Civil disobedience research paper. Research Paper On Civil Disobedience 2022-10-31
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Civil disobedience refers to the active refusal to comply with certain laws, demands, and commands of a government or occupying power, without resorting to physical violence. It is a form of political protest that aims to bring about change through non-violent means.
The concept of civil disobedience has a long history, dating back to ancient civilizations such as ancient Greece and Rome. In more recent times, it has been used as a tool for social and political change by various groups, including suffragettes, civil rights activists, and environmentalists.
One of the most famous examples of civil disobedience is the Salt Satyagraha, a non-violent resistance movement led by Mahatma Gandhi in India in the 1930s. Gandhi and his followers refused to pay taxes on salt, a staple commodity, as a form of protest against British rule in India. The Salt Satyagraha eventually played a significant role in India's independence from British rule in 1947.
Another well-known example of civil disobedience is the American civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s, in which African Americans used non-violent resistance, including boycotts and sit-ins, to challenge segregation and discrimination. The civil rights movement, led by figures such as Martin Luther King Jr., ultimately led to the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibited discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
There are various arguments for and against the use of civil disobedience as a means of achieving social and political change. Supporters argue that it can be an effective way to bring about change without resorting to violence, and can also serve as a means of drawing attention to a particular issue or injustice.
Critics, however, argue that civil disobedience can disrupt the rule of law and create chaos, and may not always be effective in bringing about change. In addition, some argue that it is not always clear what the appropriate response to civil disobedience should be, and that it can be difficult to balance the rights of individuals to protest with the need to maintain order and respect the rule of law.
In conclusion, civil disobedience is a complex and controversial issue that has been used throughout history as a means of bringing about social and political change. While it can be an effective tool for non-violent resistance, it is important to carefully consider the potential consequences and drawbacks of its use.
Research Paper On Civil Disobedience
Acts of disobedience to family and school do not qualify as acts of civil disobedience. The Boston tea party. Was it justified at Tiananmen Square? In protest of that war, Thoreau refused to pay his taxes, a gesture that led to his spending a night in jail. Free research papers are not written by our writers, they are contributed by users, so we are not responsible for the content of this free sample paper. By so doing, civil disobedients suffer inconvenience, expense, threats, real danger, and eventually punishment.
Civil Disobedience Research Paper ⋆ Research Paper Examples ⋆ EssayEmpire
But revolution commonly involves the destruction of property, personal injury and death for many, and the complete disruption of community life. Heteronomous obedience is the kind of obedience that is given to a person, an institution of power or an authoritative figure. Protest is not normally disobedient. The Punishment Of Civil Disobedience One who deliberately breaks the law should be punished for that disobedience. If then civil disobedience can lead to violence, so should people continue the tradition or should it be banned? Supposing the change sought worthy, one can evaluate the disobedience only by estimating the likelihood of its success in achieving or at least in advancing that worthy end. This according to Fromm 2 was seen to be an act of freedom and independence from the authoritative figure of God. Civil disobedience, while not optimum, is a way to accomplish change with the intent of reform and stabilizing communities.
The reverse is usually the case. Disobedience also enables an individual to voice their opinions and concerns against any societal or authoritative pressures. For an individual to be free from societal norms and pressures, they had to be disobedient. Thoreau did not pay his taxes because he objected the use of the revenue to finance the Mexican War and enforcement of slavery laws. Were they not civil disobedients? First, these acts of civil disobedience must target a clear and present violation of justice. The condition that justifies civil disobedience is the fundamental violation of human rights. Thoreau And Martin Luther King Comparison 678 Words 3 Pages Civil Disobedience In the dictionary civil disobedience is the refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines, as a peaceful form of political protest, but Thoreau and Martin Luther King have their own beliefs to civil disobedience.
Revolution seeks the overthrow of constituted authority or at least repudiates that authority in some sphere; civil disobedience does neither. The law cannot justify breaking the law. Works Cited Asch, Solomon. No matter your say the government will not change for one persons view. Some persons may believe that certain laws deprive them of constitutionally guaranteed rights and are therefore invalid.
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This is only one instance of how disobedience and deviation from the status quo can result in rapid social progression. On the whole, however, they prove unsatisfactory, persuading only those who had been earlier of the same conviction. It does not educate. The punishment of civil disobedience — its nature and necessity — is discussed. An act may be a paradigm case of civil disobedience e.
In the United States, the deliberate violation of state segregation statutes was one form of the protest against those statutes. Its roots lie deep in the history of western thought — in Cicero, and Aquinas, and Locke, and Jefferson who would justify conduct by virtue of its harmony with some antecedently established superhuman command, usually held to be of divine origin. While some German citizens stood up and disobeyed Nazi orders to identify Jewish hideouts, others acted as Nazi spies by informing the officers where the Jews were hidden Milgram 64. The values in question are intangible and perhaps not measurable. America as a whole is slowly separating as a nation. Since they are usually acting within a framework of laws whose legitimacy they do not question, this punishment is the natural and proper culmination of their act. Clandestine acts cannot qualify as civil disobedience.
The disobedient may contend that the law broken ought never to have been enacted or never had legitimacy because of its origins. Civil disobedience is justified when its goal is to obtain equal rights and service for everyone, without causing physical damage to people and their property, and without breaking the just laws that are already enforced. The recognition of cases of civil disobedience is one thing; the evaluation of them is another. Countries that are considered superior to others in terms of rights and technology have basic rights aided by civil disobedience. Civil disobedience can help obtain and preserve a free society.
Civil Disobedience Ethics Research Paper ⋆ Research Paper Examples ⋆ EssayEmpire
Fromm suggested that choice and the ability to be disobedient were two indivisible concepts that had to go hand in hand. If the African Americans had gone through the legal system, their requests would have been ignored due to the ignorance of the judges at the time. In the smaller, local context, they were, of course, civil disobedients. Civil disobedience and democracy. Many call it unsuccessful, but was it really? The civil disobedient may deliberately do what the law forbids or deliberately refuse to do what the law commands; but unless the law is broken, the act is not one of civil disobedience. Second, factual questions concerning the negative effects of the deliberate disobedience: Will it encourage lawlessness or erode the general respect for the laws? Both Thoreau and Martin Luther King has similar yet different perspectives on civil disobedience.