Kushan empire. Rise & Fall of the Kushan Empire: Gatekeepers of the Silk Road — MissedHistory 2022-10-07
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Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Kushan, Kushano-Sasanian, and Kidarite Coins A Catalogue of Coins From the American Numismatic Society by David Jongeward and Joe Cribb with Peter Donovan. The al-Tabari stated that Ardashir began invading the region in 226 CE, and that by ca. Retrieved 16 August 2012. Identifying Several Visual Types of Gandharan Buddha Images. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kushan Empire: History, Founder of Kushan Dynasty UPSC
In 248 CE, they were defeated again by Persians, who deposed the western dynasty and replaced them with Persian vassals— cities or kingdoms that forfeited foreign policy independence, in exchange for full autonomy and, in some cases, formal tribute—known as the Indo-Sassanids, or Kushanshas. The House of Chiefs, or Kadphises, was the first dynasty, succeeded by the House of Kanishka. The Sasanians then installed a Persian leader to govern the captured Kushan territories. KuÅ¡Än-Å¡ahr was a major world power in Central Asia and northern India from the first to the mid-third centuries CE. Kanishka envisioned his empire as the most important in the known world, with major ambitions of city-building and border expansion.
Rise & Fall of the Kushan Empire: Gatekeepers of the Silk Road — MissedHistory
River Of Kings rajatarangini. The Kushan Dynasty Kings after Vima Taktu can be considered Indians. Pivotal to these trade agreements were the Yuezhi who grew rich in their new surroundings acting as intermediaries for silk trade between the east, west and south. With his emboldened force, Kujula Kadphises led the Kushans on conquests of Jalalabad, Kabul, Begram, Gandhara and many other major cities. Founder of Kushan Dynasty The founders of the Kushan Dynasty were the Hsi-hou Yuvaga or leaders of Kuei-Shuang Kushana , perhaps a clan which was a part of Ta Yueh-chin or the Great Hueh-chin people. Gandhara consists of eastern Afghanistan and northern Pakistan.
As the yabghus carved their places in the region, the confederation was supported by ongoing trade with China and the establishment of new trade routes with Persia and India. Archives of Asian Art 58 2008. The Greco-Bactrians expanded into northern India and established the Indo-Greek Kingdom in 180 BCE, which lasted until around 10 CE. Comptes rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. By the middle of the second century BCE, the Yuezhi had migrated as far west as the Partho-Sogdian territories north of the Amu Darya.
This relationship was likely bolstered by a mutual disdain for the Parthians. The astounding success that the Kushans tasted under Kanishka was recognized by his successor, Huvishka. Thundering Zeus: The Making of Hellenistic Bactria. Several native rulers such as Shungas, Kanvas, and Satavahanas succeeded the Mauryans in Eastern, central and Deccan India. Indian Sculpture: Circa 500 B. Archives of Asian Art.
Hellenism in ancient India. University of California Press. Archived from PDF on 20 December 2016. . A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the 12th Century. Land of Two Rivers: A History of Bengal from the Mahabharata to Mujib. Journal of World-Systems Research.
The Kushan dynasty was a branch of the Yueh-chi, a nomadic group of people who inhabited territories near Dunhuang. Each Yuezhi tribe was governed by a chieftain called a yabgu Chinese: xihou. Yet, the Kushans also adopted aspects of Buddhist culture and, like the Egyptians, absorbed remnants of the Greek culture of the Hellenistic kingdoms. The overwhelming attacks of Modu pushed the Yuezhi further and further west of their ancestral homeland, along the Tianmenshan Mountain Range. Melbourne: Monash University Press. The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc.
River Of Kings rajatarangini. Early Buddhist Transmission and Trade Networks. Journal des Savants: 26—27. Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth. It was during their reign that different ethics and cultures came in contact and influenced each other. The Civilization of Ancient India and Southeast Asia. Also, at this time, Buddhism began to spread to Korea and Japan.
Recognizing the importance of unification, these five tribes combined under the one dominate Kushan tribe, and the primary rulers descended from the Yuezhi. The Greek Experience of India: From Alexander to the Indo-Greeks. Around 270 their territories on the Gangetic plain became independent under local dynasties such as the Dēvaputra-Shāhi-Shāhānushāhi referring to the last Kushan rulers, being a deformation of the Kushan regnal titles Devaputra, Shao and Shaonanoshao: "Son of God, King, King of Kings" are now under his dominion, and that they were forced to "self-surrender, offering their own daughters in marriage and a request for the administration of their own districts and provinces". Retrieved 12 September 2016. Comptes rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. Kanishka patronized Buddhism and convened the fourth Buddhist Council at Kundalvana in Kashmir. Coinage is also very important in determining the evolution of style, as in the case of the famous "Buddha" coins of While the early styles of Kushan statues seem comparatively crude, later, highly ornamented statues are generally dated to the 3rd-4th century CE.
Problems of Chronology in Gandhāran Art: Proceedings of the First International Workshop of the Gandhāra Connections Project, University of Oxford, 23rd-24th March, 2017. India under the Kushāṇas. Kanishka ruled from Peshawar currently Pakistan , but his empire also included the major Silk Road cities of Kashgar, Yarkand, and Khotan in what is now Xinjiang or East Turkestan. It has long been suggested that the gold contained in Kushan coins was ultimately of Roman origin, and that Roman coins were imported as a consequence of trade and melted in India to mint Kushan coins. Retrieved 7 March 2021. Captured cities like Peshawar and Mathura would serve as capitals of the Kushan Empire on many occasions in the future, benefiting greatly from their access to the Indus River trade routes.