Describe freud theory of personality development essay. Sigmund Freud's Perspective On Personality Development 2022-10-17
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Sigmund Freud's theory of personality development is one of the best-known and most influential theories in psychology. According to Freud, personality is composed of three components: the id, the ego, and the superego. These three components work together to create the complex behavior and thoughts that make up an individual's personality.
The id is the most primitive and instinctual part of the personality. It is responsible for our basic urges, such as the need for food, shelter, and sex. The id is driven by the pleasure principle, which means that it seeks immediate gratification of its urges and desires.
The ego is the rational, logical part of the personality. It mediates between the demands of the id and the demands of the external world. The ego is responsible for our ability to think, reason, and make decisions. It is guided by the reality principle, which means that it takes into account the realities of the external world when trying to satisfy the id's desires.
The superego is the moral component of the personality. It is responsible for our sense of right and wrong and our feelings of guilt and shame. The superego is the internalization of society's rules and values, and it works to suppress the unacceptable desires of the id.
According to Freud, the development of the personality occurs through a series of stages. The first stage is the oral stage, which occurs during the first year of life. During this stage, the primary focus of the child's pleasure is the mouth, and the child derives pleasure from sucking and biting. The second stage is the anal stage, which occurs during the second year of life. During this stage, the child derives pleasure from the control and release of their bowels. The third stage is the phallic stage, which occurs during the third to fifth years of life. During this stage, the child becomes aware of their own sexuality and begins to develop feelings of attraction towards the opposite sex.
The final stage of personality development is the genital stage, which occurs during adolescence and adulthood. During this stage, the individual becomes fully capable of sexual relationships and the development of a mature sexual identity.
In conclusion, Sigmund Freud's theory of personality development is a complex and influential theory that explains how the id, ego, and superego work together to create an individual's personality. It also outlines the stages of development that an individual goes through as they grow and mature.
Describe Freuds theory of Personality Development. » Nursing Research Essay
Freud believed his theory of psychoanalysis, contributed towards the world of psychology, because he believed that we had no control under our own unconscious state of mind. Id defense mechanism protects one from anxiety. Jung labeled persons in the first category introverts and described them as being hesitant and cautious; introverts do not make friends easily and prefer to observe the world rather than become involved in it. ADVERTISEMENTS: Out of these experiences and his growing clinical practice, Freud gradually developed his theories of human personality and mental illness. Id is the devil on your shoulder. Before turning to the stages themselves, however, we must first consider two important concepts relating to them: libido and fixation.
Freud's Tripartite Theory Of Personality In Human Essay
Presumably, once such material is made conscious and patients gain insight into the early life experiences that caused them to repress it in the first place, important causes of mental illness are removed. Freud did not invent the terms unconscious, conscious or conscience. The Dictionary of Psychology. The Phallic Stage Age Range: 3 to 6 Years Erogenous Zone: Genitals Freud suggested that during the phallic stage, the primary focus of the libido is on the genitals. This stage must be satisfied by providing the mouth with objects to suck on. Freud began his study of medicine in 1873 at the University of Vienna.
Explain Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality development (500 Words)
It is a system in which unconscious motivations are considered to shape normal and abnormal personality development and behavior. Libido refers to the instinctual life force that energizes the id. Additional evidence suggests that they were not. They feel that they can control their bodily functions and enjoy retaining faeces. The Id is deprived of rationalism and evokes strong emotions and desires which make people acting or thinking of action Engler, 2006.
Essay on Sigmund Freud and the Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality
Â The mouth is vital for eating, and the infant derives pleasure from oral stimulation through gratifying activities such as tasting and sucking. . From his point of view; psychological distress, can be caused by unresolved issues stemming from childhood. These stages are oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital. He explains that no action or deed is ever done without the preconception of the mind and the coordination of the elements of the mind.
Theory Of Personality Development Free Essay Example
The conscious plays a very minimal role in his theory. The hypothesis is that they are grounded on genetic and neurochemical influences. There is a lot of information that falls under this state. Remember- According to Freud, progression to this final stage is possible only if serious fixation has not occurred at earlier stages. As you can readily imagine, many psychologists object strongly to these ideas, and there is virtually no evidence for them. This means that a child does not have a sense to his actions, all what he does is dictated by the pleasure principle. Minnesota: Embrace Publications and Consulting, LLC.
In addition another study was conducted to test whether individuals are able to voluntarily delay gratification in await for a preferred reward Mischel and Ebbesen 1970. There is also the assumption that the Oedipus complex is universal. Moreover, the Superego was also vulnerable to the impact of the individual development. Freud was always talking about the way the mind worked because he believed our minds are responsible for the things we do weather we are conscious or unconscious. Freud stood on the ground that the Superego dictated human sense of right and wrong. In reviewing personality, we consider the influence of the interactions that one is engaged in, the nature or the environment of one's upbringing and genetics. These three forces of the mind constantly struggle against each other and determine which force rules over a person.
Introduction Personality development according to famous theorist Monique Laberge is the development of the organized pattern of behavior and attitudes that make a person distinctive. Sigmund Freud underscored the significance of the oblivious personality, and an essential supposition of Freudian theory is that the oblivious personality oversees conduct to Psychoosexual And Psychosocial Theory Of Development PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY OF DEVELOPMENT Human development is a lifelong process, which describes the growth of human throughout the life. Because anxiety is painful, the mind attempts to cope with this state through a range of defence mechanisms that alter reality and supress feelings that stimulate this state. In fact, the Superego goes beyond the reason and rationalism of the Ego to develop a plan to satisfy basic needs of an individual. In dream analysis, Freud believed that our dreams contain our unfulfilled, unconscious wishes. There are three characteristics according to Freud that made up a persons personality which are: The Id, ego, and the super ego. The approach has grown due to the recent developments in psychology as a discipline.
This approach focuses on the mental activities and thought processes as major factors which influence human behaviour. These findings oppose the validity of the concepts of the psychoanalytical approach and the structural theory of personality. The stages are oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. The superego is acquired from our parents and through experience and represents our internalization of the moral teachings and norms of our society. In terms of his theory of personality, Freud distinguishes one more element of personality, the Superego, or conscience. The ID, ego, and superego are always in a never-ending conflict in the unconscious mind. The goal of psychoanalytic theory is to uncover unconscious memories through free association and dream analysis.