Describe the routes by which medication can be administered. Administration of Medication: Taking Drugs the Right Way 2022-10-24
Describe the routes by which medication can be administered
Medication can be administered in a variety of ways, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. The route of administration chosen will depend on the specific medication being taken, the condition being treated, and the individual patient's needs and preferences. Some common routes of medication administration include:
Oral: This is the most common route of medication administration, and involves taking pills, capsules, or liquids by mouth. This route is convenient, as it can be done at home and does not require any special equipment. However, not all medications can be taken orally, and some may be less effective when taken this way due to the effects of digestion.
Sublingual: Sublingual medications are taken by placing them under the tongue to be absorbed into the bloodstream through the mucous membranes. This route is faster than oral administration, as the medication does not have to pass through the digestive system. However, it is not suitable for all medications, and the medication must be kept under the tongue for a specific amount of time to ensure proper absorption.
Topical: Topical medications are applied directly to the skin or mucous membranes, and can include creams, ointments, patches, and sprays. This route is useful for treating conditions that affect specific areas of the body, and can be applied directly to the site of the condition. However, some medications may be less effective when applied topically, as they may not be able to penetrate the skin or mucous membranes in sufficient quantities.
Injections: Injections involve administering medication through a needle, either into the muscle, under the skin, or into a vein. This route is useful for delivering medications that cannot be taken orally, and can be done in a doctor's office or at home with the proper training and equipment. However, injections can be painful, and some people may be afraid of needles.
Suppositories: Suppositories are medications that are inserted into the rectum, vagina, or urethra to be absorbed into the bloodstream. This route is useful for medications that cannot be taken orally, and can be done at home. However, some people may find suppositories uncomfortable or embarrassing to use.
Regardless of the route of administration chosen, it is important to follow the prescribed dosage and frequency of the medication, and to report any side effects or concerns to a healthcare provider. By understanding the various routes of medication administration and the pros and cons of each, patients and healthcare providers can work together to determine the most effective and appropriate method for administering medication.
Routes of Medication Administration
This route is suitable for administration of solution and suspensions. This method is a long term solution and is usually not appropriate for short term requirements. Most drugs that can be taken orally can also be administered rectally as a suppository. Tablets for oral administration can also be placed under the tongue sublingual where the drug remains until it is dissolved completely by the saliva and is absorbed by the tissues. Taken before meals b.
Administration of Medication: Taking Drugs the Right Way
An allergy is your body reacting negatively to a particular food or substance. Insulin are administered subcutaneously because oral administration results in destruction of the protein in the digestive tract. Medication Administration Routes and Abbreviations to Know as a Nurse Routes via the Mouth P. In order to reach the bloodstream, the drug needs to pass through the intestinal wall and liver which can chemically alter the drug. Usually, medications that are administered by intramuscular IM injection are absorbed quickly because muscles have a lot of blood vessels. Two or more identifiers should be provided. Dosage forms like tablets, capsules, syrups, suspensions, Tablets and capsules This route is preferred due to advantages like a.
Routes of Drug Administration
The technician who recognizes the importance of administering proper treatment to the patient and who uses observation skills in assessing patient response to that treatment is an invaluable asset to the practice. For people who store their medication at home, the kitchen and bathroom should be avoided as this is where steam is more likely, this can also compromise the medication and cause it not to work properly. It is absorbed rapidly with quick onset of action. The patch delivers the drug slowly and continuously for many hours or days. Do not place your thumb on either end of the unit 3.
4.1 Describe the routes by which medication can be administered
There are many reasons for treating patients with medication, with the main three being: Diagnosis — This is to investigate the cause of the illness or examine the nature of the symptoms. Hypodermoclysis is a form of subcutaneous injection that permits the slow administration of large amounts 500 — 1000 ml in adults of fluid such as isotonic saline or glucose solution. A drug with high risk of adverse effects may be administered only by a healthcare provider. Side effects are any actions of a medication other than the desired ones. Size of the inhalation droplets determine how deep it penetrates in the lungs: smaller the size, deeper it goes and has higher absorption.
ROUTES OF DRUG ADMINISTRATION Flashcards
Tablets are the most commonly used oral form balling gun. Information may be changed or updated without notice. It cannot be given via subcutaneous or oral route due to slow absorption which can result in vaccine failure. Most pharmaceutic companies endeavor to provide comfort to the patient and ensure ease of administration when formulating their drugs. For a PEG tube, home changing is possible. There are a wide range of methods of administration of medicines. Bronchodilators may be administered by inhalation for prompt action.
The Different Ways Of Administering Medication
They consist of a connective tissue layer the lamina propria above which is an epithelial layer, the surface of which is made moist usually by the presence of a layer of mucus. The drug is injected into the subarachnoid space in Intrathecal injections or intraspinal. However, instead of the stomach, a J-Tube is inserted into the small intestine. It is unlawful for a veterinary technician to prescribe drugs for an animal patient. Inhalations: Two classes of substances may be administered by inhalationVolatile and Non-Volatile. Other medication can be applied to the skin include liniments, gels, creams, ointments and lotions. Only staff that are specially trained can administer medication via this method.
Different Ways To Administer Drugs In An Effective Way
The subcutaneous method is not recommended for patients who have suffered shock, as it reduces the peripheral circulation, which would then lead to a decreased absorption rate by the body. This method is preferred when the drug is poorly absorbed internally by the body or when it is deactivated by enzymes as it passes through the digestive tract. The patient has put the product in the wrong hole! The solution typically flows from a graduated bottle or sachet through the drip set. These injections are made by inserting the needle through the vertebral interspinous spaces into the spinal fluid, usually by lumbar puncture. You can also read Some are taken by mouth orally , some by skin application ointment , and others by body muscles injections. Ex: Topical route This route is where the medicament is applied to the skin to produce its effects. The medication rapidly diffuses into the network of capillaries, directly entering the system circulation.
Routes and Techniques of Drug Administration
This is called an enema and is very useful in cases like irritable bowel syndrome, fistula, piles. Some examples are fentanyl for pain relief, nicotine for smoking cessation and nitroglycerin for chest pain. This method involves injecting the medication straight into systemic circulation. Transdermal patches must be folded in half before being disposed as this renders them ineffective. The tablet dissolves slowly, releasing the drug, which is absorbed into the blood of the buccal cavity. Metered-dose spray A metered-dose spray deposits medication on or under the tongue. Oral medication includes: For people who have difficulty with respiratory issues they will often inhale medication.
Medication Administration Routes
Untoward effects are the effects that can be harmful to the patient, such as hypotension after taking nitroglycerin. The thin epithelium and the rich capillary network under the tongue permit rapid absorption and drug action. A medication is contraindicated when it would harm the patient or have no positive effect on the patient's condition. Brochodialators are administered for prompt absorption of the drug by the patient. Sublingual Here the product is absorbed under the tongue.