A journal article review is a critical evaluation of a published research study. It provides a summary of the main points of the article and assesses the strength of the research methods and findings. Writing a review of a journal article can be a helpful way to familiarize yourself with the latest research in a particular field and to develop your critical thinking skills. In this essay, I will provide an example of a journal article review and explain the steps involved in completing this type of assignment.
The journal article that I will be reviewing is titled "The Effect of Social Support on Mental Health Outcomes in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis." This article, published in the Journal of Gerontology, reports the results of a meta-analysis of previous research studies that examined the relationship between social support and mental health outcomes in older adults. The authors of the article conducted a comprehensive search of the literature and selected studies that met certain inclusion criteria. They then analyzed the data from these studies using statistical techniques to determine the overall effect of social support on mental health outcomes in older adults.
To begin my review of this article, I will start by providing a summary of the main points. The authors found that social support was significantly related to better mental health outcomes in older adults, with a moderate-to-large effect size. They also found that the strength of this relationship varied depending on the type of social support and the mental health outcome being measured. For example, the effect of social support on depression was stronger than the effect on anxiety, and instrumental support (e.g. help with practical tasks) had a stronger effect than emotional support.
Next, I will assess the research methods used in the study. The authors conducted a thorough literature search and used appropriate inclusion criteria to ensure that the studies included in the meta-analysis were relevant and of high quality. They also used appropriate statistical techniques to analyze the data and reported the results in a clear and transparent manner. Overall, the research methods used in this study were well-conducted and appropriate for the research question being addressed.
Finally, I will evaluate the findings and implications of the study. The results of this meta-analysis suggest that social support is an important factor in the mental health of older adults and that interventions that aim to increase social support may be effective in improving mental health outcomes. However, the authors also note that the strength of the relationship between social support and mental health outcomes varies depending on the type of social support and the mental health outcome being measured. Therefore, more research is needed to understand the specific mechanisms through which social support influences mental health and to determine the most effective types of social support for different mental health outcomes in older adults.
In conclusion, the journal article "The Effect of Social Support on Mental Health Outcomes in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis" is a well-conducted study that provides important insights into the relationship between social support and mental health in older adults. The research methods used in the study were appropriate and the findings have clear implications for the development of interventions to improve mental health outcomes in this population. Overall, this article is a valuable contribution to the field and would be of interest to researchers and practitioners working in the area of mental health and aging.
, Campbell Essential Biology with Physiology, 6th Edition
Chemical Bonding and Molecules Chemical Reactions Water and Life Water Acids, Bases, and pH EVOLUTION CONNECTION: Radioactivity as an Evolutionary Clock 3. Â The new edition incorporates instructor feedback on what key skills to highlight in new Process of Science essays and uses striking infographic figures in conveying real data to help students see and better understand how science actually works. The authors have made improvements and updates based on reviewer feedback. HIV, the AIDS Virus Prions EVOLUTION CONNECTION: Emerging Viruses 11. Reece taught biology at Middlesex County College New Jersey and Queensborough Community College New York.
Campbell Essential Biology with Physiology (6th Edition) â€“ eBook PDF
Visualizing the Data figures illustrate data in an infographic format and provide students with a fresh approach to understanding concepts. When Meiosis Goes Wrong EVOLUTION CONNECTION: The Advantages of Sex 9. Introduced in Chapter 1, themes appear throughout the text with icons flagging headings where they appear. Reproduction and Development CHAPTER THREAD High-Tech Babies BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY: New Ways of Making Babies Unifying Concepts of Animal Reproduction Asexual Reproduction Sexual Reproduction Human Reproduction Male Reproductive Anatomy Female Reproductive Anatomy Gametogenesis The Female Reproductive Cycle Reproductive Health Contraception Sexually Transmitted Infections Human Development Fertilization by Sperm Basic Concepts of Embryonic Development Pregnancy and Early Development The Stages of Pregnancy Childbirth Reproductive Technologies Infertility In Vitro Fertilization THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE: Are Babies Conceived through In Vitro Fertilization as Healthy as Babies Conceived Naturally? A wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, many of them contributed by Essential Biology authors, encourage students to actively learn and retain tough course concepts. Her education includes an A. Each Chapter Thread weaves a compelling topic throughout the chapter, highlighted in the Biology and Society, The Process of Science, and Evolution Connection essays. How Genes Are Controlled CHAPTER THREAD Cancer BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY: Breast Cancer and Chemotherapy How and Why Genes Are Regulated Gene Regulation in Bacteria Gene Regulation in Eukaryotic Cells Cell Signaling Homeotic Genes Visualizing Gene Expression Cloning Plants and Animals The Genetic Potential of Cells Reproductive Cloning of Animals Therapeutic Cloning and Stem Cells The Genetic Basis of Cancer Genes That Cause Cancer THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE: Can Avatars Improve Cancer Treatment? By combining trusted author content with digital tools developed to engage students and emulate the office-hour experience, Mastering personalizes learning and often improves results for each student.
