Topical organization example. Patterns of Organization 2022-10-22
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Topical organization is a type of organizational structure in which a text is arranged according to the topics or themes that it covers. This is in contrast to other forms of organization, such as chronological or spatial, which are based on the order in which events occurred or the location of objects or events.
One example of a text that is organized using topical organization is a textbook. Textbooks often cover a wide range of topics related to a particular subject, such as biology or history. In order to present this information in a clear and logical way, the authors of the textbook will often organize the chapters or sections of the book according to the various topics being covered.
For instance, a biology textbook might have a chapter on evolution, followed by a chapter on genetics, and then a chapter on ecology. Each of these chapters would contain information about these specific topics, and would be organized in a way that allows the reader to easily understand and learn about each topic.
Another example of a text that is organized using topical organization is a research paper. In a research paper, the author is typically trying to present information about a specific topic or issue. In order to do this effectively, the author will often organize the paper according to the various subtopics or themes that make up the overall topic.
For instance, a research paper about the effects of social media on mental health might be organized into sections on the impact of social media on self-esteem, the relationship between social media use and depression, and the role of social media in the development of anxiety disorders. Each of these sections would contain information about these specific subtopics, and would be organized in a way that allows the reader to easily understand and learn about each one.
In conclusion, topical organization is a useful and effective way to organize a text in order to present information about a particular topic or set of topics in a clear and logical way. By organizing a text according to the themes or topics it covers, the reader is able to easily understand and learn about the material being presented.
PATTERNS OF ORGANIZATION
It makes sense for the writer to organize the information by physical location because the information is easy to understand and use in this format, particularly for tourists who are not familiar with the area. In this outline, the audience is focused on the three events that pushed it forward, rather than the persons involved in the movement. Chronological Speech Organizational Pattern A chronological speech pattern arranges the main points sequentially according to when they happened in time. In the spatial example above about the Native American nations of Georgia, the subpoints might be chronological emphasizing their development over time , or they could be topical explaining aspects of their culture. The thesis statement is the main idea or focus of the speech.
A chronological pattern arranges information according to the order in which it occurred in time. For example, you are currently attending college. At this point in discussing organizational patterns and looking at these examples, two points should be made about them and about speech organization in general. Spatial Pattern Another way to organize the points of a speech is through a spatial speech, which arranges main points according to their physical and geographic relationships. Problem-solution format has a lot in common with the cause-and-effect format, but rather than reporting the outcomes of a specific event, this format calls for the author to present solutions for each issue they raise. For example, a speech on the development of a new technology should begin with its origin, then continue along the same time-line as events occurred. It is effective to use when a writer wishes to objectively discuss both sides of an issue without taking a persuasive stance.
Returning to the example of a persuasive speech about trade schools, the speaker would find supporting materials that contain evidence to support the main points or reasons why trade school is better than college. No matter what type of writing you are doing, you will benefit once you know what an organizational pattern is and how to use it. You could give a speech with a focus on people, but it would be different and probably less chronological and more topical see below. Speech Organizational Patterns There are five main speech organizational patterns: topical, spatial, chronological, problem-solution, and causal. What is an informative speech? An informative speech is based on facts; it is not intended to persuade the audience. According to Colorado State University, topical speeches are those that are structured by topics and subtopics, as opposed to chronology, geography, pros and cons, or any of the other possible speech organization methods. The Northridge earthquake resulted in the loss of 57 lives and over 40 billion dollars of damage in Northridge and surrounding communities.
Patterns of Organization At this point, then, you should see how much your audience needs organization. A topical pattern is the most versatile. Whether you are able to offer a specific solution or not, key to the problem-solution speech is a clear description of both the problem and the solution with clear links drawn between the two. Earlier in the chapter, we said that organizing a speech involves grouping, labeling, and ordering. Often, candidates will begin their speech by describing a problem created by or, at the very least, left unresolved by the incumbent. There will be times when a specific purpose could work with two different organizational patterns. One of the Roman numeral points would probably be a more specific focus.
Unless they affect us directly, we may not have the same attachment to the topic. To illustrate the benefits in human terms, he described a patient who was able to compete in a marathon run despite having had one leg amputated. Further, using the right organization in writing a piece is an important element of improving the search engine optimization, or SEO, of a piece published online. A problem-solution organizational pattern arranges the main points into two categories: the problem and the solution s. You also know that as you do research, you will group together similar pieces of information from different sources in your research.
Cause and Effect A cause-and-effect format uses the relationship between events as scaffolding. Causal Pattern A causal speech informs audience members about causes and effects that have already happened with respect to some condition, event, etc. It simply divides the main topic of the speech into several related subtopics. This pattern could be used for speeches about current issues such as wildfires, opioid addiction, or human trafficking. Speech organization refers to the way that a person organizes what he or she plans to say in a speech.
What Are the Five Organizational Patterns for Public Speaking?
It is not absolutely necessary to use it and will not always be relevant, but parallelism should be used when appropriate and effective. Since the specific purpose is about stages, it is necessary to put the four stages in the right order. It should be noted, however, that a specific purpose like this example is very broad and probably not practical for your class speeches; it would be better to focus on just causes or effects, or even just one type of cause such as genetic causes of schizophrenia or one type of effect relational or social. The difference between what we do and what we are capable of doing would suffice to solve most of the world's problems. . Recall that the main idea is ''attending a trade school is a better choice than attending college. Importance of Organization in Writing It is difficult to understate the value of organizational structures in writing.
It would be easy in the case of the Civil Rights Movement to list the many events that happened over more than two decades, but that could be overwhelming for the audience. The thesis may be the most important part of the speech because it serves two functions: it provides the speechwriter with a specific focus, and it informs the audience of the speech's purpose. That means putting your strongest argument or most important point last when applicable. It would be easy in the case of the Civil Rights Movement to list the many events that happened over more than two decades, but that could be overwhelming for the audience. Before you do so, however, it is helpful to consider how you will organize the ideas. In other words, the speech explains why something happened and what the result was. A cause and effect pattern explains the cause of a problem and the effect, or result, of the problem.
Parallelism the repetition of grammatical structures that correspond in sound, meter, and meaning In relation to the way each main point is written, notice that they are full grammatical sentences, although sometimes short and simple. Any way of sorting the information in a piece of writing is an example of organization in writing. What is missing because music or arts are not funded? In the topical pattern, the piece is divided into sections that each discuss a different subtopic of the piece's overall subject. An example of this type of organization would be a political campaign speech in which the candidate goes over each part of their platform in detail. The speech's topic will determine which method of organization should be used. For example, the main points of your speech could be one organizational pattern and the subpoints a different one.