An american childhood. An American Childhood by Annie Dillard 2022-10-18
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The mischief rule is a principle of statutory interpretation that is used by courts in common law jurisdictions to determine the purpose and intention of a particular piece of legislation. It is based on the idea that the law should be interpreted in a way that addresses the specific problem or mischief that it was designed to remedy.
The mischief rule is based on the Latin maxim "leges posteriores priores contrarias abrogant," which means that later laws override earlier laws that are in conflict with them. This rule is often used in cases where there is ambiguity or confusion about the meaning of a particular law.
To apply the mischief rule, a court must first identify the mischief or problem that the legislation was intended to address. This requires a thorough examination of the circumstances that led to the law being enacted, as well as any statements or debates that took place during the legislative process. Once the mischief has been identified, the court must then interpret the law in a way that addresses this mischief and achieves the legislative intent.
One of the main advantages of the mischief rule is that it allows courts to interpret laws in a flexible and dynamic manner, taking into account the changing needs and circumstances of society. It also encourages lawmakers to be more precise and clear in their drafting of legislation, as they must consider how their laws may be applied to address specific problems.
However, the mischief rule can also be problematic, as it can lead to conflicting interpretations of the same law by different courts or even within the same court. This can create uncertainty and confusion for those who must abide by the law, and may lead to inconsistent application of the law in different cases.
Overall, the mischief rule is an important tool in statutory interpretation that allows courts to consider the purpose and intent of legislation in order to arrive at a fair and just interpretation of the law. It can be a valuable means of ensuring that the law remains relevant and responsive to the needs of society, but it must be used carefully and with consideration of the potential consequences of its application.
An American Childhood: Summary, Themes & Analysis
Annie also finds it curious that Oma takes pride in never having worked, although, as a woman in the 1950s, this is a sign of a particular privilege. Gene Stratton Porter is an apt role model for Annie, since this author too spent her childhood exploring and learning about nature. They clanged along, sparks flying from their trolleys. Dillard moves on to a quite different memory, moving backward in time from her Sunday mornings as a teenager to a time in her childhood when she had, it seems, a more genuine fascination with the world around her, rather than a near-constant irritation with authority figures like her father. Still does to an extent now, but maybe not quite as much.
She was especially drawn to a brown water stain there that looked like a ship bent over in a storm: she examined it closely for months. Since 1999 she has been a member of the Academy of Arts and Letters. It is actually quite comfortable and sometimes Annie imagines what it would be like to live there full time in the case of an actual nuclear war. With scratch tests she learned what was yellow pyrite and black limonite. The autobiography treats lovingly her original family, to whom she gave carte blanche in editing her work. At school, Annie memorized a poem about the Indian children that used to play where they now live. Before she learns to read, Annie wanders around the neighborhood, playing football with the boys and throwing snowballs—at least until a car stops and the driver chases her and her friend all around the neighborhood.
Ugh, I'm going to have to come back to this later. In fact, Annie never talked about what she was reading with her friends: this was part of her private life. Pilgrim at Tinker Creek was good, there were a few redeeming parts, but this one just felt like someone was holding me hostage at a party, telling me stories from their childhood that I couldn't care less about. The memoir begins with, what I believe, is its greatest sequence: the story of young Annie's father's intended but incomplete trip down the Ohio River. I loved this book because of the wisdom of the author, what she says about gr I adored this book from start to finish. Its egotism blinds it and deafens it; its imagination spins out ignorant tales, fascinated. The church was a grave stone monument, carved with keys, pelicans, and anchors, decorated with a mosaic of Christ, that Annie now noticed in a moment of boredom.
Every life is a story of loss, every room is haunted by ghosts, phantoms of lives not lived, paths not taken. The leaves were turning colors; Molly was beginning to smile and crawl around. Instead, the reader is told, repeatedly, about vague moments in Dillard's childhood where she was struck by some abstract thought that placed her on a new path and left her thirsty for some new knowledge, causing her to almost obsessively collect and recite pointless information on the subject of her interests at the time. Annie recognizes that, like at dancing school, the divisions created by certain institutions can be arbitrary and can fail to mean anything outside those places. Often Dillard will intrude in the narration to comment on the limitations of her childhood character, as well as to make general comments on childhood and growing up. Annie wandered outside, where her mother told her to lie on her back and try to see what the clouds looked like. An American Childhood is a beautiful novel written by the famous author Annie Dillard.
