Neo freudian psychoanalytic theory. 2103 Chapter 02 Notes Theories of lifespan human development 2022-10-21
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Neo-Freudian psychoanalytic theory is a school of psychology that emerged in the early 20th century as a response to the limitations of traditional Freudian theory. While Freudian theory focused primarily on the role of the unconscious mind and sexual desires in shaping human behavior, neo-Freudian theory expanded on this foundation to include the influence of social, cultural, and interpersonal factors on an individual's psyche.
One of the key figures in the development of neo-Freudian theory was Alfred Adler, who argued that an individual's psychological development was heavily influenced by their striving for superiority and a sense of belonging. Adler proposed the concept of the "inferiority complex," which refers to a person's feelings of inadequacy and inferiority in relation to others. He also emphasized the importance of social and cultural factors in shaping an individual's personality, arguing that the individual's place in society could have a significant impact on their psychological development.
Another influential figure in the development of neo-Freudian theory was Carl Jung, who believed that the unconscious mind was comprised of both personal and collective elements. Jung's concept of the collective unconscious referred to the shared experiences and memories of all humankind, which he believed had a powerful influence on an individual's psyche. He also developed the concept of the "archetype," which refers to universal, inherited patterns of thought and behavior that shape an individual's personality.
Erik Erikson, another prominent neo-Freudian thinker, proposed the concept of "psychosocial development," which posits that an individual's personality is shaped by their social interactions and relationships throughout their lifetime. Erikson identified eight stages of psychosocial development, each of which is characterized by a particular crisis or challenge that the individual must navigate in order to achieve a sense of identity and well-being.
While neo-Freudian theory shares many of the same underlying principles as traditional Freudian theory, it places a greater emphasis on the role of social and cultural factors in shaping an individual's personality. This approach has been influential in the development of a number of different therapeutic approaches, including humanistic psychology and interpersonal psychotherapy.
Overall, neo-Freudian psychoanalytic theory has made significant contributions to our understanding of the complex and multi-faceted nature of the human psyche. It has helped to shed light on the ways in which social and cultural influences, as well as interpersonal relationships, can shape an individual's personality and behavior, and has provided valuable insights into the development and maintenance of mental health.
When we use defense mechanisms, we are unaware that we are using them. Many psychoanalysts influenced by Freud were nonetheless dissatisfied with the mechanistic picture of the human person he left us with. Briefly sketch the life of Erik Erikson and contrast his theory with Freud's. Finally, Erikson believed that each stage of development had both positive and negative elements. The youngest children, according to Adler, may be spoiled, leaving the middle child with the opportunity to minimize the negative dynamics of the youngest and oldest children. Psychological Bulletin, 7 4 , 109-128.
She later shared with her teacher that she felt being at school every day could help her overcome feeling that she was not as smart as some of her peers. These theorists, referred to as neo-Freudians, generally agreed with Freud that childhood experiences matter, but deemphasized sex, focusing more on the social environment and effects of culture on personality. What is the neo analytic theory? KAREN HORNEY Karen Horney was one of the first women trained as a Freudian psychoanalyst. While the neo-Freudians may have been influenced by Freud, they developed their own unique theories and perspectives on human development, personality, and behavior. Most of the predictions derived from Adler's theory have been supported.
Neo Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality Neo Freudian approaches to the
The information in our unconscious affects our behavior, although we are unaware of it. The superego represents internalized standards and values. This stage starts to take notice easily when the child starts planning goals in life, sense of initiative increases with success and praise along with the purpose of strength psychologically. Failure to resolve a stage can lead one to become fixated in that stage, leading to unhealthy personality traits. Frequency is a function of the depth and intensity of the therapeutic work needed.
These other theorists became known as Neo-Freudians. What is the difference between Freud and neo-Freudians? The Self and Personality Structure. The neo-Freudian approaches have been criticized, because they tend to be philosophical rather than based on sound scientific research. Jung carries out his analysis in an old fashion conduct. .
What is psychoanalytic theory example? Another defense mechanism is reaction formation, in which someone expresses feelings, thoughts, and behaviors opposite to their inclinations. Psychoanalytic or Psychodynamic Psychotherapy is a form of clinical practice which is based on psychoanalytic theory and principles. There are four major categories of the neoanalytic approach: Ego Psychology, Object relations, Self Psychology, and Relational Psychoanalysis. Horney defended anxiety as the core concept of the neurotic personality structure. What is the purpose of the persona? Freud focus mainly on the importance of libido while Erikson place more emphasis on the influence of environment and cultural.
LEVELS OF CONSCIOUSNESS To explain the concept of conscious versus unconscious experience, Freud compared the mind to an iceberg conscious, and the rest of our mind is unconscious. The Journal Of Abnormal Psychology, 12 3 , 161-167. The psychosocial strength of this development gains wisdom along integrity. Why did Jung and Freud disagree? How can he decrease his anxiety? This was a less biological and less mechanistic view of the human person, more preoccupied with interpersonal behavior and cognitive processes. Birth order often has a strong influence on shaping the adult personality. Primer of Adlerian Psychology: The Analytic-Behavioural-Cognitive Psychology of Alfred Adler. The theories of Freud, Jung and Adler: II.
Excerpt from Essay : 1. Instead of taking a strictly biological approach to the development of personality as Freud did in his focus on individual evolutionary drives , they focused more holistically on how the social environment and culture influence personality development. Nature — nurture What is the extent of biology and genetics on development as compared to environmental influences and our experiences? The fundamental concept of power in view, the traits of neurotic fall into the line, defining a new meaning of a whole. In this stage, children experience pleasure in their bowel and bladder movements, so it makes sense that the conflict in this stage is over toilet training. Neo-analytic theory The most important theorists are Erik Erikson Psychosocial Development , Anna Freud, Carl Jung, Alfred Adler and Karen Horney, and including the school of object relations. Therefore, there is a conflict between his conscious beliefs being gay is wrong and will result in being ostracized and his unconscious urges attraction to males. Compare theories Message What develops or changes over development? At this stage, adults are facing the responsibility in being productive and well-shaping the future generation, often their offspring.
The young person redirects these urges to other, more socially acceptable partners who often resemble the other-sex parent. Goodness-badness of human nature Whether people are inherently selfish or aggressive as compared to supportive, positive, curious OR BOTH Continuity — Discountinuity Does development progress in a steady manner increases whatever processes already exist or in a qualitative, stairstep manner with new processes emerging across development? Defense mechanisms are unconscious protective behaviors that work to reduce anxiety. . American Psychologist, 62 6 , 590—595. His eight-stage theory of psychosocial development concentrates on a series of developmental conflicts that occur throughout the lifespan, from birth until death.