Extensive farming, also known as extensive agriculture, is a type of agricultural production system that relies on large land areas and low inputs of labor and capital. It is characterized by low levels of intensity, meaning that farmers make relatively few inputs in terms of labor, fertilizers, pesticides, and other inputs, and rely on natural resources such as sunlight, water, and soil fertility to support crop growth.
Extensive farming is often contrasted with intensive farming, which is characterized by high levels of intensity and a greater reliance on inputs such as labor, fertilizers, and pesticides to increase productivity.
There are several types of extensive farming systems, including pastoralism, which involves the raising of livestock such as cattle, sheep, and goats on large areas of land, and extensive cropping systems, which involve the cultivation of crops on large land areas with relatively low levels of inputs.
One of the main advantages of extensive farming is that it is well-suited to areas with large land masses and low population densities, as it requires relatively little labor to maintain. This makes it an attractive option for farmers in countries with large areas of arable land but limited labor resources.
However, there are also several drawbacks to extensive farming. One of the main limitations is that it is often less productive than intensive farming, as it relies on natural resources rather than inputs to support crop growth. This can make it difficult to meet the increasing demand for food in areas with rapidly growing populations.
Additionally, extensive farming can be less environmentally sustainable than intensive farming, as it can lead to soil erosion and degradation, as well as the overgrazing of pastures. This can result in the loss of fertile land and the decline of natural habitats.
Overall, extensive farming is a type of agricultural production system that relies on large land areas and low inputs of labor and capital, and is well-suited to areas with large land masses and low population densities. While it has several advantages, it also has some limitations, including lower productivity and potential environmental impacts.
In North America, the most intensively farmed crops are corn maize and soybeans. Many modern countries with great resources carry out a more technical extensive agriculture that focuses on obtaining agricultural products with maximum environmental sustainability, fighting against effects such as eutrophication. Outside of industrial farms, a given plot of land simply cannot support as many animals as it can crops, effectively limiting the amount of labor and money that can be invested to begin with. And from these considerations come the opposite concepts of intensive agriculture and extensive agriculture. The map represents areas of CaCO 3 concentration values and is used in the spatial analysis as an environmental criterion layer that grades scores to agricultural areas according to their degradation status, that is, in an inversely proportional manner to their CaCO 3 concentration value red to green. Agricultural intensification and pushing toward higher land productivity during much of the past fifty years was usually accompanied with large applications of inorganic nitrogen and phosphorous fertilizers. Extensive agriculture is one that focuses on taking advantage of the natural resources that the area offers and can be defined as the opposite of intensive agriculture.
Extensive_farming : definition of Extensive_farming and synonyms of Extensive_farming (English)
Rönnbäck, in Encyclopedia of Energy, 2004 2. Below, we will survey three intensive farming practices. Thomas Schumacher, in Soil Health and Intensification of Agroecosytems, 2017 Abstract Land use change, intensive farming systems, and poor land management practices are related to reduced soil organic carbon SOC and soil health. Those intensive systems remained in place, and since then, our use of corn has expanded. However, there are still many diseases for which vaccines are not available and the susceptibility of Pacific salmon to bacterial kidney disease has markedly restricted the development of the culture of these fish species on the Pacific coast of North America.
Kent and Wood, Joyce 1957 Land Utilization in Australia 3rd edition , Melbourne University Press. Organic Farming: An International History. However, many of these systems are fertilized, using either industrial fertilizers or organic by-products from agriculture, to stimulate primary production within the pond environment. Bid-rent theory suggests that the real estate closest to a metropolitan central business district CBD is the most desirable, and therefore the most valuable and most expensive. Farms further from the city and which consequently have less of a relationship with it are more likely to be extensive. This has given rise to the "organic" movement—coming to a grocery store near you, if it's not there already.
The authors of this website have taken all reasonable care to ensure that the information contained in the site is accurate and correct. This substance causes soil The mechanization of agriculture is what intensive farming is all about. This policy is not applicable to any information collected offline or via channels other than this website. These states are renowned for their agricultural output in service to most of the rest of the country. Hence extensive farming works out to be on a higher-end as far as expenses are concerned.
Extensive agriculture: what is it, characteristics, advantages and disadvantages
This is also true for some omnivorous penaeid shrimp species e. The land of intensive farming is used to the last drop and rests on the usage of HYV high yielding varieties. Intensive Plantation Culture: Five Years Research. Trade and environment review 2013, Commentary V. Shepherding and Human Contact from www. From an industrial perspective, the objective is to maximize production of some demanded species to achieve maximum economic benefits.
On the other hand, the extensive farming has a relatively larger land space. Food and water is delivered to the animals, and therapeutic use of antimicrobial agents, vitamin supplements, and growth hormones are often employed. In fact, it has often made it worse. So, the consumer also bears responsibility for the welfare of wild and domestic animals and for the ecosystems with which livestock farming coexists. To cut labor costs, plantation managers either a have just a few people doing the bulk of the labor using heavy agricultural machinery, or b hire many unskilled laborers to do the bulk of the labor for low wages.
We all are aware of the consequences of deforestations. Intensive agriculture , firstly, is one that aims to … Difference Between Intensive and Extensive Farming With … Jan 23, 2022· On the other hand, the extensive farming has a relatively larger land space. But in this efficiency, it seeks consonance and Extensive livestock farming mainly involves grazing by native breeds that have adapted to the territory in which this farming takes place. Extensive farming is where the inputs are comparatively less. Extensive Farming Definition Extensive farming is a measurement of how much of an area of land is being exploited, and how much personal input is required to manage that exploitation. Just how much time, money, and labor is a farmer forced to invest? During World War II, the US needed to push agricultural output to the max, and corn began to be grown abundantly.
The nature of extensive farming means it requires less rainfall than intensive farming. El Mahdy, in Encyclopedia of the World's Biomes, 2020 Watering and Water Needs for Livestock in Different Regions In intensive farming systems, ensuring access to water ad libidum is compulsory, as is providing the necessary water for cleaning. Farmers manipulate conditions as much as possible through their own blood, sweat, and tears, but then must look to nature to sort out the rest. A Look At Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations in North Carolina. CAFOs are essentially large meat factories.
Difference Between Intensive and Extensive Farming
Through genetic modification, biologists are able to improve the productivity and desirability of an individual plant, including the number of grains, fruits, tubers, or vegetables it can produce and its compatibility with pesticides and herbicides. Traditional freshwater farming systems in China have been, and to a large extent still are, practiced as polycultures using low stocking densities. Intensive Farming In intensive farming systems, ensuring access to water ad libidum is compulsory, as is providing the necessary water for cleaning. Short-term effects have been observed but less frequently. Retrieved 21 September 2019.