Key concepts in the text are reinforced through assignments in Mastering Biology, bringing learning full circle for students. Very minimal damage to the cover including. EVOLUTION CONNECTION: The Evolution of Lactose Intolerance in Humans 4. The Life of a Flowering Plant CHAPTER THREAD Agriculture BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY: The Buzz on Coffee Plants The Structure and Function of a Flowering Plant Monocots and Eudicots Roots, Stems, and Leaves Plant Tissues and Tissue Systems Plant Cells Plant Growth Primary Growth: Lengthening Secondary Growth: Thickening THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE: What Happened to the Lost Colony of Roanoke? Helping students understand why biology matters Campbell Essential Biology makes biology interesting and understandable for non-majors biology students. Portable access lets students study on the go, even offline.
Nervous, Sensory, and Locomotor Systems CHAPTER THREAD Neurotoxins BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY: Medicinal Poisons An Overview of Animal Nervous Systems Neurons Organization of Nervous Systems Sending a Signal through a Neuron Passing a Signal from a Neuron to a Receiving Cell The Human Nervous System: A Closer Look The Central Nervous System The Peripheral Nervous System The Human Brain The Senses Sensory Input Vision Hearing Locomotor Systems The Skeletal System The Muscular System THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE: Can Botulism Toxin Prevent Headaches? SIMON is a professor in the Department of Biology and Health Science at New England College Henniker, New Hampshire. Students benefit from self-paced tutorials that feature immediate wrong-answer feedback and hints that emulate the office-hour experience to help keep students on track. A Tour of the Cell CHAPTER THREAD Humans Versus Bacteria BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY: Antibiotics: Drugs That Target Bacterial Cells The Microscopic World of Cells The Two Major Categories of Cells An Overview of Eukaryotic Cells Membrane Structure The Plasma Membrane Cell Surfaces THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE: How Was the First 21st-Century Antibiotic Discovered? Evaluating Scientific Claims The Properties of Life Major Themes in Biology The Relationship of Structure to Function Information Flow Pathways That Transform Energy and Matter Interactions within Biological Systems Evolution EVOLUTION CONNECTION: Turtles in the Tree of Life UNIT 1: CELLS 2. Immune Disorders Allergies Autoimmune Diseases Immuno-deficiency Diseases AIDS EVOLUTION CONNECTION: Viral Evolution versus the Flu Vaccine 25. The Body's Defenses CHAPTER THREAD Vaccines BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY: Herd Immunity An Overview of the Immune System Innate Immunity External Innate Defenses Internal Innate Defenses The Lymphatic System Circulatory Function Immune Function Adaptive Immunity Step 1: Recognizing the Invaders Step 2: Cloning the Responders Step 3: Responding to Invaders Step 4: Remembering Invaders THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE: How Do We Know Vaccines Work? The Ecological Impact of Fungi Commercial Uses of Fungi EVOLUTION CONNECTION: A Pioneering Partnership 17. Simon received a B.
