Three round table conference. Round Table Conferences (India) 2022-10-19
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The Round Table Conferences were a series of conferences held in London between 1930 and 1932 with the aim of discussing and finding a solution to the constitutional problems in India. The conferences were organized by the British government and were attended by representatives of the British government, the Indian National Congress, and the Muslim League.
The first Round Table Conference took place from November 1930 to January 1931 and was attended by representatives from various political parties and organizations in India, as well as representatives of the British government. The main focus of the conference was on the issue of communal representation and the question of minority rights in a future self-governing India.
The second Round Table Conference took place from September to December 1931 and was attended by a wider range of representatives, including representatives of the princely states and religious minorities. The main focus of this conference was on the issue of federalism and the question of how power would be divided between the central government and the provinces in a future self-governing India.
The third Round Table Conference took place from November to December 1932 and was attended by Mahatma Gandhi, who represented the Congress Party. The main focus of this conference was on the issue of political representation and the question of how power would be shared between the different communities in a future self-governing India.
Overall, the Round Table Conferences were an important step in the process of constitutional reform in India and laid the foundations for the Government of India Act 1935, which provided the framework for the transfer of power from British rule to self-government in India. However, the conferences were ultimately unsuccessful in finding a satisfactory solution to the complex constitutional problems facing India at the time, and the country eventually gained independence through a different process.
The three Round Table Conferences of 1930 32
Agha Khan, Nawab Sir Abdul Oayum Khan, Sir C. The Congress had Rejected the Act but Borrowed Heavily from it whilst Formulating the Constitution: The Congress was unhappy with the act and made it crystal clear to the British-Indian Government. The UPSC, FPSC, etc. While this act was supposed to be based on the Nehru Report, it did not include a Bill of Rights. It was impossible to conclude without the presence and input of the Congress leaders.
Everything is done in the name of the King but does the King ever interfere? We will also mention the background and outcome of Communal Award which was introduced by Ramsay MacDonald. The Conference was regarded as a failure, the british government understood the importance and the need for the INC to make any decision on India's political future. Conservative Party: Lord Peel, Sir Samuel Hoare, the Marquis of Zetland. This led to a decision of having round table conferences in London in response to the Simon report. The Civil Service will be helpful.
Mahatma Gandhi undertook, while still in jail, a fast unto death to maintain the unity of the Hindu society. There will be a central executive for federal legislation and independence will be given to the provinces. The British prime minister announced the communal awards. Key Points of Conference At the end of this conference, it was decided that a federal system would be established for India. All these things had to be acknowledged, solutions to the problems had to be found, and it could also happen that Congress had to agree on it.
Gandhi was released from jail, and he participated in a second round table conference. Apart from this Quid-i-Azam was supposed to attend on behalf of Muslims, but he also could not participate in this meeting, because Quaid Azam started his law practice in England. You could not realize what great courage has been shown by Mr. It ended without any constituency. Jawaharlal Nehru, passed a resolution demanding complete independence for India. Autobiography 2nd, Delhi: OUP, 1980ed.
Owing to the repeated failure of the communities to arrive at a concerted decision regarding proportion of representation, the British Govt. This is exactly what happened in the three Round Table Conferences that took place in India between the years 1930 and 1932 of which the 3rd round table conference is one of the utmost importance leading to the Government of India Act of 1935. The first round table ended without achieving anything. Second Round Table Conference September 1931 - December 1931 The Gandhi-Irwin Pact, a political agreement was signed by "Mahatma Gandhi" and Lord "Irwin", Viceroy of India, on "5 March 1931". Kingsley Hall was a social service center where the city Mayor, and his councilors, physicians, lawyers, priests and a large number of people from all walks of life had been waiting to receive him. Gandhi had given ultimatum for the approval of Nehru Report.
On the basis of this paper, the Government of India Act 1935 was to be passed. Burma was no longer to be a part of India. This was one of the results of the Another difference was that unlike the previous time, British PM Macdonald was heading not a Labour government, but a National government. Ismail Mysore State and M. The Non-Cooperation Movement was in its full swing and more than fifty thousand persons were sent to jail for political offences.
Bihar and Orissa were also split into two separate states. All three round table conferences ended before reaching any conclusion due to the lack of interest of Congress and Gandhi. There were also too many safeguards. Additionally, panchayats and Zilla Parishads were formed. First Round Table Conference The First Round Table Conference was held in London on Nov.
All Three Round Table Conferences and Communal Award
Well, it was a matter of time and place. It had continued for over a year and had ended on 13 th January 1931. The conference had however proved to be completely pointless without the participation of the Congress Leaders. As per the communal award, separate electorates were allocated to Muslims, Sikhs, Indian Christians, and Europeans. According to this pact, Gandhi was asked to call off the Civil Disobedience Movement CDM and if he did so the prisoners of the British government would be freed excepting the criminal prisoners, i.
First of all, it did not have a preamble, and hence, it did not describe any intentions including that of the dominant status, very clearly. Ali, the Nawab of Chhattari, Mr. K Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru were in the jail. Ambedkar happened to be in all conferences. Furthermore, Congress had demanded dominion status which was not tabled because the princes wanted a Federal Indian state.
Ramsay McDonald, who was the core initiator of events had lost the support of his own party people and was no longer at the helm of things. Karachi, Pakistan: University Press. We did not want to spare the diehards as we had to talk in a different language…. We had to fight the diehards here. In 1927 British Government appointed a commission to draft coming constitution which is called Simon Commission. Jinnah of Pakistan 15ed.