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She has some nice things to say about memory, about time, about childhood, but she is timid in analyzing herself, in analyzing those that she loves. Annie loved Judy and was impressed at how much more comfortable she was at Paw Paw, treating Annie with amused detachment, even though Annie was the one who was more popular at school. I in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1951. Instead, we as the readers are asked to simply accept the things that she says about what she was thinking as a young child at face value as whole truth, which I just couldn't do. For a child that Dillard tries to sell as someone who was always acutely aware of the world around her, she never once acknowledges the privileged life she lead, nor does she really ever comment on the fact that a normal, "aware" child -like the one she tries to sell in the pages of this book- does not typically follow their grandparents African American maid around "from room to room, trying to get her to spill the beans about being black. Some of her memories seem like my own, and this is one of those great reads as an adult where you feel the reality of a book blending with your soul. It's a reflection on the meaning of happiness through themes of adolescent development, innocence, and joy.
In 1955, when Annie was ten, her father, an executive in the family firm of American Standard, was inspired by a book called Life on the Mississippi to pilot a boat down the Allegheny river: he quit the firm and sold his stakes, heading toward New Orleans, home of the Dixieland jazz music that he had always loved. Her parents give her a microscope for Christmas and she is filled with enthusiasm about the things that she sees through its lens, but when her family don't seem as excited about her discoveries she realizes that she might be alone in her love of intellectual pursuit. As Annie grows older, she begins to recognize the many layers of history that Pittsburgh embodies, from the ancient past of dinosaurs to its habitation by American Indians, to its use as a fort during the French and Indian War and its role in the American Revolution. She captures how a child becomes aware of their own individuality. Some of it just connected so strongly - not that I could relate personally, having grown up decades later, in a different socioeconomic class and with a much more dysfunctional family than hers, but in a region not far or dissimilar. At thirteen, though, the world was coming to seem marvelous to Annie. It seems impossible to Annie that anyone else her age could fail to see the absurdity and silliness of the rituals of church—especially the boys, who in other situations could be goofy and break rules.
The cars traveled Reynolds Street slowly and evenly, they were targets all but wrapped in red ribbons, cream puffs. I will read this again and again throughout my life. That is the danger in memoirs, one is forever at risk, over-exposed. Throughout all of this, she never seems to question her fate. As Annie sits in church, her boredom leads her to examine the most minute details of the place, as well as to let her mind wander vaguely over the people who surround her at the congregation.
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The Doaks did elect to have her delete a few parts. Since Hitler had fallen, they now read about the atomic war too, and had air raid drills at school. What I came away with instead was a headach I finally made it through what I can only refer to as the worst book I have ever read in my life. And though she is impassioned by them, they ultimately do not constitute a fire for her, that passion which is blinding and soul-rapturing, which occupies the heart and mind and blocks out everything else. Annie often socializes with the children of well-off, old-money families in Pittsburgh—another example of the ways her idyllic childhood was also the result of a sheltered, privileged life something that Dillard is at pains to point out. Dante, the Sistine Chapel, and ancient myths were classics that Amy, Molly, and Annie only learned about later: they were raised on different classics.
An American Childhood by Annie Dillard Plot Summary
Assigned reading for a Contemporary Literature course I'm taking in college, I had no idea what to expect when I went into this book. While there are a number of poignant moments, and elegant turns of phrase, the work as a whole feels a bit shallow, a bit too much on the surface of things. A man got out and, as the kids scattered, he began running after them. For example, Dillard opens the passage about the snowball fight by establishing the time and place: ''On one weekday after Christmas, six inches of new snow had just fallen. This can and did include: reading, writing, drawing, baseball, insect collecting, science and rock collecting.
Already at twenty-three, childhood seems to me a very remote region of my past, and as I was impinged upon with a small pang of nostalgia for youth, I picked up Annie Dillard's An American Childhood - her memoir of her Pittsburgh youth. Things were interesting, she concluded, based on the interest you gave to them. I liked it just as much the second time around and reading it again now, on the eve of Gabe's transition into adulthood, made me realize what an impact this book has had on my life and the way I have raised my children. Rather than recounting scenes as a passive observer, her prose invites readers to engage in each reconstruction. She asks how anyone could ever get weary of this tug-and-pull of oblivion and awareness. On Penn Avenue ran old, jerky, orange streetcars that jangled around corners, emitting a solemn bell if a car parked at the curb blocked them. Dillard acknowledges, here, that she grew up in relative privilege, without tragedy striking her or her family—a childhood that enabled her to look at the world optimistically.