the conditions of the consent. The State Board or any officer authorized in this behalf shall have the power. Section 39 Funds, Accounts and Audit contd.