European imperialism. How did the European justify imperialism? 2022-10-07
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European imperialism refers to the period of European colonization and expansion into non-European territories, particularly in Africa, Asia, and the Americas, from the 15th to the 20th century. During this time, European powers such as Britain, France, and Spain established colonies, enforced their rule through military force, and extracted resources and labor from the colonized peoples.
Imperialism was driven by a variety of factors, including the desire for economic gain, the belief in European superiority and the need to spread Christianity, and the competition among European powers for global influence. European imperial powers sought to gain control over new lands and resources, such as raw materials, markets, and labor, in order to fuel their economies and maintain their dominant position in the world. They also sought to spread their cultural values and beliefs, often at the expense of the indigenous cultures of the colonized peoples.
The effects of European imperialism were far-reaching and long-lasting. Colonized peoples were often subjected to harsh treatment, including forced labor, land confiscation, and cultural assimilation. Many were also subjected to violence and brutality, and some estimates suggest that as many as 50 million people died as a result of European imperialism. In addition to the human cost, imperialism also had significant economic and political effects on the colonized regions. It disrupted traditional systems of governance and resource management, and often led to the exploitation and depletion of natural resources.
Despite the negative consequences of imperialism, it also had some positive effects. European imperial powers brought with them new technologies, ideas, and institutions that had the potential to improve the lives of the colonized peoples. They also introduced Western education and medicine, which brought about significant improvements in health and literacy rates.
Today, the legacy of European imperialism continues to shape the world in which we live. Many former colonies gained independence in the 20th century, but the political, economic, and cultural legacies of imperialism continue to be felt. The ongoing debates surrounding reparations and the need for reconciliation are a testament to the enduring impact of European imperialism.
European Imperialism Dbq
Read the rest of the world's best summary of "Sapiens" at Shortform. Of course, there were a few exceptions here and there. Amanda was a Fulbright Scholar and has taught in schools in the US and South Africa. Luckily, there are plenty of ways to travel while making money no matter where you are in the world such as working for a web design agency. This is demonstrated by the resources Europeans fought for on the map of that period, which especially displays the territories they colonized.
European Imperialism: How a Tiny Continent Ruled The World
Albert Sarraut was a delegate of the Radical Party in the French Parliament from 1902—1924. Apart from draining resources from colonies and, therefore, removing their economic agency and potential for future development, European entrepreneurs driven by the ideas of imperialism have affected the cultural progress of colonized states by foisting European cultural values and traditions onto them. The number of imports and exports both increased, but the exports to Africa increased greatly,… Imperialism in Western Civilization Near the end of the nineteenth century, there was a sharp increase in the need for people of Western civilization to expand their way of life across the globe. The example of Southern Africa is, perhaps, the most egregious one since it showcases how the political power of wealthier states can allow them to devour countries of lesser economic and political impact. As such, European imperialism in Africa was beneficial for the European nations in that it helped grow their national economies. The Arabs, for example, believed they knew everything there was to know about the world. Osterhammel, Jürgen: Kolonialismus: Geschichte, Formen, Folgen, 5.
When Spain and Portugal partitioned the world by signing the Treaty of Tordesillas on 7 June 1494, they declared a genuine European claim to hegemony. European imperialism then refers to those European countries that tried to expand their rule to other counties, and in many well known cases of European imperialism this was very successful. In fact, the United States in this case wanted to acquire new markets in which goods are to be sold. Nevertheless, the foremost motivation for imperialism was economics. Following this logic conquering foreign lands must also be a good thing since it allows for the discovery of new knowledge.
While the Romans achieved their European imperialism by force, at the same time they did a lot for the countries that they invaded — helping them to build the first roads, building impressive temples and cathedrals. The picture from the late 19th century shows the discovery and occupation of the island of San Salvador Watling Island named after Christopher Columbus c. Combined with the theory of natural selection, they theorized that Aryans must have intermarried in India and Persia and lost their work ethic and rationality. This can be shown equally for the Asian, the African and the Pacific regions. At long last, we can analyze the imports and exports of Great Britain and South Saharan Africa in 1854 and 1900.
This led to tremendous competition among the European powers, particularly Belgium, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, and Spain. The imperial expansion since about 1870 was not a European invention but its chronological and spatial dimension was as unique as the variety of colonial methods of rule. Furthermore, it illustrates the critical significance of political and military force in the imperial process. As governor general in Indochina 1911—1914, 1916—1919 , he promoted participation of the population in the administration and reformed, for example, the education system. Publicly, imperialists justified seizing control of Africa for humanitarianism, philanthropy, and spreading Christianity. Their lobbying influence on the expansion of the colonial empires was no less than that of political and economic interest groups in the metropole, even though their motivations depended more situationally on the events in the colonies than could be or would be the case in the European centres of power. For example, King Leopold II of Belgium was determined to get the area of land so he can become more wealthy.
These flimsy justifications were not the ultimate reason Europe colonized Africa. Using the example of Brazil, he rationalized colonial paternalism with the allegedly successful relationship between masters and slaves. That is what makes this period so unique in European history, though measured against other criteria, such as time and space, it was not more spectacular than previous ones. Before this, the Industrial Revolution had just occurred and was coming to a close. Because it always involves the use of power, whether military or economic or some subtler form, imperialism has often been considered morally reprehensible. Historical Atlas of Canada: From the beginning to 1800. European nations gained oversea colonies in North and South America, Africa and Asia.
It showed they admitted their ignorance of the world. This spurred European imperialism. The British created a cotton monopoly. As different as the spread of Christianity proceeded with the nonconformist, dissenting elements of Protestantism in North America and the Catholic forces in South America so, too, was the result different in the end. Learn the book's critical concepts in 20 minutes or less. Individual national and expansion histories referred to each other in varying degrees at different times but often also reinforced each other. Prior to the 15th century, many Europeans had the same attitude.
The USA is the prototype for a successful linkage of continental internal colonisation in the form of the westward shift of the Frontier and maritime colonial policy in the Asian sphere, while paradoxically being the most successful model of anti-colonialism. Up until 1885, they stated that if a leader wanted to control a certain part of Africa, then they must prove that they have control over that area and that was it. Examples from history include Imperialism in ancient times is clear in the history of China and in the history of western bce by that of the bce , a union of the eastern Mediterranean with western Asia was achieved. In the beginning, Portugal and Spain in personal union 1580—1640 were primarily interested in overseas trade to Brazil and the Philippines and inspired by Christian missionary zeal. It was unfathomable to Columbus and most of his contemporaries that there could be an entire continent completely unknown to Europeans and the Bible. Following this war a period of decolonisation began as most European powers granted independence to their various territories. So what caused this sudden change from European coastal trade to imperialism in Africa? His explorations helped stir European interest in Africa.