Queen Hatshepsut was a powerful ruler in ancient Egypt who is often remembered for her successful foreign policy. She was the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty and ruled for over two decades in the 15th century BCE. During her reign, she oversaw the expansion of Egypt's borders through military conquests and diplomatic efforts, leading to a period of prosperity and cultural achievements.
One of the most notable examples of Queen Hatshepsut's foreign policy was her expedition to the land of Punt, a region located along the Red Sea. This expedition, which was depicted on the walls of her mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri, was a major achievement for the queen and brought back valuable resources such as exotic animals, incense, and myrrh. The expedition also established Egypt's control over the trade routes to Punt, which allowed the country to gain access to valuable goods from other parts of Africa and the Middle East.
In addition to her expeditions to Punt, Queen Hatshepsut also engaged in military campaigns to expand Egypt's borders. She led a successful campaign against the Nubians in the south, which resulted in the expansion of Egypt's southern border to the Fourth Cataract of the Nile. She also sent military expeditions to Palestine and Syria, further expanding Egypt's sphere of influence in the region.
In addition to her military conquests, Queen Hatshepsut also engaged in diplomatic efforts to strengthen Egypt's relationships with other countries. She sent envoys to foreign courts and entered into diplomatic marriages with rulers of other nations. She also formed alliances with neighboring states, such as the Kingdom of Kush, which helped to secure Egypt's borders and ensure its prosperity.
Overall, Queen Hatshepsut's foreign policy was successful in expanding Egypt's borders and strengthening its relationships with other countries. Her efforts contributed to a period of prosperity and cultural achievements in ancient Egypt, and she is remembered as one of the most effective and influential rulers in the country's history.
She is shown wearing a long straight wig, with a head band around it; she also wears a collar, which adorns her neck, a sleeveless dress which exposes her shoulders and anklets. Discovery: It was discovered nearby the causeway of the funerary temple of Queen Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahari. Date: It dates to the 18th Dynasty, reign of Queen Hatshepsut. Thutmose I had Hatshepsut stand by his side at important events, because of this, she learned how building programs functioned as propaganda and job programs as well as how to win wars. The Standing Statue of Queen Hatshepsut Material: It is made of red granite, called in hieroglyphs mAT quarried from Aswan. According to the legend of Odibes, it is an appellation that was given by the Greeks to a female sphinx - the sphinx of Odibes- with an evil power.
Amenemhat III is the first king to be represented in this form half of the 12th Dynasty, Middle Kingdom. There is no reason to believe Hatshepsut did not wear clothing appropriate for females. The hieroglyphic inscriptions: One horizontal line of hieroglyphic signs is inscribed in the middle of the five fragments: aA fAi. With Neferure's demise, Hatshepsut began to allow more prominence to Thutmose III in ceremonies and in temple wall scenes, and their rule became a true coregency, an arrangement resorted to by many Egyptian kings before and after. One of the first things that she did was to commission statues, paintings and sculptors that depicted her with a beard and huge upper body posture. Princess Neferure, the sole daughter who inherited her mother's supreme religious role as God's Wife in the Amun cult, seems to have played the ceremonial role of "queen" in this regime, and may well have been intended originally to follow her mother as ruler in a true and innovative matriarchy. Under her sagacious guidance, Egypt enjoyed enormous prosperity thanks to her successful raids on Nubia and her distribution of wealth.
After years of hard work, in 1822, archaeologists were able to decipher a set of hieroglyphics at Deir el-Bahari, the magnificent complex of mortuary temples that housed the remains of Hatshepsut and her father Thutmose I. One of these lions was called sp yesterday while the other was called dAw tomorrow and between them the processional route hrw today. His nea… Luxor , Luxor Luxor El Uqsur City in e central Egypt, on the e bank of the River Nile; known to the ancient Egyptians as Weset and to the ancient Greeks as… Cambyses , CAMBYSES Pers. Une chapelle d'Hatshepsout a Karnak. His eldest daughter Hatshepsut was thus forced to marry her half-brother Thutmose II; brother-sister marriages were frequent among Egyptian royalty as a means of keeping the throne within the ruling family. Hatshepsut made the rounds of her country escorted by troops, heralds, fan bearers, and grooms with hunting leopards and a traveling throne which was carried on a portable platform.
