Interpersonal attraction and close relationships. Interpersonal Attraction, Close Relationships, Love and Marriage (SOCIAL) Flashcards 2022-10-14
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Interpersonal attraction is the psychological force that draws people together and motivates them to form close relationships. It is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon that can be influenced by a variety of factors, including physical attractiveness, similarity, familiarity, and complementarity.
Physical attractiveness is often cited as one of the key factors in interpersonal attraction. People are more likely to be attracted to those who are physically attractive because they are perceived as more attractive mates. This is especially true for people who are looking for long-term relationships, as physical attractiveness is often seen as a sign of good health and fertility.
Similarity is another important factor in interpersonal attraction. People are more likely to be attracted to those who are similar to themselves in terms of personality, values, and interests. This is because similarity promotes feelings of familiarity and comfort, which are important for building trust and intimacy in relationships.
Familiarity is also a key factor in interpersonal attraction. People tend to be attracted to those who they see often or have frequent interactions with. This is because familiarity breeds liking, and people are more likely to be attracted to those who they have had positive experiences with in the past.
Complementarity is another factor that can influence interpersonal attraction. This refers to the idea that people are more likely to be attracted to those who possess qualities or traits that they themselves lack. For example, someone who is outgoing and extroverted might be attracted to someone who is introverted and reflective, because they complement each other's personality traits.
In conclusion, interpersonal attraction is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon that is influenced by a variety of factors, including physical attractiveness, similarity, familiarity, and complementarity. Understanding these factors can help us better understand the processes that lead to close relationships and how to build and maintain strong, healthy relationships.
Interpersonal Attraction & Close Relationships
It was adaptive to seek out a mate, reproduce, and work together to care for children. Optimistic people thrive in groups with other optimists, whereas pessimists like to be in the company of pessimists. Chapters explore the factors that influence attraction and relationship development in diverse partnerships and populations among children, adolescents, the elderly, homosexual and heterosexual adults, etc. Although an interaction is not a necessary or sufficient condition for the emergence of mutual love, it is crucial for converting such feelings into a thriving partnership. Males tend to suffer more adverse effects from divorce than females. Its absence may pave the way for negative emotions and unhelpful interaction habits with others.
Lecture 8 Interpersonal Attraction, Close relationship and Love notes
According to cognitive consistency theories, people are more likely to befriend others who share their values and interests, whereas those who have different ones are more likely to be rejected. At the beginning of a romantic relationship, a person's interest is often focused on the physical attributes of a potential mate. There are other kinds of love: a Companionate love is a critical component of a long-lasting relationship. According to social comparison theory Festinger, 1954 , we compare ourselves to others to be sure our attitudes and behaviors are appropriate. Factors Based on Interacting with Others: Similarity and Mutual Liking A. In addition to being exclusive and monogamous, they have an intense connection and relationship with one another that they do not share with anyone else, not even their closest friends. Need for affiliation, then, is a relatively stable trait of an individual.
Interpersonal Attraction, Close Relationships, and Groups
The similarity-dissimilarity effect indicates that people consistently respond positively to others who they perceive as similar to them and negatively to those who they perceive as dissimilar. Annual Review of Psychology 24:317—336. Students' overall looks and interpersonal attractiveness were found to have significant and independent effects on one another. Attraction and close relationships. The Cambridge Handbook of Personal Relationships. Florence, KY: Psychology Press.
Interpersonal Attraction and Close childhealthpolicy.vumc.org
Mildred are associated with undesirable characteristics. We like people who evaluate us positively and we dislike those who evaluate us negatively. General Overviews Interpersonal attraction is one of the most commonly studied topics in the field of psychology. High levels of attraction are strongly correlated with the percentage of similar attitudes. It is important to note that not only do we like similar individuals better, we tend to rate them higher on various attributes, including morality and intelligence.
Is a marriage which lacks this type of love necessarily unsatisfactory? If we encounter dissimilar attitudes, it suggests that our views and behaviors may be inappropriate, leading to negative affect. What do we desire in others? The experiences we have and the outcomes we receive in virtually all areas of our existence—developmental, educational, occupational, social, relational, physical, and mental, to name a few—are deeply and continuously affected by the sentiments, feelings, and attitudes we evoke in others. What steps do people take in order to maintain a close and satisfying relationship over time? What is intimacy and how does it develop? All interpersonal goals can be attained only when there is mutual attraction. Much of our interpersonal actions depend on our surroundings. Why do some people stay in unsatisfactory relationships? This style leads to a very strong motive to establish relationships coupled with a fear of rejection. KEYWORDS: attachment, attachment orientaiton, intimacy, investment and commitment, loneliness, Michelangelo phenomenon, need to affiliate, proximity effect, relationship dissolution, self-disclosure, similarity-attraction, triangular model of love 1. The idea that similarity leads to attraction is a widely accepted belief and has been supported by decades of research.
Interpersonal Attraction & Close childhealthpolicy.vumc.org
DOI: NNNWritten by two pioneering researchers in the area of attraction, this early review article provides an excellent overview of the measurement of attraction, existing theories of attraction, and empirical research on factors such as similarity that influence attraction. In addition, regales of role some gender effect persist, men still prefer younger mates, and women are still more concerned with provider skills than are men. Relational dominance and mate-selection criteria: Evidence that males attend to female dominance. The need to affiliate is increased by intense fear or stress and decreased by social anxiety. Friends Our friends are the individuals who are not biologically related but whom we like to spend time with. Several kinds of love. For example, you move to a new city.
Interpersonal Attraction, Close Relationships, Love and Marriage (SOCIAL) Flashcards
People tend to seek out others who are highest possible in attractive characteristics, regardless of their own characteristics. People we can trust, respect, care for, and be open to are called friends. People with a close familial or friendship bond. Males tend to be more realistic or pragmatic in their attitudes towards romantic love. These are not the only things that matter in developing a solid connection or relationship, but they play a role.
Interpersonal Attraction & Close Relationships [ylyx6885ovnm]
Explaining the effect of similarity-dissimilarity on attraction 1. Attachment is an emotional bond to someone representing a safe haven from threat and a secure base to engage with the world. If two people do not like each other, it is presumably the result of nonbalance, which is an unpleasant internal state. How is the equity principle applied to social exchange in both the early stages of a relationship and later in a committed relationship? So, when we discover someone else shares our views, we feel validated and are left with positive feelings. When we anticipate having to interact with someone who is obnoxious, we tend to dislike that person more. New York: Academic Press. Specifically, overweight people are stereotyped as lazy, while very slender people are stereotyped as intelligent.
The repulsion hypothesis offered by Rosenbaum 1986 stated that increases in attraction are not the result of similar attitudes; rather attraction is decreased when dissimilar attitudes are present. The first section of this article introduces general review articles and books that summarize the scientific literature on interpersonal attraction and close relationship development. Attitude similarity refers to the degree to which two people share the same attitudes about any number of subjects. Fiske, and Gardner Lindzey, 193—281. Close relationships: Key readings in social psychology. These behaviors are reinforcing for both people.