Kama is a concept in Hinduism that refers to desire or pleasure. It is one of the four goals of life, known as the purusharthas, which also include dharma (duty or virtue), artha (wealth and security), and moksha (liberation or enlightenment).
In Hinduism, kama is seen as a natural and necessary part of life, but it must be balanced with the other purusharthas. Kama is not necessarily seen as sinful or immoral, but it can become a problem if it becomes the dominant focus of a person's life and leads to selfish or harmful behavior.
In the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna advises Arjuna to pursue kama in moderation, saying "the senses, mind, and intelligence are the sitting places of desire. But they must be controlled, O Arjuna, for they can destroy wisdom and discrimination." This suggests that kama should be controlled and used wisely, rather than indulged in excessively.
In Hinduism, kama is also associated with the god Kama, who is the god of love and desire. According to Hindu mythology, Kama is a powerful force that can bring people together and create new life, but it can also lead to conflict and suffering if not properly managed.
Overall, kama is an important and necessary part of life in Hinduism, but it should be balanced with the other purusharthas and exercised with wisdom and self-control.
What is Kama?
This fruition takes three forms, as stated in the Yogasutra II. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. Kāma often connotes sexual desire and longing in contemporary literature, but the concept more broadly refers to any desire, wish, passion, longing, pleasure of the senses, the aesthetic enjoyment of life, affection, or love, with or without sexual connotations. VI, 506; involuntarily J. Is Kama Sutra pornography? To despatch or do work within work.
Retrieved 26 November 2018. On this see A. According to this tradition, Buddhism is a Nastika school since it rejects the authority of the Vedas. Journal of Indian Philosophy. University of Virginia Press. The tree represents the body. But an action which conduces to the practice of one of them at the expense of the remaining two should not be performed.
Swami Nikilananda comments: As the rivers, following their different courses, ultimately merge in the ocean and give up their names and forms, so the devotees, losing their names and forms, become one with the Supreme Reality. Kāma as sense-desire and enjoyment plus objects of the same is a collective name for all but the very higher or refined conditions of life. Buddhist commentators express 1 and 2 by kāmiyatī ti kāmo, and kametī ti kāmo Cpd. The problems with Burton mistranslation are many, states Doniger. And purva-karma or bhaagya or daiva is unseen adrsta by us, and is known only to God as Vidhaataa.
The kama loka is the plane or level of reality on which emotions operate, sometimes called astral, which is coexistent with and interpenetrates the physical plane. English translation of Der Hinduismus: Geschichte und Gegenwart, Verlag C. Vatsyayana recommends, states Alain Danielou, that "one should play, marry, associate with one's equals, people of one's own circle" who share the same values and religious outlook. Calcutta: Advaita Ashrama Publication Department. A human's karmic acts result in merits and demerits.
In another example, Ganesha can unweave his devotees from their karma, simplifying and purifying their lives, but this only happens after they have established a personal relationship with Him. Those who have no desire other than for the satisfaction of the gross senses aspire for such pleasure. Shaivism Thirugnana Sambandar Karma as action philosophy and value theory: if we sow goodness, we will reap goodness. In general, the text describes sexual activity between men and women across class and caste, both in urban and rural settings. Kamasutra acknowledges that "women have strong privileges", Burton erased these passages and thus eroded women's agency in ancient India in the typical Orientialist manner that dehumanized the Indian culture.
Journal of the American Academy of Religion. His wife is Rati. IV, 289; Nd 2 p. He commissioned the Sanskrit scholar Kamasutra manuscript and translate it. When one abides by their caste duty good Karma is earned and vice versa; and the Karma one collects is reflected in the next life as movement within the Caste system. Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 17, Verse 42. The Kamasutra is the oldest extant Hindu textbook of erotic love.
Many of the articles are also being updated. The likely candidates are urban centers of north India, alternatively in the eastern urban Pataliputra now Vatsyayana Mallanaga is its widely accepted author because his name is embedded in the Brihatsamhita of Varahamihira, as well as the poems of Kalidasa. These eight sub-manifestations mātṛ , including Kāmā, symbolize mental dispositions or emotions and are considered as obstructing the attainment of liberating knowledge. Glossary page from context information Vaishnava वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava or vaishnavism vaiṣṇavism represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. I, 47;— ye kāme hitvā agihā caranti Sn.
History of the Dharmaśāstras Vol. Love for a person grows from hearing about one and hearing the charming conversation, seeing the personal beauty, or the sportive movement of limbs. III, 238: kāme avigata-rāga, °chanda, °pema, °pipāsa, °pariḷāha, °taṇha. He carries a bow made from sugar cane and honey bees, while the arrow is decorated with flowers that represent the different phases of love. John Lochtefeld explains Karl Potter describes Hindery notes the inconsistent and diverse expositions of kama in various ancient texts of India.
His wife was Rati. Most of the older Hindu temples had carvings of Kama-related arts. In his commentary, the first bird represents the individual soul, while the second represents Brahman or God. Retrieved 22 November 2018. A more logical definition is given by Dhammapāla on Vv 1 1 VvA. The belief in rebirth is, suggests Radhakrishnan, evident in the Brāhmaṇas, where words like punar-mrtyu re-death , punar-asu coming to life again and punarajati rebirth are used to denote it.
Deva means heavenly or divine, and refers to a deity in Kama kāma means "desire" or "longing", especially as in sensual or sexual love. It has also been argued that Karma has a role in Hindu society as a whole. All kriyamana karmas flow in to sanchita karma and consequently shape our future. Burnt by Śiva, was reborn as Pradyumna, son of Kṛṣṇa, an aṃśa of Vāsudeva. The concept of karma first appears strongly in the Bhagavad Gita. He, at times, reverses the object and subject, making the woman the subject and man the object when the Kamasutra is explicitly stating the reverse.