Sample research paper on breast cancer. Research Paper About Breast Cancer 2022-10-29
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Breast cancer is a type of cancer that affects the cells of the breast. It is one of the most common types of cancer in women, and it can also occur in men. In this research paper, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for breast cancer.
The causes of breast cancer are not fully understood, but several risk factors have been identified. These include age, family history, genetics, hormonal factors, and certain lifestyle choices. Women over the age of 50 have an increased risk of developing breast cancer, as do those who have a family history of the disease. There is also a genetic component to breast cancer, and certain genetic mutations, such as BRCA1 and BRCA2, have been linked to an increased risk. Hormonal factors, such as being postmenopausal and having higher levels of estrogen, also increase the risk of breast cancer. Lifestyle choices, such as smoking, alcohol consumption, and a lack of physical activity, may also increase the risk of breast cancer.
Symptoms of breast cancer can vary, but common signs include a lump or mass in the breast, changes in the size or shape of the breast, changes in the skin on the breast, such as dimpling or puckering, and discharge from the nipple. These symptoms may not always be present, and it is important to regularly check the breasts for any abnormalities and to speak with a healthcare provider if any concerns arise.
Treatment options for breast cancer depend on the stage of the cancer and the individual patient's overall health. Common treatment options include surgery to remove the cancerous tissue, chemotherapy to kill cancer cells, radiation therapy to kill cancer cells, and hormone therapy to block the effects of hormones that may be fueling the cancer. In some cases, a combination of these treatments may be recommended.
In conclusion, breast cancer is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition that affects both women and men. While the causes of breast cancer are not fully understood, there are several risk factors that have been identified, and it is important for individuals to be aware of these and to take steps to reduce their risk. If breast cancer is detected early, treatment options are available and can be effective in combating the disease. It is important for individuals to be aware of the symptoms of breast cancer and to speak with a healthcare provider if any concerns arise.
Sample Research Paper on Breast Cancer
The cells enter the lymphatic vessels into the lymph nodes and begin to grow by spreading into other parts of the body. After the mammogram is complete, radiologists use another form of technology called Computer Aided Detection, or CAD. When doctors diagnose the disease it is natural that how you became victim of the disease. Conclusions Breast cancer is the most common type of tumor in women in most parts of the world. The vast majority of cases occur in women, but a few cases occur in men.
There are many people who live healthy lives, never participate in bad habits and still development severe and aggressive cancers that can and will claim their lives and others may do nothing but engage in bad habits and caustic work environments and never contract any form of cancer American Cancer Society, 2014. American Cancer Society, 2016 Possible Treatment The treatment of cancer usually involves a multidisciplinary team. . Introduction The Ford Motors Company is a global company having 100 plants located in 38 countries with 15,800 dealer network in 200 markets. Works Cited: Lippman, M. Research has however noted that a percentage of people suffer from paraben allergies. Different radiation treatment schedules with rapid fractionation have been used for years in centers in the UK and Canada.
Abortion has always been one of the most disputable social issues. . Alternative medicine can be used to help with the side effects of breast cancer. However, introducing the health problems deriving from having an abortion is a more objective approach, given that projected medical-related problems are based on solid evidence and facts. Atypical duct hyperplasia has been regarded as the missing link between healthy duct hyperplasia and low-grade, ductal neoplasia in situ DIN.
In developed nations, like UK and the USA, about 90% patients survive for a minimum of 5 years after the completion of treatment Breastcancer. Some patients normally feel a lump in their breast while others react by becoming ill with the disease spreads elsewhere in the body. Other environmental factors such as radiation exposure and various exogenous carcinogens are also risk factors Pecorino, 2012; Abdulkareem, 2013; ACS, 2015. These include intraductal carnicoma referred to as Ductal carnicoma in situ , which is the most common type of breast cancer. .
The present biometric, anatomical description will probably be replaced by molecular staging. It is therefore the aim of this study to determine the presence of mutation in the HER2 gene and examine how mutation affects the sensitivity of patients to drugs that target the receptor. It is true that stress, anxiety, and money can be saved by waiting until the age of 50 years old because of misinterpretation and overdiagnosis. Sentinel node biopsy refers to the removal of one lymph node, which targets the lymph node where lymph drainage is received from the cancer. This topic became incredibly news worthy when famous actress, Angelina Jolie, having lost her mother to breast cancer and a verified mutation in the BRCA genes, chose to have both of her breasts removed to avoid the risk factors. The tumor suppressor proteins assist in preventing cells from increasing and dividing too quickly.
Several breast cancer types are diagnosed easily through microscopic analysis of a sample of the breast area that is affected. APNs use their advanced knowledge and practice skill to educate women about the risk factors for breast cancer and to initiate screening programs aimed at early detection and intervention of breast cancer. UK: Oxford University Press. This arises from unseen risk factors. DDT dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane was introduced in the year 1874. . Precise identification of these precursor lesions will be vital for planning interventions in women at high risk of breast cancer and to assess the effectiveness of prevention trials.
Such tumors are malignant, and the cells may grow into other tissues spreading out in the body. HER2 also promotes ligand binding with heterodimers. Mortality rate among patients is also increased with regular sitting for a prolonged period of time and lack of exercise. Every year some 1. Your doctor usually will prescribe some form of hormonal therapy at some point in your treatment plan. Diagnosis and Treatment As with many other diseases, diagnosis of breast cancer begins with extensive medical history taking and a physical exam with a thorough examination of the breasts. One of the most recent research has determined that there are genes that can make an individual more likely to develop cancer over others.
When a cell dies the body automatically replaces it with a new healthy cell, but sometimes the cell is not healthy and grows out of control. In fact, this statement is true as yoga increases the stretching ability of your muscles and your body becomes more elastic and beautiful, as well. The other two to follow suit were General Motors and Chrysler Motor Company in the early 1900s. However, as the aim of the research was to provide an analysis of the Chinese breast cancer patient population, the sample generally provides an acceptable reference tool for such a study. Since it is a Chinese cultural norm to internalize emotions, detection of psychological symptoms is vital in order to receive proper psychological relief.
Research Paper Breast Cancer Awareness Health Essay
Space exploration is a never-ending field of study. It is a moral, cultural, and religious issue. Therefore, the T classification will probably be determined by a continuous metric description of the size cm of the carcinoma e. Advanced practice skills of APNs enable them to intervene at all levels of healthcare of the breast cancer patients. This has been attributed to the significant advantages it contributes to the development of the immune system of the child.
One type of action could be a single or double mastectomy, the removal of a breast or both breasts through surgery. It is formed when cells grow uncontrollably in the tissues of the breast that lead to a tumor. Three of the most well-known abnormal genes are BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2. The sophisticated technique of sentinel lymph node biopsy provides knowledge about the condition of the axillary nodes without the need for dissection, when lymph nodes are not affected. Before embarking on a research topic, it is always important that the researcher determines the bets research design and methods to apply in their research.