Tropical rainforests are found near the equator and are characterized by high levels of rainfall, high humidity, and a diverse array of plant and animal life. These forests cover a small percentage of the earth's surface, but are home to an estimated 50% of the world's plant and animal species.
The tropical rainforest ecosystem is characterized by its complex structure, with multiple layers of vegetation including tall canopy trees, understory trees, and a diverse array of shrubs and other plants. The canopy trees, which can reach up to 150 feet in height, provide shade for the lower layers of the forest and form a protective layer for the plants and animals living below. The understory trees and shrubs receive less sunlight and are adapted to thrive in the dimly lit conditions.
Tropical rainforests are home to a wide variety of plant and animal life, including many species that are found nowhere else on earth. Some of the most well-known species found in tropical rainforests include jaguars, gorillas, toucans, and orangutans. These forests also support a wide variety of insects, including butterflies, ants, and beetles.
Despite their importance to the global ecosystem, tropical rainforests are under threat from a variety of human activities. Deforestation, the clearing of land for agriculture and other uses, is a major contributor to the loss of these forests. Climate change is also having an impact, as rising temperatures and changing rainfall patterns can affect the health and productivity of these ecosystems.
Conservation efforts are underway to protect and preserve tropical rainforests, but there is still much work to be done. The loss of these forests would have far-reaching consequences for the planet, as they play a critical role in maintaining global biodiversity and regulating the earth's climate. It is important that we take steps to protect and preserve these valuable ecosystems for future generations.
What Is A Tropical Rainforest? Definition, Location, Pictures And Facts
These forests include the forests in the coastal parts of Africa, India, the Caribbean, etc. Where Are Tropical Rainforests Located? Series B: Biological Sciences. Abiotic factors of the forest The abiotic factors or environmental conditions that most influence the development and metabolism of living beings in the jungle are: Solar radiation Solar radiation is the only source of energy that plants use to carry out photosynthetic activity. Conclusion The tropical rainforest is the richest ecosystem in terms of number of species. Deforestation, edge effects, logging, soil and water pollutions, forest fragmentation, loss of habitat and species extinction are devastating effects caused by the expansion of oil palm plantation in order to fulfill the economic growth Fitzherbertet al. The most common type of plants under this category are shrubs, vines, and herbs. Is this a more stabilized food web? This would make the toucan a primary consumer and the fruit a producer.
Tropical Rainforest as a Biosystem Free Essay Example
Even though if only one is removed on the picture, there would be a big difference in it. Trophic levels are groupings of organisms that share the same function in an ecosystem. Rainforest soils are often thin and leached of many minerals, and the heavy rainfall can quickly leach nutrients from area cleared for cultivation. You can study all these to understand the concept of Tropical rainforests. Trees clean our air by absorbing all the carbon dioxide and storing it as carbon. The humidity also remains between 77 — 88%. Ecosystems have an extremely complex web of cause and effect.
There is no co-habitation between the two plants and the terrain is only supportive on one plant species not both. Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra The 2. For example: in larger plants, the leaves are smaller to avoid loss of water by direct exposure to light. The combination of the spectacularly beautiful Lake Gunung Tujuh the highest lake in southeast Asia , the magnificence of the giant Mount Kerinci volcano, numerous small volcanic, coastal and glacial lakes in natural forested settings, fumaroles belching smoke from forested mountains and numerous waterfalls and cave systems in lush rainforest settings, emphasise the outstanding beauty of the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra. How would this balance be offset or altered? Most rainforests get at least 75 inches of rain with many getting well over 100 inches in areas.
Biodiversity and Tropical Rainforests Biodiversity is the variety of life on Earth, in all its forms and all its interactions. At the very bottom of a food web is the first trophic level, known as the producers. Mann states that it is likely that the Indians shaped the land more than the Europeans have over the course of 250 years. Среди млекопитающих присутствуют индонезийские и суматранские эндемики, к примеру, суматранский орангутан. The sound ecological interactions of these organisms constitute a balance as in balance of nature. The temperature is almost the same the whole year with an average of 27 C and never comes below 20°C and exceeds 35°C rarely.
Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. Finally, no one should forget the important role of the cleaning crews. They are cooler, and are often covered in mist. Explain how you decided what changes to make. Which species decreased in number and what might account for this decrease? However, there is variation in the involvement and contribution of these stakeholders in the three parks, which needs to be addressed.
There are many types of forests, ranging from the coniferous evergreens in the taiga to the temperate and deciduous forests of North America to the tropical palms of pacific islands, but tropical rainforests are the most commonly destroyed for a variety of purposes. It would be the producers who will benefit since the decomposers will give off nutrients to the plants and this will lead to their increase in population. Tropical regions — and therefore tropical rainforests — are found near the Equator, an imaginary line that circles the globe, dividing the northern and southern hemispheres. Food Chains and Food Webs Oh, the tangled webs they weave. Were you able to modify the parameters so that each species survived? It is at the southernmost limit 34ºS latitude and is an example of the leftover subtropical and warm temperate rainforest from the ancient super-continent Gondwana Department of Environment and Conservation, 2004.
At the bottom of a food web are the producers, or plants in an ecosystem. For example, there is an entire group of birds in the American tropics, called antbirds, that follow the parades of army ants. Changes in weather and shelter cause deforested areas to undergo a tremendous loss of biodiversity. Food Webs in the Tropical Rainforest In tropical forests, species are abundant, making the food webs quite complex. The equatorial forest predominates in the Amazon South America , the Congo Africa and in Malaysia, a biogeographic region located between the Indomalaya or Eastern region from Afghanistan and Pakistan to occupying Southeast Asia and Australasia Australia, Melanesia and New Zealand.
It serves as food for them and to some it serves as a shelter. Lovejoy, Thomas; Nobre, Carlos 21 February 2018. In the tropics, each canopy tree can release about 200 gallons 760 liters of water each year. With the end of the glacial period and increase in atmospheric humidity, rainforest began to expand and the refuges reconnected. The different kinds of species are there due to the climate there and the resources. Tropical Rainforest Rainfall Tropical rainforests do not experience significant seasonal changes.
People such as the Some action has been taken by suggesting fallow periods of the land allowing secondary forest to grow and replenish the soil. These rains are heavy and can be anywhere between 60 to 160 inches. It is also free and everyone could have it well those who have computers and use this for studies. This is a family of plants that have stiff, spiked leaves which radiate out from a central point. Locations Around the World Equatorial climate is prevalent in regions with the latitudes of at most ten degrees North and South of the equator, and the Intertropical Convergence Zone dominates these regions. Read — In Summary, Tropical Rainforest Biomes are essential for maintaining temperatures as well as rainfall.