Yeltsin biography. Boris Yeltsin: Russian Federation's First President 2022-10-26
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Boris Yeltsin was a Russian politician who served as the first President of the Russian Federation, from 1991 to 1999. Born on February 1, 1931 in the village of Butka, in the Sverdlovsk region of the Soviet Union, Yeltsin grew up in a working-class family and received a technical education.
After completing his studies, Yeltsin began his career as an engineer, working in various construction projects in the Sverdlovsk region. In 1976, he entered politics, becoming a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). He quickly rose through the ranks of the party, becoming the first secretary of the Sverdlovsk regional party committee in 1976 and a member of the CPSU Central Committee in 1981.
As a member of the CPSU, Yeltsin became known for his reformist ideas and his willingness to challenge the status quo. In 1985, he was appointed to the Politburo, the highest decision-making body of the CPSU, and in 1986, he was made the head of the Moscow City Party Committee.
In 1991, Yeltsin was elected President of the Russian Federation in the country's first presidential election. As President, Yeltsin faced numerous challenges, including a deteriorating economy, political unrest, and conflicts with the Russian parliament. Despite these challenges, Yeltsin was able to implement significant economic and political reforms, including the privatization of state-owned industries and the promotion of democracy and civil society.
Yeltsin's presidency was marked by controversy and criticism, and he faced impeachment proceedings in 1999. However, he ultimately resigned from office on December 31, 1999, and was succeeded by Vladimir Putin.
Boris Yeltsin was a significant figure in the history of Russia and played a pivotal role in the country's transition from communism to democracy. Despite the challenges he faced during his presidency, his efforts to reform and modernize Russia had a lasting impact on the country's development.
Who was Boris Yeltsin? The first Russian president's biography
In response, the hastily called 9th Congress of People's Deputies attempted to remove Yeltsin from presidency through During the summer of 1993, a situation of On 21 September 1993, in breach of the constitution, Yeltsin announced in a televised address his decision to disband the Supreme Soviet and Congress of People's Deputies by decree. Putin's personality interested me for a long time, and I did my research to understand how he became who he's. On July 3, 1996, he won his second presidential election. Nikolai worked in a construction site whereas Klavdiva earned a living by being a seamstress. It was also no secret that he was diagnosed with alcoholism.
On September 10th, 1987, Boris Yeltsin became the first-ever Politburo member to resign. When Mr Gorbachev took power in 1985, he chose Mr Yeltsin to reform the corrupt Moscow party hierarchy. He left his village of Berezniki to move to Sverdlovsk so he could go to school at the Urals Polytechnic Institute. Boris Yeltsin stepped in to lead those opposed to the illegally seized reins of power. When he was angry with parliament for not passing a new constitution, he dissolved it and started a new one. For the same, he terminated the government price subsidies on food and consumer goods and allowed the free markets and private enterprise to emerge. Yeltsin dissolved parliament in September 1993 and a sit-in peaceful protest began.
La Rusia de Yeltsin. After graduating in 1955, Yeltsin's degree enabled him to enter the workforce as a project foreman at Lower Iset Construction Directorate, also in Sverdlovsk. In the fall of 1991 Yeltsin and other republic leaders declared the independence of their respective republics, and in December the presidents of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus Belorussia formed the Commonwealth of Independent States CIS , declaring they would no longer recognize the Soviet Union as of January 1, 1992. His father Nikolai was a construction worker and his mother Claudia was a dressmaker. Shortly after the news broke, former Soviet leader "I express my profoundest condolences to the family of the deceased, who had major deeds for the good of the country as well as serious mistakes behind him. In 1961, he joined After moving to Moscow, Boris Nikolayevich solves construction issues already at the all-Union level.
Colton suggested that "Yeltsin leaves nobody indifferent. By 1980, Yeltsin had developed the habit of appearing unannounced in factories, shops, and public transport to get a closer look at the realities of Soviet life. Freedom is like that. The New York Times. Only nine years after the gulags for being kulaks: wealthy peasants who hindered communism.
It makes me pity the Russian peasants under the Tsars, the workers under Communism but I AM a Dem Soc , and almost everybody under the mafia mob rule of Oligarch Vlad the First. Yeltsin remained a party member, and Gorbachev appointed him a deputy minister in the construction industry, an area in which he had decades of experience. Yeltsin's attempts to create a better economy were often crippled by corruption and incompetence, and he became increasingly disliked by the Russian people as a result. New York: Dutton, 1991. Retrieved 30 April 2018. It probably deserves a higher rating, but since I have only the most generalized knowledge of USSR politics this book was a tome; it may as well have been the course text in a post-grad class. After Yeltsin's death, Michiel Staal, a Dutch neurosurgeon, said that his team had been secretly flown to Moscow to operate on Yeltsin in 1999.
Gorbachev was taken from Moscow to the Crimea. Although reelected in 1996, Yeltsin's future was clouded by Russia's economic crisis and the failure of his reform program, combined with the bitter aftertaste of Yeltsin's confrontation with parliament. He was laid in state in the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow. He became a chief engineer within Sverdlovsk. Retrieved 26 April 2010. «She was always modest, friendly.
He also became a member of the policy-making party of the Communist Party called Politburo. Gorbachev was elected chairman president of the Soviet Union by the new parliament. When you have it, you don't notice it. New York: Basic Books. At the start of his second term, he signed a peace treaty with Chechnya. On July 10, 1991, Boris Yeltsin officially assumed office as the first president of Russia.
In 2013, a memorial sculpture in relief, dedicated to Yeltsin, was erected on Nunne street, at the base of the Patkuli stairs in Tallinn, for his contribution to the peaceful independence of Estonia during 1990—1991. The family is believed to be closely knit. Yeltsin's policies were frequently challenged during 1992, ending in a major showdown with the Russian parliament in December 1992. Where possible, Yeltsin tried to improve consumer welfare in the province, arguing that it would make for more productive workers. At the same time, Yeltsin's family was growing; in September 1956, he married Girina. After one year of professional exile, Yeltsin came back to Moscow with a vengeance, this time as an elected official to the new Congress of People's Deputies, Russia's new parliament.
That moment would become one of the enduring portraits of the new When the coup collapsed after a few days, Mr Gorbachev returned to Moscow but power had shifted to Mr Yeltsin, who was negotiating with the leaders of Ukraine and Belarus for an arrangement to replace the Soviet Union. The first Russian president! Does he emerge as a larger-than-life leader who rose to unprecedented challenges, or as a figure overwhelmed by the enormity of change? In the years that followed, Yeltsin's family moved around until settling in the village of Berezniki where they became laborers. Early life Boris Nikolaevich Yeltsin was born into a Russian working-class family on February 1, 1931, in the small Siberian village of Butko. When the small state of Chechnya declared its independence from Russia, Yeltsin sent troops to the region. But I as the elected President of Russia give you the order to turn your tanks and not to fight against your own people. The Soviet and Post-Soviet Review.