Collective behavior refers to the actions and interactions of a group of people, typically in response to some kind of social, economic, or political event or issue. Examples of collective behavior can be found in a wide range of situations, including protests, riots, fads, and even everyday social interactions. In this essay, we will explore several examples of collective behavior to better understand this phenomenon.
One common example of collective behavior is the protest. Protests are organized gatherings of people who come together to express their discontent with a particular issue or policy. These can take many forms, from peaceful marches and sit-ins to more disruptive actions such as blocking traffic or occupying buildings. Protests often involve collective behavior because they require people to coordinate their actions and communicate their shared goals.
Another example of collective behavior is the riot. Riots are more extreme and destructive forms of protest that involve large groups of people engaging in violent or disruptive behavior. Riots can be sparked by a variety of issues, such as political injustice, police brutality, or social inequality. Like protests, riots involve collective behavior as people come together to express their discontent and demand change.
Fads are another example of collective behavior. A fad is a brief, often irrational, and intense interest in a particular activity, product, or trend. Fads can be driven by a variety of factors, such as peer pressure, media attention, or the desire to fit in with a particular group. Fads often involve collective behavior as people join in the trend and engage in similar activities or purchase the same products.
Even everyday social interactions can involve collective behavior. For example, people may engage in collective laughter or follow social norms and customs when interacting with others. In these cases, people are often influenced by the actions and behaviors of those around them, leading to a shared experience and a sense of belonging.
Collective behavior can also be seen in more formalized groups, such as organizations or communities. In these cases, people may come together to achieve a shared goal or purpose, such as improving the lives of their community members or advancing a particular cause. In these situations, collective behavior may involve more structured and planned actions, such as volunteering, fundraising, or campaigning.
Overall, collective behavior is a widespread and influential phenomenon that can take many forms. From protests and riots to everyday social interactions, collective behavior is a powerful force that brings people together to make their voices heard and effect change.
Collective Behaviour: Definition & Examples
Sociology, the study of society, looks in detail at how social movements have changed society historically. For example, a study of almost 3,400 people arrested during the large 1965 riot in the Watts district of South Los Angeles found that more than half had no previous criminal convictions and that the remainder had been convicted only of minor offenses. Casual Crowd A casual crowd is not very organized and sometimes emerges spontaneously. The final condition relates to action by the agents. A Method for Systematically Observing and Recording Collective Action.
Acting Crowd An acting crowd focuses attention on a specific action or goal. Panics typically occur in disaster situations, such as during a fire, and may endanger the overall health of the affected group. Corey Templeton — A casual crowd is a collection of people who happen to be in the same place at the same time. An example of a mob was the collective group of people who stormed the United States capital building, whereas a riot is a group of people looting a city and just stealing and destroying whatever they can with no specific target. The Riot The difference between a mob and a riot is nuanced. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books. Wohlstein 1983 , a fifth type of crowd is the protest crowd.
Expressive Crowds Expressive crowds form around an event that has an emotional appeal. Deviation from collective behavior, which the author defines as spontaneous and unstructured behavior Thio, p. Demonstration of the LOC spectrum, StudySmarter Originals Collective Behaviour: Morality Morality refers to a sense of what behaviour is right and what behaviour is wrong. A panic is a form of collective behavior in which people react to a perceived threat in a frantic and irrational way. That may be why this crowd below has become engaged and is growing. Collective behavior is usually spontaneous and short-lived.
Their Catholic faith and immigrant status contributed to the outrage that Prohibition activists felt about their alcohol use. Collective behavior describes the actions of groups of people, such as crowds, not the individuals within them. A riot is a relatively spontaneous outburst of violence by a large group of people. What are the characteristics of collective behavior? Crowd activity for its members is an end in itself, not just a means. Individuals involved tend to be heavily influenced by the crowd and lose their sense of individual responsibility for their actions.
The members of a crowd often feel that something must be done immediately and often do things that they wouldn't normally do. Thus, collective behavior includes the study of social movements, groups that act with continuity and organization to promote or resist change Turner and Killian 1988. Once individuals find themselves in a situation ungoverned by previously established norms, they interact in small groups to develop new guidelines on how to behave. Rumors, Mass Hysteria, and Moral Panics The types of collective behavior discussed so far—crowds, riots, and disaster behavior—all involve people who are often physically interacting with one another. So, can crowd mentality encourage deviant behaviour? Collective behaviour refers to people's actions when they are a part of a larger group.
Through providing meanings in situations of ambiguity and stress, they provide an orientation for the potential actors by helping them develop a common definition of the situation. Kerckhoff and the U. The casual crowd might form because an even captures people's attention, therefore it is the least organized and most temporary type of crowd. Yet many years later, different social movements highlighted the benefits of the drug and the controversial policing effects it had in the United States. What is the theory of contagion? They may even be in different countries.
Their campaign changed the way Americans saw marijuana, understanding it as a dangerous substance. Most of these explanations have focused on crowds, riots, and social movements, rather than on rumors, fads, and other collective behaviors that involve less social interaction. One of the most important was the concern over alcohol that motivated the Prohibition movement of the early 20th century. It's like a constant cycle. The final condition relates to action by the agents. In 2011, a peaceful protest in response to the police shooting of Mark Duggan quickly turned into wide-scale looting, arson and rioting that spread across London and lasted for five days.
There are three primary forms of collective behavior: the crowd, the mass, and the public. Lesson Summary So, in conclusion, collective behavior is when events and social processes emerge but lack structure or organization. As a result, some companies may cut corners in order to resist social changes. You can tell what one is by his behavior, and one behaves according to what place he has in society. These rumours are completely distorted in the process of transmission. Which is the fifth condition of collective behavior? For Turner and Killian, the process begins when individuals suddenly find themselves in a new situation, or when an existing situation suddenly becomes strange or unfamiliar.
Eventually the doors opened at 7:30, and the crowd surged forwards. I will explain collective behavior in sociology through three main forms: the crowd, the mob, and the riot. Relatively spontaneous social behavior which occurs when people try to develop common solutions to unclear situations. Crowds are a group of people uniting with a similar concern and in close proximity and often, the people in the crowd do things they would not normally do. Its restlessness can be seen in an audience waiting for a late-starting program to begin or among citizens who have just received word of an assassination attempt.