Types of natural vegetation in india wikipedia. Name different types of Vegetation found in India 2022-10-06
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India is a country with a diverse range of natural vegetation, ranging from tropical rainforests to alpine meadows. The types of natural vegetation in India are largely determined by the country's varying climatic conditions and geographic features.
One of the most common types of natural vegetation found in India is tropical rainforest. These forests are characterized by high annual rainfall and a humid climate, and are typically found in the western ghats, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and some parts of the northeast. Rainforests are home to a wide variety of plant and animal species, including exotic flowers, trees, and animals such as tigers, elephants, and leopards.
Another type of natural vegetation found in India is deciduous forest. These forests are characterized by their shedding of leaves in the dry season and are found in regions with a dry and humid climate. Deciduous forests are found in central and southern India, and are home to a wide variety of plant and animal species, including teak, sal, and banyan trees, as well as deer, boars, and bears.
Grasslands, or savannas, are another type of natural vegetation found in India. These grassy plains are found in the southern and western parts of the country, and are characterized by their dry and hot climate. Savannas are home to a wide variety of grasses, shrubs, and trees, as well as animals such as antelopes, gazelles, and wild dogs.
Alpine meadows, or high-altitude grasslands, are found in the Himalayan region of India. These meadows are characterized by their cool and moist climate, and are home to a wide variety of plant and animal species adapted to the high-altitude environment.
In addition to these types of natural vegetation, India also has mangrove forests, which are found in the coastal regions of the country. Mangrove forests are characterized by their ability to thrive in saltwater environments, and are home to a wide variety of plant and animal species adapted to this unique habitat.
Overall, India's diverse range of natural vegetation is a testament to the country's varied climatic conditions and geographic features. These ecosystems provide a home for a wide variety of plant and animal species, and play a vital role in the country's biodiversity and ecosystem health.
Name different types of Vegetation found in India
To avoid destruction of local forest cover, fodder must reach these communities on reliable roads and other infrastructure, in all seasons year round. To get more such notes on important topics and NCERT summaries, download our Testbook App. We call it a virgin plant. Tropical Wet Deciduous Forest They are also called monsoon forests, where the annual rainfall occurs between100 to 150 cm. Percentages of different types of forests are discussed in the following chart: Type of forest Percentage Total forest area 1. The plants in these areas have extensive roots and large fleshy stems that store water in order to endure the prolonged drought.
Sundari, Garan, Gaowa, Coconut, etc. There is a variety of faunas in the Animal kingdom. Vegetation that grows in a place in their natural climate and soil, without the intervention of human beings, is called the natural vegetation of that place. For example forests, grasslands. These trees have a great economic value. In India, evergreen forests are found in the western slopes of the Western Ghats in States such as Kerala and Karnataka. Cactus, dates palm are some of the plant species grown in this type of vegetation.
For Example, the Growth of trees and plants is high in summer due to the longer duration of sunlight. Mangrove cover is the area covered under mangrove vegetation as interpreted digitally from remote sensing data. India and the United States cooperated in 2001, using Landsat MSS with spatial resolution of 80 metres, to get accurate Indian forest distribution data. They can also be found on Khasi and Jaintia hills. India is mainly covered with the vegetation of flora and fauna. It refers to a plant community which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by humans for a long time also called as virgin vegetation. The Western Ghats are the primary location of the evergreen forest.
Here on the slope of the Himalayas, the vegetation changes from tropical to subtropical temperate and alpine vegetation. The trees here too shed their leaves in dry season. This type of vegetation is found in the Himalayas and western ghats. Areas with rainfall over 200 cm and above have dense and evergreen vegetation compared to those with less than 50 cm of rainfall. Rainfall and the geographical location are the prime factors that differ this vegetation from the other natural vegetation of India. Dense forests are common in these areas.
These changes in sunlight are related to latitude, altitude, seasons, and day length. Each forest type supports a distinct community of creatures that have evolved to dwell there. In comparison to the other natural vegetation of India, the vegetation of Tropical Evergreen Rain Forests is present in the areas where there exists the highest rainfall in the country. Apart from that hogla, garan, gewa, golpata, and pasur, and others are found here. Dense mangroves are the common varieties with roots of the plants submerged under water.
The southern Himalayas have longer hours of sunshine and are covered with denser vegetation than the northern slopes. Also, check the Tropical Deciduous Forests Depending upon the precipitation level and availability of water, tropical deciduous forests are classified into two types. Variety of birds, lizards, snakes, and tortoises are also found here. Mountain vegetation Tropical Evergreen: The word evergreen itself denotes that the forest is evergreen throughout the year. The Natural vegetation which has been left undisturbed for a long time is termed Virgin Vegetation.
Natural Vegetation In India: Features, Distribution And Habitat
Check the Tropical Evergreen Forests Tropical evergreen forests are also called rainforests since they receive rainfall perennially. This type of vegetation can also be found in the hills of Jaintia and Khasi. This is termed as virgin vegetation. Specialists of the United Nations report India's forest as well as woodland cover has increased. Mangrove Forests are found in the deltas of rivers like the Ganga, Krishna, Mahanadi, Godavari, and Kaveri.
What are the types of natural vegetation? Answer at BYJUâ€™S IAS
Mahogany, Ironwood, Ebony are some the trees grown in this type of vegetation in India. These forests grow in the area of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, Godavari, Krishna rivers. India has many non-flowering plants like ferns, algae, and fungi. India has a huge variety of Flora and Fauna. The natural vegetation found in India varies as per the following factors; Land The nature of the land, whether a mountainous region of plateaus or plains, influences the type of natural vegetation.
Entri App provides a great online platform for all those aspiring to appear for various bank exams, government exams and other competitive exams. Sustainable agro-forestry and farm forestry must be encouraged through financial and regulatory reforms, particularly on privately owned lands. Mountain forests These forests are found in the Himalayan region and on the high mountain according to the height they are known by different names. Babul, thorny bushes and acacia are found in the region. Unlike the Tropical Evergreen Rain Forests, the existence of this vegetation is not mainly found in the northeastern states of the country. Factors Affecting Natural Vegetation There are different types of forests depending on physical, geographical, climatic, and ecological factors, such as evergreen forest mainly composed of evergreen tree species, i.
The 5 Types of Natural Vegetation in India and Their Charactersitics
For example, vegetation in hilly areas differs from vegetation in plateaus and plains. Our team of experts provide short and precise video classes which helps in learning the concepts. Great Plain of India 5. This type of is dominated in regions of Rajasthan and interior of Deccan plateau. Deciduous type of Forests Rainfall ranges between 100-200 cms. Apart from that birds, bats, scorpions, sloths, snails, etc are present. Trees in evergreen forests reach great heights of up to 60 meters or even above.