Despite the passage of thousands of years, enough of it remained to be reconstructed. Egypt of the Pharaohs. The policy of Queen Hatshepsut: I. Only a few of Hatshepsut's statues portray her in feminine dress. Importance: The importance of this statue is due to the fact that it represents the queen with all distinctive male features as a king, but with feminine facial features.
Thus her foreign policy was not one of benign neglect. Place of discovery: It was discovered in the upper gateway of the vestibule in the mortuary temple of the queen at Deir el-Bahari. She is represented with a large square false beard attached to her chin. Image: Head of a statue of Hatshepsut Aside from being leading female monarchs of history, what do Queen Elizabeth I of England 1533-1603 and Hatshepsut have in common? This type continued till the New Kingdom. Depending on some high officials: Hatshepsut surrounded herself with powerful high officials to help her to manage the affairs of the country; the most prominent of them are: 1. After ridding the country of foreign overlords, Ahmose I died young, leaving Ahmose-Nefertari to rule the country as regent for her son Amenhotep I. She ensured this would take place in front of as many people as possible.
A back pillar exists to consolidate the statue and to avoid any damage to it. The mane of the lion was colored in dark blue. For example Thutmose II is not described as a pacifist. The engineer in charge of the entire operation was a commoner named Senenmut, who apparently had served Hatshepsut as a steward during Thutmose II's reign. Work on this level had not been seen in centuries. Hatshepsut no doubt wanted the priesthood solidly behind her, as they made up a large proportion of the educated elite of her country, but she would also have needed the approval of the great gods themselves, and thus she built and equipped temples throughout the kingdom, using the gold of Nubia and the bountiful harvests of Egypt collected as royal-tax revenues to employ the labor of a large proportion of the peasantry during the long and idle months of the annual Nile inundation. Moreover, she is shown with strong muscles.
The strong-willed daughter of a great warrior king, Hatshepsut no doubt felt that her credentials to rule her country were far stronger than those of the son of her husband's concubine. Nonetheless, three eyewitness accounts place the queen with her troops on a campaign south into the Land of Kush northern Sudan , control of which was essential for economic reasons, it being a prime source of gold and other luxury products. NY: Greenwood Press, 1992. Further conclusive evidence includes the possession of a broken tooth previously found inside a small wooden box inscribed with Hatshepsut's name and cartouche: N. Reli… Akhenaten , Both defiled and admired during his lifetime and long after, the Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten c. Location of the sphinx statues The sphinx-statues were placed in various locations as follows: 1- In the front of the valley temple acting as guardians. After 3 years on the throne, Thutmose II passed away in 1479 BC, by this time, queen Hatshepsut was around 16 years old.
Her father—a military leader of common ancestry married to a royal princess, Ahmose —succeeded his heirless brother-in-law Amenhotep I on the throne. His successful completion of this difficult mission won him the admiration and confidence of his sovereign to the extent that she promoted him to many high positions in her realm and gave him the tutelage of her daughter and designated heir, Princess Neferure , and possibly also the oversight of the young Thutmose III. The temple of Montuhotep if is now in ruins. Hatshepsut married her stepbrother, Thutmose II, after the death of Thutmose I, making Hatshepsut Queen of Egypt at 12 years old. Nubians are shown with Egyptians. It was sent by Queen Hatshepsut under the leadership of Panehsy in the 9th year of her reign.
The foreign policy of Hatshepsut: Queen Hatshepsut ruled for two peaceful decades during which she gave great attention to the foreign and economic affairs of the country, thus she sent a commercial expedition to the land of Punt. The Remarkable Women of Ancient Egypt. The walls of the northern portico of the middle terrace are depicted with scenes of the divine birth story. Because her husband founded the dynasty which brought Egypt to the pinnacle of world power, Ahmose-Nefertari may well have been regarded as the mother of her country. Instead, she concentrated on the internal affairs of Egypt and trading expeditions, most famously being her expedition to Punt. Her reign was described in the ancient texts as an era of order, peace, and economic growth.