Upload a full PowerPoint Â® deck for easy creation of slide questions. Chapter 1: Introduction: Biology Today Unit 1: Cells Chapter 2: Essential Chemistry for Biology Chapter 3: The Molecules of Life Chapter 4: A Tour of the Cell Chapter 5: The Working Cell Chapter 6: Cellular Respiration: Obtaining Energy from Food Chapter 7: Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food Unit 2: Genetics Chapter 8: Cellular Reproduction: Cells from Cells Chapter 9: Patterns of Inheritance Chapter 10: The Structure and Function of DNA Chapter 11: How Genes Are Controlled Chapter 12: DNA Technology Unit 3: Evolution and Diversity Chapter 13: How Populations Evolve Chapter 14: How Biological Diversity Evolves Chapter 15: The Evolution of Microbial Life Chapter 16: The Evolution of Plants and Fungi Chapter 17: The Evolution of Animals Unit 4: Ecology Chapter 18: An Introduction to Ecology and the Biosphere Chapter 19: Population Ecology Chapter 20: Communities and Ecosystems NOTE: Chapters 21-29 are included in a different version of this text that covers plant and animal physiology. Economic Uses of Plant Transport Products Plant Hormones Auxins Cytokinins Ethylene Gibberellins Abscisic Acid Response to Stimuli Tropisms Photoperiodism EVOLUTION CONNECTION: Plants, Bugs, and People Appendices A: Metric Conversion Table B: The Periodic Table C: Credits D: Selected Answers About the Author s ERIC J. The Working Plant CHAPTER THREAD The Interdependence of Organisms BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY: Planting Hope in the Wake of Disaster How Plants Acquire and Transport Nutrients Plant Nutrition From the Soil into the Roots The Role of Bacteria in Nitrogen Nutrition The Transport of Water The Transport of Sugars THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE: Can the Pressure Flow Mechanism Be Directly Measured? These 14 figures appear throughout the text with icons flagging where they appear. . This best-selling textbook, known for its scientific accuracy, clear explanations, and intuitive illustrations, has been revised to further emphasize the relevance of biology to everyday life, using memorable analogies, real-world examples, conversational language, engaging new Why Biology Matters photo essays, and more.
New author-narrated Figure Walkthrough Videos appear in each chapter and guide students through key biology concepts and processes. The Evolution of Microbial Life CHAPTER THREAD Human Microbiota BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY: Our Invisible Inhabitants Major Episodes in the History of Life The Origin of Life A Four-Stage Hypothesis for the Origin of Life From Chemical Evolution to Darwinian Evolution Prokaryotes They're Everywhere! The dust jacket for hard covers may not be included. EVOLUTION CONNECTION: Steroids and Male Aggression 26. . His coauthors remain inspired by his visionary dedication to education and are committed to searching for ever better ways to engage students in the wonders of biology. Nutrition and Digestion CHAPTER THREAD Controlling Your Weight BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY: The "Secret" to Shedding Pounds An Overview of Animal Nutrition Animal Diets The Four Stages of Food Processing Digestive Compartments A Tour of the Human Digestive System System Map The Mouth The Pharynx The Esophagus The Stomach The Small Intestine The Human Microbiome The Large Intestine Human Nutritional Requirements Food as Fuel Food as Building Material Decoding Food Labels Nutritional Disorders Malnutrition Eating Disorders Obesity THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE: Can a Gene Make You Fat? Circulation and Respiration CHAPTER THREAD Athletic Endurance BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY: Avoiding "The Wall" Unifying Concepts of Animal Circulation The Human Cardiovascular System The Path of Blood How the Heart Works Blood Vessels Blood THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE: Live High, Train Low? Organic Compounds Carbon Chemistry Giant Molecules from Smaller Building Blocks Large Biological Molecules Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE: Does Lactose Intolerance Have a Genetic Basis? The videos are embedded in Pearson eText, accessible through QR codes in the print text, and assignable in Mastering Biology.
