Rubber cultivation in kerala. Rubber Plantation Information Guide 2022-10-19
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Rubber cultivation is an important part of the agricultural sector in the state of Kerala, located on the southwestern coast of India. Kerala is known for its high quality rubber, which is used in a variety of products including tires, rubber bands, and other industrial and consumer goods.
The history of rubber cultivation in Kerala dates back to the early 20th century, when rubber trees were introduced to the region by the British. At the time, the demand for rubber was increasing rapidly due to its use in the automotive and aerospace industries, and Kerala's humid and tropical climate was found to be well-suited for rubber cultivation.
Today, rubber is grown in many parts of Kerala, with the major growing regions being Kottayam, Pathanamthitta, and Alappuzha districts. These districts are located in the central and southern parts of the state and have a high level of annual rainfall, which is necessary for the growth and development of rubber trees.
Rubber trees are grown from seeds or seedlings and are typically planted in well-draining, loamy soil. Once the trees reach maturity, which takes about 7-8 years, they begin to produce latex, a milky substance that is collected and processed into rubber.
The process of rubber cultivation involves several steps, including the planting and care of the trees, the collection of latex, and the processing of the latex into rubber. To ensure the health and productivity of the trees, farmers must regularly prune and fertilize them, as well as control pests and diseases. The collection of latex is done using a process called "tapping," in which small incisions are made in the bark of the tree and the latex is collected in cups. The collected latex is then transported to a processing plant where it is processed into rubber.
Rubber cultivation in Kerala is an important source of employment and income for many farmers in the region. It is also an important contributor to the state's economy, with Kerala accounting for a significant portion of India's total rubber production.
Despite its importance, rubber cultivation in Kerala faces several challenges, including the high cost of production, low prices, and competition from other countries. In recent years, there has been a decline in the demand for rubber, which has led to a decrease in rubber prices and a decrease in the profitability of rubber cultivation.
In conclusion, rubber cultivation is an important part of the agricultural sector in Kerala and plays a significant role in the state's economy. While it faces challenges, the industry continues to be an important source of employment and income for many farmers in the region.
Kerala's Rubber Plantations
India has also become the first country in the world to develop a genetically modified rubber plant. Also, with foliage limited to the top of the tree to facilitate tapping , the intake of carbon dioxide is less than in a wild tree. Excess water can slow down the growth of rubber plants. Temperature required for a rubber plantation 25 to 28 °C is the average rubber tree temperature range. Farmers can generate Rs 545300 after 3 years from the coffee plants in 1 acre. Because the first half of this era saw a record spike in the price of rubber, and the second half saw it tumble down significantly, this period was chosen for the current study Rubber Board 2011, 2012, 2019.
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This calls for larger quantities of import of both natural and synthetic rubber. The suitable intercrops in rubber plantation are like ginger, turmeric, tuber crops, vegetables, pineapple, banana and medicinal or herbal plants. This table shows that India has made phenomenal progress in all the three aspects of rubber i. How much rainfall is required for rubber? Rubber trees thrive in soil with a pH of between 5 and 6. After 3 to 4 years of planting trees, the taproot of the tree becomes 2 to 5 m long.
Interestingly, climate change is gradually making several non-traditional regions suitable for the economic cultivation of rubber. Extra elements present in plant latex are: Resins, proteins, sugar, tannins, alkaloids, secondary metabolites, glycosides and mineral salts. Agri inputs are supplied from the third month depending on the mineral and nutrient content of the soil. Tamil Nadu is the second largest producer of rubber but lags far behind Kerala producing only 22 thousand or 3. There was no area expansion in Kanyakumari district, indicating that the land has been saturated refer to Table 3. You can choose rice or dry straw for the mulching process.
This makes the polyisoprene separate from the water and form a thick solid mass. Rubber content hydrocarbons present in the plant latex vary from 25 to 40%. To safeguard the plants from livestock or wild animals, the plantation should be well-protected with robust fence. This Project Report provides the estimated calculation for 7 years because generally rubber trees start producing results after 6 years. Where is rubber grown in Kerala? Whereas hilly areas should be prepared for terracing. USGS Earth Explorer was used to download Sentinel MSI data.
Kerala production may be hit The low-cost rubber coming from the NE region may lead to a drop in rubber prices in India, making rubber cultivation unviable in Kerala and forcing many farmers in the state to give up the crop. In the past two years, a whopping 51 lakh rubber saplings from nurseries in Kerala have been transported by rail to northeastern states. The root trainers were covered with newspaper and then packed in cartons before loading them in the train. This cultivation in India is mostly done in the South India regions, especially commercial rubber cultivation in Kerala is done on a wide scale. The importance of good aeration and soil water content cannot be overstated.
Rubber Board looks beyond Kerala, steps up cultivation in NE states to bridge shortfall, cut imports
Which is the first rubber plantation in Kerala? Intercropping in rubber plantations and its economic benefits You should choose suitable plants or crops for intercropping in rubber plantations that can generate good income. According to Jacob, the advantages of the NE region include lower cost of production, less proneness to diseases and pests and socioeconomic contributions to less developed regions of marginalised societies. This includes about 25,000 hectares of new planting while the remaining will be re-planting," said Rubber Board executive director K N Raghavan. We have around 50 field offices in the region to help the resourceful farmers there. However, both the states denied permission.
As Indian rubber turns 120, northeast witnesses planting boom
No wonder the 'gold producing trees', as they are called, felt home at God's own country. Moreover, the use of farming technology with the best farming practices is helping farmers to produce a good rubber yield per acre in Kerala. After deducting expenses, the profit from one acre is only Rs 950. Within India, Kerala accounts for more than 70 per cent of the output, with takers even in South America. Skilled labour is required for the rubber tree tapping process and during rubber harvesting, some rules need to be followed.
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Cultivated in plantations, however, the tree grows only to about 24 meters 80 feet because carbon, necessary for growth, is also an essential constituent of rubber. The latex is a white, colloidal solution of polyisoprene suspended in water. Coconut trees, coffee plants, hot pepper and banana plants can be used as intercropping with rubber plants to generate extra income. The rubber plant consists of separate male and female flowers with a pungent smell. The saplings are then planted in these beds. The following is a list of the basic requirements and a short list of procedures for cultivating rubber.
Rubber Cultivation in India: Production, Distribution and Trade
The money tree: Rubber saplings at a nursery in Kerala. Even during the pandemic year of 2020-21, the consumption, despite showing a drop, was in double-digits at 10. Which district in Kerala produce more rubber? In hilly areas, row planting is recommended across the slope along the contour lines. Herbicides like Paraquat and Glyphosate can be applied in the post emergent stage. The plantation generates Rs 2, 57,040.