Protection of an infant industry. Infant Industry Argument: Meaning, Reason to Protect, and Criticism 2022-10-24
Protection of an infant industry Rating:
An infant industry is a young, developing industry that is in the early stages of operation. These industries often face significant barriers to entry, such as high start-up costs, lack of access to technology and resources, and intense competition from established firms. Because of these challenges, infant industries may struggle to survive and thrive in the early years of operation.
To protect infant industries, governments may implement policies and measures that provide support and assistance to these fledgling businesses. These measures can include financial assistance in the form of grants, loans, and tax breaks, as well as regulatory protections that help to level the playing field for these new entrants.
One example of a protective measure that governments may use is tariffs, which are taxes applied to imported goods. By raising the price of imported goods, governments can make it more difficult for foreign firms to compete with domestic infant industries. This can give the infant industries time to develop and establish themselves in the market, without having to worry about intense competition from more established foreign firms.
Another common protective measure is subsidies, which are financial payments or other forms of support provided by the government to an industry or business. These subsidies can help infant industries cover the high costs of production and research and development, allowing them to invest in new technologies and innovations that will help them compete in the long run.
While protection of infant industries can be beneficial in the short term, it is important to consider the long-term consequences of these measures. In some cases, protectionist policies may lead to inefficiency and complacency within the protected industries, as they are not required to compete on the same level as foreign firms. This can result in higher prices for consumers and a lack of innovation within the protected industry.
Therefore, it is important for governments to strike a balance between providing support to infant industries and promoting competition and innovation. This can be achieved through the use of targeted, temporary measures, rather than long-term protectionist policies. By providing support in the early stages of development, infant industries can have the opportunity to grow and succeed, while also facing the necessary challenges and competition that drive innovation and efficiency in the long run.
Infant Industry Theory Definition & Example
The principal reason behind this form of intervention is to protect the consumer's rights in the respective countries Sam, 2014. This paper contributes to that literature by analyzing infant industry protection in an industry life-cycle model with endogenous entry and exit. We construct a model of technology adoption in which the number of firms is endogenous, and derive a set of novel predictions about the effects of protection on firm technology decisions. Using in utero blockade of the mesenteric lymph node development, we showed that IgA induction in these mice occurs directly in the LP. In contrast, the trade and technology diffusion literature mentioned above explicitly assumes that firm heterogeneity and productivity are endogenous. Journal of Development Economics 16: 101—128.
In some cases, the dominance of the quota is so pronounced that it compensates for any amount of government revenue loss related to the administration of the quota including the case of a voluntary export restraint, where no revenue is collected. They persist in producing unskilled intensive or non-industrial goods due to their trade with higher income regions. The majority of the firms presented however, show a modest productivity growth while being under protection. Department of Commerce announced that white sugar imports will be limited to 7,500 million tons. B It decreases the cost of products sold in the home market.
'Infant Industry' Trade Barriers Sound Nice. But Research Shows They Don't Work
Overall, with due allowance for some ambiguity, both theoretical arguments and empirical evidence suggest a pragmatic case for free trade. While in the 1970s, when two petroleum shocks occurred, average inflation was at 12%; in the 1980s it rose at levels just below 20% Papadopoulos, 2016. . Here, exposure to the trade opportunities in the Americas and the broader Atlantic basin failed to foment institutions supporting commerce, trade, and urbanization. In the year 2008 and thereafter, the debt continues to rise, but that part of its rise can be attributed to the outburst of the crisis, apart from the reasons producing the aforementioned evident and significant rising trend. It is important to understand that in countries where governments are successful in fostering infant industries until they can compete with foreign firms, the long-term costs outweigh the short-term benefits to the economy.
Infant industry protection and industrial dynamics
Protection can also raise the growth rate, though it is less likely to raise welfare in a growing economy. As workers retire and leave of their own accord, the protection can be removed. An empirical test of the infant industry argument: Comment. The infant industry argument is an economic concept that justifies the imposition of The argument is based on the understanding that new and upcoming known as infant industries in the early stages of their development have not Infant industries are newly established industries that lack efficiency and competitiveness and are prone to sudden market changes. Abstract: This paper develops and analyzes a welfare maximizing model of infant industry protection. . Third, domestic monetary and fiscal policies affected the responsiveness of domestic inflation to exchange rate devaluation.
Protectionism: The infant industries argument — Adam Smith Institute
There are those who argue that offering protection to infant countries does not produce long-term benefits as the theory suggests. One should make a significant distinction between the first phase of this period, when all amounts are calculated in Greek Drachmas and the second period, after 2001, when the Euro replaces the Drachma. This part was distinguished from another part undergoing transformation. A foreign industry may pay low wages but if the productivity of its workers is low, its average cost of production may be high. This encourages domestic production. Nor can they discuss whether trade barriers have similar effects on productivity in industries exhibiting different evolutionary patterns i. In the sense of combining endogenous firm heterogeneity with endogenous firm entry, our paper is most similar to Ederington and McCalman, 2007, Ederington and McCalman, 2008, which also analyze the productivity implications of trade protection.
. There is a high risk, however, of retaliation. Protection of strategic industries: These are industries essential for the survival of the country. Quotas reduce supply in the domestic market. This paper makes three main contributions to our understanding of the impact of protection on technological diffusion.
Head 1994 studies the effect of tariff protection on the emergence of the steel rail industry in the United States. Similar to taxes, they can be granted per unit basis or as a total percentage of the value of goods produced. This paper evaluates the motives for government interventions and evaluated the positives and the negatives associated with the methods that are used in trade intervention by the government. Cite this entry Irwin, D. Capital market imperfections and the infant industry argument for protection.
In particular, two types of industries have been documented: those with a relatively stable market structure e. Manufacturing firms in developing countries: How well do they do, and why? Download file to see next pages Read More Why Government Intervention in Infant Industry Protection Is a Requirement for Development Literature review Example Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words, n. Families eventually opt for greater quality of offspring rather than higher quantity when incomes reach a certain threshold since the rate of return from investing in such human capital is high and the opportunity costs of raising children rise with incomes. One cannot give a reliable prediction as to whether the rising trend would have continued in the event that the crisis had not appeared. The explanation also implies that mismeasured quality exaggerates the B-S relationship and hence the observed cross-country income differences are likely to be underestimated. He drew three conclusions, accordingly, based on the findings. Measures of protection There are several measures a government may choose to protect an infant industry.
If seen together, they reveal political efforts to stabilize fiscally the economy. During this start-up phase for new industries, young firms often find it difficult, if not impossible, to compete with the established international competitors. More specifically, in places where European settler mortality was high—due to endemic tropical diseases—Europeans looted and extracted resources but failed to invest in the establishment of strong property rights. . Constantinos Ikonomou, in Funding the Greek Crisis, 2018 1.