Process of Science essays present the material in a non-linear and highly visual format, aligning with widely accepted models of how science actually works. Fermentation in Microorganisms EVOLUTION CONNECTION: The Importance of Oxygen 7. Cardiovascular Disease Unifying Concepts of Animal Respiration The Human Respiratory System The Path of Air The Brain's Control over Breathing The Role of Hemoglobin in Gas Transport The Toll of Smoking on the Lungs EVOLUTION CONNECTION: Evolving Endurance 24. Variations on Mendel's Laws Incomplete Dominance in Plants and People ABO Blood Groups: An Example of Multiple Alleles and Codominance Pleiotropy and Sickle-Cell Disease Polygenic Inheritance Epigenetics and the Role of Environment The Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance Linked Genes Sex Determination in Humans Sex-Linked Genes EVOLUTION CONNECTION: Barking Up the Evolutionary Tree 10. How Biological Diversity Evolves CHAPTER THREAD Evolution in the Human-Dominated World BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY: Humanity's Footprint The Origin of Species What Is a Species? Good: A book that has been read but is in good condition. The Life Cycle of a Flowering Plant The Flower Overview of the Flowering Plant Life Cycle Pollination and Fertilization Seed Formation Fruit Formation Seed Germination EVOLUTION CONNECTION: The Problem of the Disappearing Bees 29. With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, many of them contributed by Essential Biology authors, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts.
These 14 figures appear throughout the text with icons flagging where they appear. Essential Chemistry for Biology CHAPTER THREAD Helpful Radiation BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY: Nuclear Medicine Some Basic Chemistry Matter: Elements and Compounds Atoms THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE: How Effective Is Radiation in Treating Prostate Cancer? Integrated Pest Management Human Population Growth The History of Human Population Growth Age Structures Our Ecological Footprint EVOLUTION CONNECTION: Humans as an Invasive Species 20. The Evolution of Plants and Fungi CHAPTER THREAD Plant-Fungus Interactions BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY: The Diamond of the Kitchen Colonizing Land Terrestrial Adaptations of Plants Plant Diversity Highlights of Plant Evolution Bryophytes Ferns Gymnosperms Angiosperms Plant Diversity as a Nonrenewable Resource Fungi Characteristics of Fungi THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE: What Killed the Pines? UNIT 4: ECOLOGY 18. Binding has minimal wear. Population Ecology CHAPTER THREAD Biological Invasions BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY: Invasion of the Lionfish An Overview of Population Ecology Population Density Population Age Structure Life Tables and Survivorship Curves Life History Traits as Adaptations Population Growth Models The Exponential Population Growth Model: The Ideal of an Unlimited Environment The Logistic Population Growth Model: The Reality of a Limited Environment Regulation of Population Growth Applications of Population Ecology Conservation of Endangered Species Sustainable Resource Management Invasive Species Biological Control of Pests THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE: Can Fences Stop Cane Toads? And, reading analytics offer insight into how students use the eText, helping educators tailor their instruction. Â New topics in Why It Matters inspire curiosity and provide real-world examples to convey why abstract concepts like cell respiration or photosynthesis matter to students.
At UC Berkeley, and later as a postdoctoral fellow in genetics at Stanford University, her research focused on genetic recombination in bacteria. EVOLUTION CONNECTION: Fat and Sugar Cravings 23. Communities and Ecosystems CHAPTER THREAD Importance of Biodiversity BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY: Why Biodiversity Matters Biodiversity Genetic Diversity Species Diversity Ecosystem Diversity Causes of Declining Biodiversity Community Ecology Interspecific Interactions Trophic Structure Species Diversity in Communities Disturbances and Succession in Communities Ecological Succession Ecosystem Ecology Energy Flow in Ecosystems Chemical Cycling in Ecosystems Conservation and Restoration Biology Biodiversity "Hot Spots" Conservation at the Ecosystem Level THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE: Does Biodiversity Protect Human Health? Stimulus and Response: Putting It All Together EVOLUTION CONNECTION: A Neurotoxin Arms Race UNIT 6: PLANT STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION 28. NOTE: You are purchasing a standalone product; MasteringBiology does not come packaged with this content. DICKEY is Professor Emerita of Biological Sciences at Clemson University Clemson, South Carolina. New MasteringBiology activities for this edition include "Essential Biology" videos that help students efficiently review key topics outside of class, "Evaluating Science in the Media" activities that help students to build science literacy skills, and "Scientific Thinking" coaching activities that guide students in understanding the scientific method.