The new jim crow essay. Michelle Alexander The New Jim Crow Essay 2022-10-21
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The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness is a book written by Michelle Alexander, a civil rights lawyer and advocate, that examines the ways in which the criminal justice system in the United States disproportionately impacts people of color, particularly Black Americans. The book argues that the United States has effectively created a new form of racialized social control that serves to maintain racial hierarchy and segregation, similar to the Jim Crow laws of the post-Civil War era that enforced racial segregation and discrimination against Black Americans.
One of the main arguments of the book is that the War on Drugs, which was launched in the 1980s, has disproportionately targeted people of color and has led to the mass incarceration of Black Americans. Alexander argues that the War on Drugs has served as a justification for the criminalization and incarceration of Black Americans, and has contributed to the creation of a new racial caste system.
Alexander also discusses the impact of mass incarceration on individuals and communities, including the ways in which it destroys families, communities, and the ability of people to fully participate in society upon release from prison. The book also examines the ways in which the criminal justice system disproportionately impacts people of color at every stage, from arrest and sentencing to re-entry into society after serving time.
The New Jim Crow has received widespread acclaim for its analysis of the ways in which the criminal justice system disproportionately impacts people of color and for its call to action to dismantle this system. The book has been widely influential, and has sparked important conversations about mass incarceration and racial justice in the United States.
Overall, The New Jim Crow is a powerful and thought-provoking examination of the ways in which the criminal justice system disproportionately impacts people of color and the need for systemic change to address this injustice. It serves as a critical and necessary call to action for individuals and communities to work towards a more just and equitable society.
The New Jim Crow Summary
As plantations grew bigger and needed larger amounts of labor, slavery became the preferred means of obtaining cost-efficient labor and also helped drive a wedge between poor whites and their black counterparts. Alexander points out the vast majority of the problems our criminal justice system faces in racial inequality and discrimination. This is a good example that subjects legalized discrimination; ex-felons are being excluded and denied the chance to regenerate their lives and start moving towards a better future, in this case, the man is denied the opportunity to find a place to live just as Jim Crow deprived African Americans of the right of housing. Many of the practices of discrimination that reduced African Americans to second class citizens during Jim Crow continue to apply to this day to significant portions of the black community, provided they have been labelled a felon. Michelle Alexander in the first chapter, reviews the history of racial control in the United States.
Summary: The New Jim Crow Essay Essay on African American, Race, Racism
Hence why a lot of black men are missing from our society and locked away in prisons for years for such minuscule crimes. When Alexander insisted that American democracy was built on a time when the black person was seen as three fifths the value of a white person, she pointed out that America has still maintained a caste system concept that it was built on and it also goes to lengths to preserve power. These forms include mass incarceration and perpetuation of racist policies and societal attitudes that are disguised as color-blindness that ultimately allow the system of oppression to continue. The blacks were still under the tough rules of the whites many years after the civil war and its effects had come to pass. S Constitution was designed to guarantee a fairly weak federal government that would secure the power of the state and property rights. The War on Drugs has militarized and protected the police in many ways. Overall, Alexander transcends historical slavery mass incarceration and connects it to the present day form by using important elements, and at the same time overviewing how slavery has been maintained through… Mass Incarceration In The Birth Of Slavery By Michelle Alexander The death of slavery, and the birth and death of Jim Crow, Alexander gives her audience a lesson about the history of slavery and how the discrimination came about.
Board Of Education case win. I wonder if this had happened to him before. Police often overlook those crimes when it comes down to whites but they do not for blacks. She believes the problem is not the fact that many African Americans are living on the margins of society today poverty, very little education, etc. Similar to the original Jim Crow, the new Jim Crow serves as a way to prohibit the African American race from voting since their criminal background follows them even after their release.
Bell makes some good point about racism in the American society today. Another example that perfectly supports her argument is when she talks about the difficulty for someone with a criminal background to find a job, for a fact, when you fill in a job application they ask about your criminal background. I believe what she is suggesting is that this system of control will trickle down into the next generations, creating a culture of crime passed down throughout families eventually spreading out into the community. After the rage left over from the loss of slavery, political leaders needed to find alternate ways to control minority groups, legally, to gain the southern vote. Racism was still alive with the oppression of African Americans through the Jim Crowe laws. This is a good example, showing statistics that prove her point about the discrimination that mass incarceration creates in society, the exclusion of an Last but no least, Alexander points to a parallel between Jim Crow and mass incarceration, she discusses the symbolic production of race.
I believe it is a book about race relations, not racism. She is a highly acclaimed civil rights lawyer, advocate, and legal scholar. Reading this section of the The New Jim Crow also made me think about all of the other ways black men are at a disadvantage when getting a job. Additionally, in each section, Coates uses convincing analysis to signal to the readers the connection between the evidence and the overall argument and conclusion. This appeal to reason convinces the audience because it uses rationale. One quarter of all black men are permanently disenfranchised, employment and housing discrimination is alive and legal, and denial of public benefits are just a few negative aspects that result from being a felon, Alexander 21-22. That made it acceptable for that 7% of black people to vote.
The police kill innocent black people and don 't get charged guilty at all. Now, through mass incarceration, African Americans along with other people of color are put under the unending stigma of the prison system in order to other them. Alexander did not only gave an example where the Jim Crow law took place, but also included a recent a like situation where the similarities are not quite different. She goes further to explain the afterlife of men when they are released from prison. Blacks were incarcerated at a grossly disproportionate rate to white Americans and blacks received much harsher and longer sentences, 14.
In relation, a modern black activist group, Black Lives Matter, argues that even though change has come to America race relations, black people are still endangered by the system. Even with this as proof, courts defend their case saying that these restrictions do not exemplify discriminatory behavior because they were enacted after the original Jim Crow era 191. It is no secret that African Americans were struggling to regain their self-worth after experiencing several hundred years of slavery. For example, The media is the largest participant in taking the path of least resistance. The aggressive law enforcement strategies of The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986, disproportionately arrested, convicted, and incarcerated millions of blacks for relatively minor nonviolent drug offenses as compared to white offenders. Unless we get support for ex cons, convict less people, and eliminate mandatory sentences, mass incarceration will still prevail.
Kenneth Clark was a very important person in helping the Brown V. Incarceration of Incarcerating primarily within blacks and latinos and putting them under The statistical data may be alarming however, she also states that this may not be accurate considering the millions of ex-felons who are required to pay fines before gaining their voting rights back 193. In addition, police stop and search, where police officers stop… The Case For Reparations Ta-Nehisi Coatess Analysis By dividing the essay into various parts, each with a specific focus that relates to the overall argument, Coates leads his readers from one premise to the next in a logical fashion, culminating in a decree for reparations. The Reconstruction era was the period of time after the civil war after the north triumphed over the south. Martin Luther King Jr. This matter of racial disparity or inequality has been supported by government, law enforcement and the judicial system.